In this Book

NYU Press
summary

"This anthology is breathtaking in its geographic and temporal sweep."—Canadian Journal of History

The American media has recently "discovered" children's experiences in present-day wars. A week-long series on the plight of child soldiers in Africa and Latin America was published in Newsday and newspapers have decried the U.S. government's reluctance to sign a United Nations treaty outlawing the use of under-age soldiers. These and numerous other stories and programs have shown that the number of children impacted by war as victims, casualties, and participants has mounted drastically during the last few decades.

Although the scale on which children are affected by war may be greater today than at any time since the world wars of the twentieth century, children have been a part of conflict since the beginning of warfare. Children and War shows that boys and girls have routinely contributed to home front war efforts, armies have accepted under-aged soldiers for centuries, and war-time experiences have always affected the ways in which grown-up children of war perceive themselves and their societies.

The essays in this collection range from explorations of childhood during the American Revolution and of the writings of free black children during the Civil War to children's home front war efforts during World War II, representations of war and defeat in Japanese children's magazines, and growing up in war-torn Liberia. Children and War provides a historical context for two centuries of children's multi-faceted involvement with war.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-ix
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  1. Foreword
  2. pp. xi-xiii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xv-xvi
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-10
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  1. Memory and Meaning
  2. pp. 11-13
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  1. 1. Childhood, Memory, and the American Revolution
  2. pp. 15-25
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  1. 2. “After the War I Am Going to Put Myself a Sailor”: Geography,Writing, and Race in the Letters of Free Children of Color in Civil War New Orleans
  2. pp. 26-37
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  1. 3. Flowers of Evil: Mass Media, Child Psychology, and the Struggle for Russia’s Future during the First World War
  2. pp. 38-49
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  1. 4. Imagining Anzac: Children’s Memories of the Killing Fields of the Great War
  2. pp. 50-62
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  1. 5. Rescue and Trauma: Jewish Children and the Kindertransports during the Holocaust
  2. pp. 63-74
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  1. 6. Mama, Are We Going to Die? America’s Children Confront the Cuban Missile Crisis
  2. pp. 75-86
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  1. 7. Bereavement in a War Zone: Liberia in the 1990s
  2. pp. 87-98
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  1. Lessons and Literature
  2. pp. 99-101
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  1. 8. Representations of War and Martial Heroes in English Elementary School Reading and Rituals, 1885–1914
  2. pp. 103-115
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  1. 9. The Child in the Flying Machine: Childhood and Aviation in the First World War
  2. pp. 116-134
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  1. 10. World Friendship: Children, Parents, and Peace Education in America between the Wars
  2. pp. 135-146
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  1. 11. Ghosts and the Machine: Teaching Emiliano Zapata and the Mexican Revolution since 1921
  2. pp. 147-159
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  1. 12. Japanese Children and the Culture of Death, January–August 1945
  2. pp. 160-171
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  1. 13. The Antifascist Narrative: Memory Lessons in the Schools of the Soviet Occupation Zone, 1945–1949
  2. pp. 172-183
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  1. 14. Humanitarian Sympathy for Children in Times of War and the History of Children’s Rights, 1919–1959
  2. pp. 184-199
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  1. Actors and Victims
  2. pp. 201-203
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  1. 15. “These Unfortunate Children”: Sons and Daughters of the Regiment in Revolutionary and Napoleonic France
  2. pp. 205-215
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  1. 16. Children and the New Zealand Wars: An Exploration
  2. pp. 216-226
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  1. 17. Stolen Generations and Vanishing Indians: The Removal of Indigenous Children as a Weapon of War in the United States and Australia, 1870–1940
  2. pp. 227-241
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  1. 18. “Baptized in Blood”: Children in the Time of the Sandino Rebellion, Nicaragua, 1927–1934
  2. pp. 242-253
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  1. 19. “Too Young for a Uniform”: Children’s War Work on the Iowa Farm Front, 1941–1945
  2. pp. 254-265
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  1. 20. Against Their Will: The Use and Abuse of British Children during the Second World War
  2. pp. 266-278
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  1. 21. Innocent Victims and Heroic Defenders: Children and the Siege of Leningrad
  2. pp. 279-290
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  1. Epilogue
  2. pp. 291-293
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 295-301
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 303-307
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 309-313
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