In this Book

Triumph of the Expert
summary
The most striking feature of British colonialism in the twentieth century was the confidence it expressed in the use of science and expertise, especially when joined with the new bureaucratic capacities of the state, to develop natural and human resources of the empire.Triumph of the Expert is a history of British colonial doctrine and its contribution to the emergence of rural development and environmental policiesin the late colonial and postcolonial period. Joseph Morgan Hodge examines the way that development as a framework of ideas and institutional practicesemerged out of the strategic engagement between science and the state at the climax of the British Empire. Hodge looks intently at the structural constraints, bureaucratic fissures, and contradictory imperatives that beset and ultimately overwhelmed the late colonial development mission in sub-Saharan Africa, south and southeast Asia, and the Caribbean.Triumph of the Expert seeks to understand the quandaries that led up to the important transformation in British imperial thought and practice and the intellectual and administrative legacies it left behind.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
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  1. List of Illustrations
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. List of Tables
  2. p. ix
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. List of Abbreviations
  2. pp. xiii-xiv
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  1. Introduction: Expertise, Development, and the State at the Climax of Empire
  2. pp. 1-20
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  1. 1. Setting the Terms of the Debate: Science, the State, and the “New Imperialism”
  2. pp. 21-53
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  1. 2. Developing the “Imperial Estate”: Early Patronage and Pessimism for Colonial Scientific Research and Technical Assistance, 1895–1914
  2. pp. 54-89
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  1. 3. Science for Development: The Expansion of Colonial Agricultural Research and Advisory Networks, 1914–35
  2. pp. 90-116
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  1. 4. The “Human Side” of Development: Trusteeship and the Turn to “Native” Health and Education, 1918–35
  2. pp. 117-143
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  1. 5. View from the Field: Rethinking Colonial Agricultural and Medical Knowledge between the Wars, 1920–40
  2. pp. 144-178
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  1. 6. View from Above: The Consolidation of Knowledge and the Reorganization of the Colonial Office, 1935–45
  2. pp. 179-206
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  1. 7. Triumph of the Expert: Development, Environment, and the “Second Colonial Occupation,” 1945–60
  2. pp. 207-253
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  1. Conclusion Postcolonial Consultants, Agrarian Doctrines of Development, and the Legacies of Late Colonialism
  2. pp. 254-276
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 277-360
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 361-394
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 395-402
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