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Archaeological Approaches to Market Exchange in Ancient Societies
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"These significant contributions to economic anthropology should encourage comparative cross-cultural diologues and foster new approaches to the study of premodern market exchange... The Garraty & Stark volume is a giant step forward in understanding market systems, market places, and sociocultural and religious parameters that impinge upon the economic structure of preindustrial societies."—Charles C. Kolb, The Cambridge Archaeological Journal

Ancient market activities are dynamic in the economies of most ancient states, yet they have received little research from the archaeological community. Archaeological Approaches to Market Exchange in Ancient Societies is the first book to address the development, change, and organizational complexity of ancient markets from a comparative archaeological perspective. Drawing from historical documents and archaeological records from Mesoamerica, the U.S. Southwest, East Africa, and the Andes, this volume reveals the complexity of ancient marketplace development and economic behavior both in hierarchical and non-hierarchical societies. Highlighting four principal themes-the defining characteristics of market exchange; the recognition of market exchange archaeologically; the relationship among market, political, and other social institutions; and the conditions in which market systems develop and change-the book contains a strong methodological and theoretical focus on market exchange. Diverse contributions from noted scholars show the history of market exchange and other activities to be more dynamic than scholars previously appreciated. Archaeological Approaches to Market Exchange in Ancient Societies will be of interest to archaeologists, anthropologists, material-culture theorists, economists, and historians.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Figures
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. Tables
  2. pp. xiii-xiii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xv-xviii
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  1. Section One: Theoretical and Methodological Overviews
  2. p. 1
  1. 1: Investigating Market Exchange in Ancient Societies: A Theoretical Review
  2. pp. 3-32
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  1. 2: Detecting Marketplace Exchange in Archaeology: A Methodological Review
  2. pp. 33-58
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  1. Section Two: Case Studies
  2. p. 59
  1. 3: The Rise and Demise of Marketplace Exchange among the Prehistoric Hohokam of Arizona
  2. pp. 61-83
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  1. 4: A Multiscalar Perspective on Market Exchange in the Classic-Period Valley of Oaxaca
  2. pp. 85-98
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  1. 5: Origins and Development of Mesoamerican Marketplaces: Evidence from South-Central Veracruz, Mexico
  2. pp. 99-126
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  1. 6: The Rise and Fall of Market Exchange: A Dynamic Approach to Ancient Maya Economy
  2. pp. 127-140
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  1. 7: Housing the Market: Swahili Merchants and Regional Marketing on the East African Coast, Seventh to Sixteenth Centuries AD
  2. pp. 141-159
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  1. 8: Regional and Local Market Systems in Aztec-Period Morelos
  2. pp. 161-182
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  1. Section Three: Comparative Contributions
  2. p. 183
  1. 9: Labor Taxes, Market Systems, and Urbanization in the Prehispanic Andes: A Comparative Perspective
  2. pp. 185-206
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  1. 10: Evaluating Causal Factors in Market Development in Premodern States: A Comparative Study, with Critical Comments on the History of Ideas about Markets
  2. pp. 207-226
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  1. 11: Finding the Mark in the Marketplace: The Organization, Development, and Archaeological Identification of Market Systems
  2. pp. 227-247
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  1. References Cited
  2. pp. 249-311
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 313-322
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