Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Frontmatter

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-ix

Figures and Tables

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. x-xii

read more

Foreword

pdf iconDownload PDF

p. xiii

Science, and our understanding of past human societies, does not advance gradually and uniformly across a broad front of inquiry. Rather the advance occurs as rapid and exciting expansions in some areas along the front while in other areas nothing much may happen for long periods of time. Researchers who move into these areas of rapid advance, ...

read more

Preface

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xv-xviii

This book had its genesis in a symposium held to honor the recipient of the Fryxell Award for Interdisciplinary Research during the Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology in Pittsburgh in 1992. In that year the award went to Richard A. Yarnell of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. A graduate of the Depart ...

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-9

When Richard Yarnell's dissertation was published as Aboriginal Relationships Between Culture and Plant Life in the Upper Great Lakes Region in the University of Michigan Museum of Anthropology's Anthropological Papers Series in 1964, archaeological evidence for prehistoric plant use was still relatively limited in quality and quantity. Although ...

Part I: The Archaeological Record of Plant Domestication and Utilization

read more

1. The Shaping of Modern Paleoethnobotany

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 13-22

By "modern" I mean the past thirty years, a period that covers the widespread adoption of flotation/water separation systems for obtaining archaeobotanical remains and the emergence of a generation of paleoethnobotanists who are also anthropologists and archaeologists. This same period is coeval with Dick Yarnell's career, and many members of ...

read more

2. New Perspectives on the Paleoethnobotany of the Newt Kash Shelter

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 23-41

On December 17, 1935, William S. Webb of the University of Kentucky shipped a package to the Ethnobotanical Laboratory at the University of Michigan. Volney Jones, then an assistant to the Laboratory's director, Melvin Gilmore, eagerly...

read more

3. A Three-Thousand-Year-Old Cache of Crop Seeds from Marble Bluff, Arkansas

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 42-62

Approximately 3,000 years ago, at least one group of people living in the southern Ozarks chose a dry crevice in a rockshelter beside a small stream, today called Mill Creek, as a storage place for seed stock. The bags of seeds they buried in the crevice demonstrate that, in addition to whatever wild plants and animals these people ate, a portion of their ...

read more

4. Evolutionary Changes Associated with the Domestication of Cucurbita pepo: Evidence from Eastern Kentucky

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 63-85

Thanks to the "flotation revolution:' the broad outline of the evolution of field agriculture in eastern North America is arguably the best such record in the world (Cowan and Watson 1992; Smith 1992). The past two decades, for example, have seen the formal identification of two extinct domesticates...

read more

5. Anthropogenesis in Prehistoric Northeastern Japan

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 86-103

Paleoethnobotany in Japan has a relatively young history, especially with respect to intensive flotation sampling and interpretation of resulting data in the context of culture historical, processual, and other issues. Today, nearly fifty sites from a variety of periods have been examined by a handful of researchers using flotation. Recovery of plant ...

Part II: Plant Resources, Human Communities, and Anthropogenic Landscapes

read more

6. Between Farmstead and Center: The Natural and Social Landscape of Moundville

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 107-122

Between A.D. 900 and 1650 the Black Warrior Valley of Alabama was the setting for dramatic cultural changes. This period encompassed the emergence, florescence, and dissolution of the Moundville polity. At the beginning of the period, the valley was inhabited by people who lived in egalitarian communities and relied on foraging and small-scale...

read more

7. An Evolutionary Ecology Perspective on Djet Choice, Risk, and Plant Domestication

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 123-160

Most models of plant domestication and the origins of agriculture assign causal primacy to one or more generalized, normative1 variables (or "prime movers"; summary in Redding 1988:57-60). Examples are population, climate change affecting resource abundance or distribution, technological innovation, and energy-extraction efficiency...

read more

8. The Ecological Structure and Behavioral Implications of Mast Exploitation Strategies

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 161-178

The native nuts of the Eastern Woodlands have long been recognized to have been important foods of prehistoric Native Americans. Early descriptions of Native American diet in the Eastern Woodlands inevitably mention nuts. For example, during the De Soto entrada, "walnuts" (presumably thick-shelled hickories...

read more

9. Changing Strategies of Indian Field Location in the Early Historic Southeast

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 179-194

During the historic period, from the mid-sixteenth century to the early nineteenth century, Indian societies of southeastern North America adjusted to changing epidemiological, demographic, political, technological, and social circumstances that developed in the course of European conquest and colonization. Native American adaptive responses ...

read more

10. Interregional Patterns of Land Use and Plant Management in Native North America

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 195-216

The landscape of North American archaeology has been dominated by regional perspectives, chronologies, and cultural and environmental reconstructions. Lack of interregional comparisons has hampered our understanding of pan-North American developments and events. By comparing land-use...

References Cited

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 217-259

Contributors

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 261-264

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 265-271