We cannot verify your location
Browse Book and Journal Content on Project MUSE

Millennial Ecuador

Critical Essays on Cultural Transformations and Social Dynamics

Jr. Norman E. Whitten

Publication Year: 2003

In the past decade, Ecuador has seen five indigenous uprisings, the emergence of the powerful Pachakutik political movement, and the strengthening of the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador and the Association of Black Ecuadorians, all of which have contributed substantially to a new constitution proclaiming the country to be “multiethnic and multicultural.” Furthermore, January 2003 saw the inauguration of a new populist president, who immediately appointed two indigenous persons to his cabinet. In this volume, eleven critical essays plus a lengthy introduction and a timely epilogue explore the multicultural forces that have allowed Ecuador's indigenous peoples to have such dramatic effects on the nation's political structure.

Published by: University of Iowa Press


pdf iconDownload PDF

Title Page, Copyright

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. iii-iv


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. v-vi

read more

Notes on Orthography, Pronunciation, and Acronymns

pdf iconDownload PDF
p. vii

Quichua orthography is close to that of Spanish, with some exceptions: [w] is used instead of [gu] or [hu] as in wasi (house) except when the word is widely recognized by its Spanish spelling, as in ayahuasca (soul vine). This is to facilitate correct pronunciation by English readers and speakers. Unless diacritics are added, emphasis...

read more

Preface and Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. ix-xvii

Millennial Ecuador became visible worldwide on January 21, 2000, when thousands of indigenous and nonindigenous peoples from all over the republic “took” the Legislative Palace in Quito, the country’s capital. There, in the democratic heart, soul, and cerebrum of the nation, portals of power were opened to them by the Heroes...

read more

1. Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 1-45

The coup of January 21, and the symbolism of respect for diversity that it condensed, epitomizes the drama that marks millennial Ecuador. At 10:00 a.m. Friday morning, January 21, 2000, on a signal from the national police, the armed forces guarding the empty Legislative Palace in Quito pulled back from the doorways and allowed...

read more

2. The Modern Political Transformation of the Secoya

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 46-74

Since the 1970s, the small Secoya population of northeastern Ecuador has been transformed from an invisible minority into a recognized political entity on the provincial, national, and international scenes. This transformation has seen the Secoya move from scattered and autonomous settlements to a centralized political system...

read more

3. Haunting the Present: Five Colonial Legacies for the New Millennium

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 75-101

The Republic of Ecuador has been politically independent for approximately 170 years. By contrast, the Kingdom of Quito, its colonial antecedent, was subject to Spanish rule for much longer, almost three centuries. Thus, Ecuador has been a nation-state for roughly half as long as it was a colony. Given this fact, one might expect to encounter...

read more

4. The Catholic Church, Ritual, and Power in Salasaca

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 102-128

Many years ago there was a drought in the province of Tungurahua. The people of Salasaca gathered together, bringing maize beer, mote (hominy), drums (bombos) and flutes (quenas), and ceramic vessels full of water to pour onto the sacred mountain Quinchi Urcu. It was like a minga (collective work force) in which each person had to...

read more

5. Purgatory, Protestantism, and Peonage: Napo Runa Evangelicals and the Domestication of the Masculine Will

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 129-153

There is considerable variation in the cultural dynamics and political processes in cases of native Amazonians incorporating Christian identities. Donald K. Pollock (1993:166, 191) has written that one main feature of the native Amazonian Christianity is its “rarity” and association by indigenous peoples as being “the problem, not the solution”...

read more

6. The Devil and Development in Esmeraldas: Cosmology as a System of Critical Thought

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 154-183

Western Christian cosmology is often portrayed as divided into a secular and sacred earth system, with hell below, heaven above, and, in some systems, purgatory as a mediating sector between the earth and heaven (e.g., Corr, this volume; Uzendoski, this volume). Afro-Esmeraldian people of northwest Ecuador have reworked this system to make...

read more

7. Return of the Yumbo: The Caminata from Amazonia to Andean Quito

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 184-215

On April 24, 1992, the phone rang in the Whittens’ home in Urbana, Illinois. “¿Causanguichu gumba?” (Are you living, compadre?), asked Marcelo Santi Simbaña, our longtime indigenous associate in Amazonian Ecuador. He went on to say, “We are here in Quito;...

read more

8. Indigenous Destiny in Indigenous Hands

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 216-241

This chapter is based on the life and activities of Dr. Luis Alberto Macas Ambuludí, who became Ecuador’s minister of agriculture on January 15, 2003. He was an early participant in the development of national literacy and bilingual education programs in Ecuador. He participated in the founding of CONAIE and served as its president between...

read more

9. Actors and Artists from Amazonia and the Andes

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 242-274

While residing in Amazonian Ecuador during 1972 and 1973, Norman and Dorothea (“Sibby”) Whitten were asked by the director of the Museums of the Central Bank of Ecuador, Hernán Crespo Toral, to make a large collection of indigenous-made artifacts for the museum in Quito. In return, we were given permission to take home a sizable...

read more

10. Tigua Migrant Communities and the Possibilities for Autonomy among Urban Ind

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 275-295

Achieving political-territorial autonomy has become a foundational principle of indigenous movements in Ecuador, Colombia, Mexico, and elsewhere in Latin America. Fighting for the right to shape their economies, cultures, and politics according to their values within their own communities and towns, indigenous people claim space,...

read more

11. Racist Stereotypes and the Embodiment of Blackness: Some Narratives of Female Sexuality in Quito

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 296-324

In this chapter, I focus on the way sexuality, a fundamental aspect of identities, has been negotiated and renegotiated by Afro-Ecuadorian women within what I call the Ecuadorian “racial-spatial order” from the perspective of the particular local context of Quito at the end of the 1990s. The premise is that identities are multiple, multifaceted, and...

read more

12. Mothers of the Patria: La Chola Cuencana and La Mama Negra

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 325-354

On Friday, May 30, 1997, a Listserv catering to expatriate Ecuadorian professionals received an enthusiastic e-mail from one of its members in the United States with the heading, “Desde Flushing, NY.” Upon entering a park frequented by immigrants on a Sunday afternoon, Luis Franco had suddenly found himself immersed in familiar sights, sounds...

read more

13. Epilogue

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 355-373

The gala Ceremony of Hope to celebrate the inauguration of President Lucio Edwin Guti

Appendix: General Information on Ecuador

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 375-387


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 389-398


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 399-401


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 403-417

E-ISBN-13: 9781587294488
E-ISBN-10: 1587294486
Print-ISBN-13: 9780877458647
Print-ISBN-10: 0877458642

Page Count: 437
Publication Year: 2003

Edition: 1

OCLC Number: 56109483
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Millennial Ecuador

Research Areas


UPCC logo

Subject Headings

  • Indians of South America -- Ecuador -- Politics and government.
  • Ecuador -- Politics and government.
  • Indians of South America -- Ecuador -- Social conditions.
  • Ecuador -- Social conditions.
  • Ecuador -- Race relations.
  • Indigenous peoples -- Ecuador -- Politics and government.
  • Ecuador -- Social policy.
  • Indigenous peoples -- Ecuador -- Social conditions.
  • Indigenous peoples -- Ecuador -- Government relations.
  • Indians of South America -- Ecuador -- Government relations.
  • You have access to this content
  • Free sample
  • Open Access
  • Restricted Access