Title Page

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Copyright

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Contents

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p. vii

Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

Introduction

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pp. 11-18

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1 “I Resided in Said CityEver Since”

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pp. 19-50

"In 1890, Caroline Cornelius (n

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2 “We Were Not as Particular inthe Old Days about GettingMarried as They Are Now”

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pp. 51-72

"Following the abolition of slavery in New York, blacks renegotiated their family situations and created stable units. Black women were resilient and worked hard to ensure the survival of the black family as well as the larger black community during a period of intensifying racial discrimination. As economic, social, and political forces continued..."

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3 “I Washed for My Living”

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pp. 73-101

"Following emancipation in New York, black women entered the wage-earning labor force in large numbers to support themselves, their families, and their community. Although only a few occupations were open to them, their position in the labor force allowed them to define themselves as freedwomen with their employers and within their..."

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4 “Idle Pleasures andFrivolous Amusements”

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pp. 103-117

"As black women flooded into the wage-earning sector in New York City, they sought ways to enjoy their few free hours. Economic and cultural changes opened the door to new activities for them after emancipation. Throughout the nineteenth century, black women carved out their own leisure activities and spaces within the city despite..."

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5 “They Turned Me Out ofMy House”

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pp. 119-138

"Race-based violence, including riots and racially motivated attacks, was rampant throughout nineteenth-century New York City.1 It was carried out primarily by white men against black men.2 There is evidence of racial animosity toward black men in New York City from their earliest days of freedom. This animosity had many sources, including resentment about slaves’ emancipation, workplace competition, and..."

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6 “We Should CultivateThose Powers”

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pp. 139-166

"Nineteenth-century New York City was a hotbed of black activism. During the antebellum era, African Americans battled the twin evils of northern racism and southern slavery. The community fought for the civil rights of all African Americans and believed that no black was truly free as long as the institution of slavery remained. Blacks..."

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Conclusion

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pp. 167-169

"In January 1883, the editors of the New York Globe argued that 'although twenty years have elapsed since emancipation colored men in some states, north as well as south, are even now subjected to the grossest indignities. They are refused admission to theaters and other places of amusement, unless they take seats in the corner designated..."

Notes

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pp. 171-216

Bibliography

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pp. 217-240

Index

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pp. 241-253

About the Author

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p. 255