Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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p. vii

List of Tables

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p. ix

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

Comparative and historical political science requires the help of librarians. In this case, the librarians who made this research possible were at the University of California at Berkeley, the Archives Generales du Royaume de Belgique, the Bibliothèque Nationale de Belgique, the Paul Hymans Center of the Belgian Liberal Party, ...

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1. Origins of Liberalism: Concepts and Explanations

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pp. 1-24

One of the most fundamental political transitions in Europe in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries is the emergence of liberalism as a movement for political reform. Liberalism decisively influenced the change from absolutist regimes to constitutional forms of government. Under pressure from liberal reformers, ...

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2. Successful Reform and Conditional Defeat in Belgium

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pp. 25-44

The experience of Belgian liberalism challenges the commonly held view that advanced economic development and a middle-class society fully account for the success of liberalism. Belgium had the conditions thought to be favorable to the creation and maintenance of liberal institutions: early industrial development, ...

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3. Failed Reform and Contested Victory in France

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pp. 45-64

France had an intermediate outcome with respect to the fate of liberal parties and type of regime. Liberal reforms in the elite phase of politics were not sustained even though they took place within an environment that in many ways favored liberal outcomes. In 1815 Louis XVIII agreed to set out the framework of his rule ...

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4. Failed Reform and Co-opted Defeat in Germany

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pp. 65-86

Why have liberal parties in Germany been weak? The signs of weakness were hard to dispute. Conservative monarchs prevailed when liberals pushed for constitutionalism and parliamentary governance in the German states in the Revolutions of 1830 and 1848 and in the constitutional crises of the 1860s. ...

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5. Successful Reform and Supremacy in Switzerland

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pp. 87-114

Liberal dominance in Switzerland was unmatched anywhere on the Continent. Liberals began to control governments in the largest cantons of Switzerland in 1829-31 and extended this predominance to the federal level in 1848. The Radical party, Switzerland's mainstream liberal party, received more votes than any other party ...

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6. Religious Institutions, Reform Dynamics, and Liberalism

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pp. 115-132

The argument of this book is that church and state institutions have to be brought back into our understanding of the origins of liberal regimes. Church and state institutions shaped the types of strategies adopted by religious actors toward emerging liberal movements, determined whether and how liberal parties acquired broad-based support ...

Bibliography

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pp. 133-150

Index

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pp. 151-159