Cover

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Title Page

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Copyright

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Contents

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p. vii

List of Tables

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pp. xiii-ix

List of Maps

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p. x

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-xiii

I began working part time at the Linguistic Atlas of the Middle and South Atlantic States (LAMSAS) in the summer of 1987, following my first year of graduate studies at the University of Georgia. I knew very little about dialectology, but by the end of the first two weeks, my head was already full of potential research projects based on this huge...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-4

This is the report of a project designed to measure change and variation in the lexicon by contrasting data collected in the mid-1930s with comparable data collected in 1990. It is a broad study, spread across 62,500 square miles and encompassing 78 speakers with birthdates ranging from 1847 to 1959. Responses to one hundred and fifty different...

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1. Collection and Categorization of the Data

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pp. 5-28

The conclusions of this project are based on an examination of two sets of data: one collected in the late 1930s as part of the Linguistic Atlas of the Middle and South Atlantic States (LAMSAS), and one collected by the present researcher in 1990. These sets include pairs of informants matched according to personal characteristics and living in the...

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2. Variation

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pp. 29-60

The 150 questions from the LAMSAS worksheets yielded 1,007 variants, while the 1990 interviews produced 1,402 different terms, an average of 6.7 and 9.4 different responses, respectively, for each linguistic variable. This tremendous amount of variety in the speech of only 78 informants underscores the richness and complexity of language...

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3. Change

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pp. 61-78

This study is unusual among sociolinguistic analyses because of its time span. Few variationist research projects have had truly comparable data spanning nearly sixty years available for analysis. Real time studies have an advantage over studies using change in apparent time (across age groups), since they do not have to rely on other sources of...

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4. Culture and the Lexicon

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pp. 79-113

The lexicon of a language tells the story of the culture of those who speak the language. Jaberg and Jud, who came to the United States to train fieldworkers for the Linguistic Atlas of the U.S. and Canada project (of which LAMSAS is a part), were proponents of a research interest focused on W

Appendix 1: Biographical Sketches

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pp. 115-136

Appendix 2: Variants Associated with Regional or Social Groups

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pp. 137-145

Appendix 3: Variants Exhibiting Diachronic Change

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pp. 146-152

Appendix 4: Tallies and Selected Commentary

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pp. 153-284

Appendix 5: Index of Variants by Question Number

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pp. 285-293

References

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pp. 294-302

Index

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pp. 303-318