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Contents

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Illustrations

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pp. xi-xii

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Series Editor’s Preface

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pp. xiii-xiv

Although the topic of Rome’s Most Faithful Daughter: The Catholic Church and Independent Poland, 1914–1939, might seem to some readers fairly specialized and even arcane, Professor Neal Pease’s study of church-state affairs in interwar Poland is an original, engaging, and important examination of this central dimension of political and social affairs. Pease ...

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Preface

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pp. xv-xviii

My wife Ewa and I happened to be living temporarily in Warsaw in June 1979, when the newly elected Pope John Paul II made his epochal first pilgrimage to his homeland. That experience, unforgettable on many levels, instilled in me an abiding interest in the role of the Catholic Church in the history of Poland. As time went on, I became struck by the scarcity of ...

Abbreviations

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pp. xix-xx

Guide to Pronunciation

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pp. xxi-xxii

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1. Polonia Restituta: The Catholic Church and the Revival of Poland

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pp. 1-29

The formal resumption of Polish statehood in modern times began in church. On February 9, 1919, not quite three months after its inception, the government of the fledgling Second Polish Republic marked the convocation of its first parliament, or Sejm, in Warsaw with an inaugural Roman Catholic high mass, reviving the custom of the bygone commonwealth ...

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2. Il Papa Polacco: The Making of Pius XI, 1918-1922

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pp. 30-53

As the First World War entered its last months in 1918, the Vatican knew only two things for certain regarding the future of the Catholic Church in central and eastern Europe: that the antebellum order would be transformed beyond recognition, and that some sort of sovereign Poland would return to the map after its lengthy absence. Indeed, thanks to the ...

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3. From Constitution to Concordat, 1921-1925

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pp. 54-76

The beginnings of normal political conditions in interwar Poland, or at least their approximation, had to await the end of the chaotic formative phase of independence, and so it was with the relationship of the Second Republic with the Roman Catholic Church at home and abroad. Not until the restored Rzeczpospolita had ensured its survival and more or ...

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4. Papal Blessing: Church and State in the Piłsudski Era, 1926–1935

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pp. 77-100

For nearly the first decade of the Second Polish Republic, the triangular relationship of institutions that determined the ties of church and state had operated according to familiar and predictable patterns. First, the government of Poland functioned as an unsteady, raucous parliamentary democracy that passed the baton of authority from one ineffectual cabinet ...

images

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pp. 101-108

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5. The Friends and Enemies of Catholic Poland

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pp. 109-131

In 1927 G. K. Chesterton numbered Poland among a few “certain things in this world that are at once intensely loved and intensely hated.” These were things, he said, “of a strong character and either very good or very bad.”1 As one who loved Poland and indeed thought her very good, Chesterton wrote these words as an attempt to explain her to an uncomprehending ...

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6. Vilna and Lw

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pp. 132-148

One of the many complications of life in interwar Poland, where the terms “Catholic” and “Pole” were widely regarded as synonyms, was that not all of its Catholics were Poles. The Catholic population of the western two-thirds of the country was almost entirely Polish, but in the northeast some eighty thousand Lithuanians, overwhelmingly Latin Catholic, dwelt ...

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7. Poland, the Orthodox, and the Conversion of Russia

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pp. 149-172

In 1917, as the world war continued to ravage Europe, several things happened that, taken together, foreshadowed the most ambitious and complex theme of the relationship between Poland and Catholicism during the two decades that followed. On May 13, three Portuguese shepherd children received the first of what many came to believe were a series...

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8. Post Mortem: Pilsudski Lies Uneasy in the Grave

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pp. 173-193

When Marshal JÓZEF PIŁSUDSKI died on May 12, 1935, the ninth anniversary of his rebellion that had brought him to power, the life also went out of the Polish regime that had based its claim to legitimacy on the mortal foundations of his personal authority and leadership. During the few years of peace left to the Second Republic, the mediocrities who ruled Poland as ...

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9. Oratio pro Pace: Pius XII and the Coming of the Second World War

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pp. 194-218

In 1932 G. K. Chesterton, the foremost Catholic publicist of his day, predicted that the most terrible war in human history would break out before long on the frontier of the Second Polish Republic he lauded as the bulwark and hope of Christendom.1 Seven years later his prophecy came true, visiting ruin upon the country and plunging Europe into a nightmare ...

Notes

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pp. 219-264

Bibliography

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pp. 265-282

Index

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pp. 283-288