We cannot verify your location
Browse Book and Journal Content on Project MUSE

Sanctuary Cinema

Origins of the Christian Film Industry

Terry Lindvall

Publication Year: 2007

Winner of the Religious Communication Association Book of the Year Award for 2008

Sanctuary Cinema provides the first history of the origins of the Christian film industry. Focusing on the early days of film during the silent era, it traces the ways in which the Church came to adopt film making as a way of conveying the Christian message to adherents. Surprisingly, rather than separating themselves from Hollywood or the American entertainment culture, early Christian film makers embraced Hollywood cinematic techniques and often populated their films with attractive actors and actresses. But they communicated their sectarian message effectively to believers, and helped to shape subsequent understandings of the Gospel message, which had historically been almost exclusively verbal, not communicated through visual media.

Despite early successes in attracting new adherents with the lure of the film, the early Christian film industry ultimately failed, in large part due to growing fears that film would corrupt the church by substituting an American “civil religion” in place of solid Christian values and amidst continuing Christian unease about the potential for the glorification of images to revert to idolatry. While radio eclipsed the motion picture as the Christian communication media of choice by the 1920, the early film makers had laid the foundations for the current re-emergence of Christian film and entertainment, from Veggie Tales to The Passion of the Christ.

Published by: NYU Press


pdf iconDownload PDF


pdf iconDownload PDF


pdf iconDownload PDF
p. vii

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. ix-x

One cannot even begin such a work without the support of an editor who not only believes in the project but also has the wisdom, skill, and grace to discipline its author. Jennifer Hammer has been such an astute critic and generous sponsor, one who adroitly cleared a path for me to follow, but also allowed me to wander off into the forest at...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 1-14

Underground films, political films, avant-garde, experimental, educational, and documentary films—these renegade films bubble up and flow against the tide of dominant Hollywood products. Made in spite of a paucity of funding, resources, and support, and despite dim prospects...

read more

The Brazen Serpent

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 15-54

Positive church relations with the moving pictures did not spring forth overnight. A history of theological resistance to images and amusements colored the uncertain reception that church leaders gave to the novel invention. Before the early-twentieth-century church embraced...

read more

Sanctuary Cinema

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 55-116

In Sullivan’s Travels, director Preston Sturges’s 1941 satire on Hollywood filmmaking, a naive director of inane comedies wants to produce a socially significant drama. He takes to the road as a hobo, but is soon incarcerated in a chain gang. The oppressed prisoners are given a...

read more

Divine Shows

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 117-178

In its first several decades, Hollywood attracted religious audiences by producing significant appropriate product such as the moral melodramas of director D. W. Griffith and the conversion westerns like Essanay’s “Broncho” Billy. Films like the secular Kalem Studio’s From...

read more

Better Films

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 179-202

As nontheatrical church production waned and Hollywood’s productivity waxed, the church turned toward critiquing rather than creating film products. In response to the growing suspicion that Hollywood was the source of a creeping secularization, some church leaders joined...

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 203-224

By the late 1920s Hollywood executives were well aware of the religious milieu in which they sold their products; nevertheless they remained generally ignorant or dismissive of the theological and moral concerns of the Roman Catholic and Protestant constituency. In an apocryphal...


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 225-292


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 293-296


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 297-302

read more

About the Author

pdf iconDownload PDF
p. 303

Terry Lindvall occupies the endowed C. S. Lewis Chair of Communication and Christian Thought at Virginia Wesleyan College. He previously taught at Duke University School of Divinity, Regent University, and was the Walter Mason Fellow of Religious Studies at the...

E-ISBN-13: 9780814753231
E-ISBN-10: 081475323X
Print-ISBN-13: 9780814752104
Print-ISBN-10: 0814752101

Page Count: 352
Publication Year: 2007

OCLC Number: 794701134
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Sanctuary Cinema

Research Areas


UPCC logo

Subject Headings

  • Motion pictures in Christian education.
  • Silent films -- United States -- History and criticism.
  • Motion pictures -- Religious aspects -- Christianity.
  • Christian films -- United States -- History and criticism.
  • You have access to this content
  • Free sample
  • Open Access
  • Restricted Access