In this Book

In the Balance of Power
summary
With the presidential election looming, the “black vote” has been deemed a crucial portion of the electorate. Historically, most black voters have aligned themselves with one of the two major parties—the Republican Party from the time of the Civil War to the New Deal; and, since the New Deal, and especially since the height of the modern civil rights movement, the Democratic Party.

However, as In the Balance of Power convincingly demonstrates, African Americans have long been part of independent political movements and have used third parties to advance some of the most important changes in the United States, notably the abolition of slavery, the extension of voting rights, and the advancement of civil rights.

Since the early nineteenth century, there has been an undercurrent of political independence among African Americans. They helped develop the Liberty Party in the 1840s, and have continued to work with third parties to challenge the policies of the two major parties. But despite the legal gains of the modern civil rights movement, elements of Jim Crow remain deeply embedded in our electoral process.

In the Balance of Power presents a history and analysis of African American third-party movements that can help us better understand the growing diversity among black voters today.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Contents
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  1. Foreword
  2. pp. ix-xii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-8
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  1. one. Declarations of Independence
  2. pp. 9-26
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  1. two. Abolitionism, the Liberty Party, and Free Soil
  2. pp. 27-53
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  1. three. Republicans, Reconstruction, and Fusion
  2. pp. 54-73
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  1. four. Black Populism and the “Negro Party”
  2. pp. 74-100
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  1. five. Black Communists, Socialists, and Nationalists
  2. pp. 101-133
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  1. six. Civil Rights, Black Power, and Independent Politics
  2. pp. 134-161
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  1. epilogue. The Black and Independent Alliance in 2008
  2. pp. 162-168
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. 169-170
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  1. Appendix: Recent Articles
  2. pp. 171-172
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 173-218
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 219-236
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 237-244
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