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Constituent Interests and U.S. Trade Policies
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The contributors to this volume, economists and political scientists from academic institutions, the private sector, and the Ways and Means Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives, came together to discuss an important topic in the formation of U.S. international trade policy: the representation of constituent interests. In the resulting volume they address the objectives of groups who participate in the policy process and examine how each group's interests are identified and promoted. They look at what means are used for these purposes, and the extent to which the groups' objectives and behavior conform to how the political economy of trade policy is treated in the economic and political science literature. Further, they discuss how effective each group has been. Each of the book's five parts offers a coherent view of important components of the topic. Part I provides an overview of the normative and political economy approaches to the modeling of trade policies. Part 2 discusses the context of U.S. trade policies. Part 3 deals with the role of sectoral producing interests, including the relationship of trade policy to auto, steel, textile, semiconductor, aircraft, and financial services. Part 4 examines other constituent interests, including the environment, human rights, and the media. Part 5 provides commentary on such issues as the challenges that trade policy poses for the new administration and the 105th Congress. The volume ultimately offers important and more finely articulated questions on how trade policy is formed and implemented. Contributors are Robert E. Baldwin, Jagdish Bhagwati, Douglas A. Brook, Richard O. Cunningham, Jay Culbert, Alan V. Deardorff, I. M. Destler, Daniel Esty, Geza Feketekuty, Harry Freeman, John D. Greenwald, Gene Grossman, Richard L. Hall, Jutta Hennig, John H. Jackson, James A. Levinsohn, Mustafa Mohatarem, Robert Pahre, Richard C. Porter, Gary R. Saxonhouse, Robert E. Scott, T. N. Srinivasan, Robert M. Stern, Joe Stroud, John Sweetland, Raymond Waldmann, Marina v.N. Whitman, and Bruce Wilson. Alan V. Deardorff and Robert M. Stern are Professors of Economics and Public Policy, University of Michigan.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
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  1. Preface and Acknowledgments
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  1. Contents
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  1. Keynote Address, Foster Library, November 8, 1996
  2. pp. 1-5
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  1. Part I. Introduction and Overview
  2. p. 7
  1. 1. Introduction
  2. pp. 9-27
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  1. 2. An Overview of the Modeling of the Choices and Consequences of U.S. Trade Policies
  2. pp. 29-61
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  1. Part II. The Context of U.S. Trade Policies
  2. p. 63
  1. 3. U.S. Trade Policies: The Role of the Executive Branch
  2. pp. 65-91
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  1. 4. Congress, Constituencies, and U.S. Trade Policy
  2. pp. 93-119
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  1. Part III. Sectoral Producing Interests: Industry/Labor
  2. p. 121
  1. 5. Trade Policy and the U.S. Auto Industry: Intended and Unintended Consequences
  2. pp. 123-132
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  1. 6. Steel: Trade Policy in a Changed Environment
  2. pp. 133-144
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  1. 7. U.S. Trade Policies for the Textile and Apparel Industries: The Political Economy of the Post-MFA Environment
  2. pp. 145-160
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  1. 8. The Representation of Economic Interests in U.S. Semiconductor Trade Policy
  2. pp. 161-172
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  1. 9. U.S. Trade Policy vis-a-vis the Aircraft Industry
  2. pp. 173-181
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  1. 10. The Role of Constituents in U.S. Policy Development towards Trade in Financial Services
  2. pp. 183-197
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  1. Part IV. Other Constituent Interests
  2. p. 199
  1. 11. Environmentalists and Trade Policy making
  2. pp. 201-223
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  1. 12. Trade and Human Rights
  2. pp. 225-262
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  1. 13. Trade Law and Trade Policy: The Advocate's Perspective
  2. pp. 263-297
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  1. 14. Trade Policy and the Media
  2. pp. 299-309
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  1. 15. Constituent Representation: Exploring the Context of the Key Policy Questions, Some Preliminary Observations
  2. pp. 311-316
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  1. 16. U.S. Trade and Trade Policy: Challenges for the New Administration
  2. pp. 317-322
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  1. 17. Trade and the 105th Congress: Overview
  2. pp. 323-326
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  1. Contributors and Conference Participants
  2. pp. 327-330
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