Contents

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List of Figures

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pp. xiii-xiv

List of Tables

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pp. xv-xvi

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Preface and Acknowledgments

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pp. xvii-xix

In the spring of 2004, visiting Vienna, the capital of my homeland Austria, my wife and I found ourselves one Saturday morning in one of the magnificent market squares, where a rainbow of people made of different races, religions, languages, and any other conceivable difference were offering their wares. ...

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1. Introduction

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pp. 1-13

"I want to be a millionaire” was the sentence the U.S. immigration official asked me to write. I scribbled it on a piece of paper and handed it over to the representative of the state, who studiously compared my production with the sentence that appeared on her computer screen. ...

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2. A Primordial Challenge to the Welfare State?

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pp. 14-51

The history of the welfare state is a history of political economy within fixed national borders. By the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth, nations had been made, sometimes through processes of federation, as in the case of Belgium, but...

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3. The Politics of Resentment: Xenophobia and the Welfare State

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pp. 52-92

With the establishment of the modern welfare state, the status of “citizen” came to define those who are eligible for social protection and those who are not. As a result, this sharp distinction, which significantly affects the life chances of many of its inhabitants, represents the hard border that distinguishes those who belong to the community...

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4. Trust in Diverse Societies

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pp. 93-133

The foray into the origins of primordial attachments suggested that there is a direct relationship between diversity and outcomes such as the extent of the welfare state, societal order, or the quality of democracy. ...

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5. Welfare State Regimes as a Regimen for Building Trust?: Contextualizing Attitudes

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pp. 134-162

A central finding in the last chapter was that at the individual level people with high universal trust supported the welfare state more than people with high primordial trust. In addition, the effects of nativist resentment on welfare state support were significantly mediated by universal trust. ...

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6. To Belong or Not to Belong: Incorporation and Integration Policies in Modern Welfare States

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pp. 163-199

From the perspective of policymakers, the findings in chapter 5 are extremely relevant: the more decommodifying national systems of welfare provision are the lower are the levels of welfare chauvinism among natives. ...

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7. The Politics of Immigration and the Welfare State in Germany, Sweden, and the United States

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pp. 200-249

This chapter will employ a “most similar systems design” by examining Sweden, Germany, and the United States. They are most similar in that they all are developed, affluent, democratic, and “modern” societies. ...

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8. Conclusions

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pp. 250-261

The resurgence of primordial arguments in academic discourse on the welfare state is not accidental. Once the dust had settled after the implosion of the Soviet empire the ragged shapes of ethnic conflicts that hid in the shadows of the cold war became visible again. ...

Notes

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pp. 263-273

References

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pp. 275-292

Index

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pp. 293-301