Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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p. v

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Acknowledgements

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pp. vi-vii

This book grew out of an interest group at Oregon State University that came together out of a common concern with Native languages in the state of Oregon. Joseph Krause and Armelle Hofer were important members of this group, along with Joan Gross, Deanna Kingston...

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Language Notes

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p. viii

As with all unstandardized languages, the spelling of the names of Oregon Native languages varies. In addition, the same language is often referred to by different names and the names in English do...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-6

The United States of America began as a multilingual settler colony, but before European conquest multiple languages had interacted with each other within what are now the borders of the United States. A concerted effort to make the United States into a monolingual...

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Chapter One: Forging a Monolingual Country

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pp. 7-34

What became the state of Oregon, an area stretching south from the Columbia Gorge to the Siskiyous, and east from the Pacific over the Coastal Range and Cascades to the High Desert, was a land of many languages, each one encoding information about the land and how...

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Chapter Two: Resistance to Monolingualism: Reviving our Languages

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pp. 35-68

When the first Europeans arrived in Oregon, it appears that the most common Native response was curiosity and an interest in the new trade goods that the Europeans brought with them. As the numbers of newcomers increased, however, and they began imposing their way...

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Chapter Three: The Present Climate for Native Language Education

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pp. 69-93

Though often inconspicuous, language plays an exceedingly important role in every educational program and strategy, from the federal policies that shape curricula to the individual classroom interactions between teachers and students, and every step in between...

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Chapter Four: The History and Context of Oregon Tribal Language Archival Collections

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pp. 94-116

In this chapter, we focus on the archival collections of Oregon Native American language materials and the historical context of their creation. It is due to this history that many of these collections are not located in the state of Oregon, and it is only through the efforts...

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Chapter Five: Best Practices in Language Teaching

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pp. 117-146

This chapter approaches language-revitalization efforts from an applied-linguistics perspective. Applied linguistics is an academic field of study in which researchers explore ways that linguistic theory can help address real-world concerns. Among the issues...

Conclusion

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pp. 147-149

Appendix: Primary Repositories for Oregon Native American Language Materials

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pp. 150-153

Notes

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pp. 155-158

Bibliography

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pp. 159-165

Index

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pp. 166-168