Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Frontmatter

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. -

List of Illustrations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-

Several skilled reference librarians and historians helped me accumulate the material for this book. They include the redoubtable Michael P. Musick of the National Archives; Ham Dozier and Frances Pollard of the Virginia Historical Society; Jeffrey Edmunds, Barbara Pratt Willis, Ann Haley, Sue Willis, Jane Kosa, and Holly SchemmerCentral Rappahannock Regional Li-...

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-6

“I beseech you,” Douglas Southall Freeman said a few days before his death in an address to some avid battlefield tourers, “give us what we do not now have but long have needed, namely, a meteorological register of the War Between the States.” The powerful impact of weather upon military operations suggested to Freeman...

read more

Chapter 1. 1860

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 7-12

A Washington diarist recorded her thoughts on the capital city’s weather onseveral October days. October 3: “Delightful day, atmosphere very bracing.”4th: “Clear and cold.” 5th: “Raining slightly.” 24th: “Heavy frost last night,fear some of our flowers were injured.” 26th: “Delightfully mild today.” 31st: A weather station reporting from Virginia’s capital city provides steady...

read more

Chapter 2. 1861

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 13-42

The New Year dawned in Washington clear, but “growing colder every minute.” Rain fell all night on the 2nd and into the morning of the 3rd. On January 8, which was “snowing and raining,” a woman in D.C. grumbled:“ We have had a great deal of damp and gloomy weather this winter.”...

read more

Chapter 3. 1862

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 43-80

One of the war’s military operations in Virginia most affected by weather began on January 1, when General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson pushed west from Winchester toward Romney on “a bright, warm day, with a touchof spring in the air.” A diarist a few miles ...

read more

Chapter 4. 1863

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 81-114

The new year dawned in Richmond under gloomy skies, but they quickly gave way to sun that “beamed forth in great splendor.” On January 16 it had been “blowing a gale for two days,” and the “bitter cold” night of the 17th left “everything . . . frozen” in the Confederate capital city. Rain “fell in torrents”on the night of the 20th and continued the next day with “a violent storm of...

read more

Chapter 5. 1864

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 115-146

Richmond opened the new year with “a bright windy day, and not cold.” The temperature plummeted late on January 1, and the night became “bitter.” On January 2 the morning dawned “bright and clear, and moderating.” After a“dark and threatening” 4th, the 5th proved to be a “bright, pleasant day.” When “a light snow” fell on Richmond on the 7th it was...

read more

Chapter 6. 1865

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 147-160

The first day of 1865 came in “very cold” in Richmond, “and the ground is covered with snow. . . . Freezing cold weather.” On January 4, “magnificent sunshine” reflected off a blanket of snow, making Richmond “very beautifulbut not very pleasant.” The next day more “lovely . . . bright sunshine” melted the snow and made “the roads . . . very slippery.” The 7th and 8th both...

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 161-178