The Southern Frontier 1670-1732
Publication Year: 2004
A classic resource on the struggle for dominance in southern North America during the colonial period.
This volume recounts the clashes and intrigues that played out over the landscape of the Old Southwest and across six decades as the Spanish, French, British, and ultimately Americans vied for control. Rivalry began soon after initial discovery, mapping, and exploration as the world powers, particularly England and France, competed for control of the lucrative fur trade in the Mississippi valley. The French attempted to establish trade networks stretching from the Atlantic Ocean inland to the Mississippi River and northward from ports on the Gulf of Mexico to the Ohio River. But they found the British already entrenched there.
Verner Crane guides us through this multinational struggle and navigates the border wars and diplomatic intrigues that played crucial roles in the settlement of the South by Euro-Americans. In his new introduction, Steven Hahn places the work in the context of its time, sketches its publication history, and provides biographical information on Crane.
Published by: The University of Alabama Press
The title of this book has its warrant in contemporary usage. For thus was described in many eighteenth-century documents the peculiar situation of South Carolina, prior to the founding of Georgia and even long after, as a border province fronting Florida and Louisiana. But the term had Old World connotations not altogether applicable to the case. No map-maker could define this frontier with...
INTRODUCTION TO 2004 EDITION
The occasion still burns fresh in my memory. I was a first-semester history graduate student about to embark on my first bona fide research paper on a topic of my choosing. Interested in pursuing a subject on Native Americans in the early colonial South, I scanned the library stacks for the published collections of colonial-era documents that were...
CHAPTER I: FIRST CONTACTS WITH THE SPANISH AND THE INDIANS
In April, 1670, some one hundred and fifty colonists from England and Barbados disembarked at the mouth of Ashley River. They were the first permanent settlers of South Carolina, the pioneers in a new zone of English colonial expansion and of international conflict, the southern frontier...
CHAPTER II: CAROLINIAN EXPANSION IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY
The two decades from the Westo affair to the outbreak of Queen Anne's War saw but meagre growth in the area of settlement in South Carolina, or in the number of planters. In 1700 the population of the province was a scant five thousand, mostly living within a few miles of Charles Town, though now the Port Royal region was also attracting settlers...
CHAPTER III: THE MISSISSIPPI QUESTION, 1697-1702
The exploits of Thomas Welch and his fellow traders might have passed unnoted outside of Carolina, but for developments in the larger world which gave to Carolinian expansion a special significance in the unfolding of the Anglo-French conflict for the North American continent...
CHAPTER IV: THE SOUTHERN FRONTIER IN QUEEN ANNE'S WAR
In America, as in Europe, at the beginning of the eighteenth century a rupture seemed inevitable between England and the Bourbon monarchies. For thirty years Spaniards and Englishmen had been jealous and quarrelsome neighbors in the South, and Spanish dominion had steadily dwindled. But the old conflicts on the Guale border were now subordinated to a greater...
CHAPTER V: THE CHARLES TOWN INDIAN TRADE
Charles Town in the eighteenth century was the one port-town of the South: the residence of prosperous merchants and rice-planters, and the seat of a genteel if not yet a sophisticated society. But every spring the tidewater capital took on, for a few weeks, the aspect of the remote frontier. For Charles Town was also the metropolis of the whole southern Indian...
CHAPTER VI: TRADE REGULATION AND INTERCOLONIAL PROBLEMS, 1670-1715
Until the middle of the eighteenth century the regulation and management of Indian affairs in the British American empire were left almost wholly to the control of the separate colonies, with results which approached chaos. The gradual centralization and imperialization of Indian relations during and after the last French war was a major tendency of later...
CHAPTER VII: THE YAMASEE WAR, 1715-1716
The Yamasee War, so-called, differed notably from King Philip's War in New England, and from the Virginia troubles of 1675-1676. Episodes, these were, in the advance of the farming frontier. But the events of 1715-1716 on the southern border constituted, rather, a far-reaching revolt against the Carolinian trading regime, involving the Creeks, the Choctaw...
CHAPTER VIII: DEFENSE AND RECONSTRUCTION, 1715-1732
The larger strategy of the southern frontier, as Carolinians constantly urged in England, was an imperial concern; but defense of the immediate border and reconstruction of the shattered Indian system were obviously provincial problems. To them much energy was devoted in the years which followed the...
CHAPTER IX: BEGINNINGS OF BRITISH WESTERN POLICY, 1715-1721
The Yamasee War began a new era in British frontier policy as well as in the border history of the South. The threatened ruin of South Carolina for the first time definitely focussed the attention of the colonial authorities upon the southern frontier. The Indian war and its aftermath served also to arouse the English as never before to the encroachments...
CHAPTER X: THE CAROLINA-FLORIDA BORDER, 1721-1730
On May 22, 1721, H.M.S. Enterprise, with Governor Francis Nicholson, John Barnwell, and the royal troops aboard, dropped anchor at Charles Town bar. Her arrival, anxiously expected by the supporters of the temporary government, put an end to the attempts of Johnson and Captain Hildesley to...
CHAPTER XI: INTERNATIONAL RIVALRIES IN THE OLD SOUTHWEST, 1715-1730
The Yamasee War had set the stage for international rivalries in the old Southwest throughout the colonial era. For the southern Indians it was the most disturbing event since the coming of the whites, followed as it was, immediately, by the wholesale removal of the hostile Indians from the South Carolina...
CHAPTER XII: THE BOARD OF TRADE AND SOUTHERN COLONIZATION, 1721-1730
Georgia was the last successful enterprise of English colonization within the limits of the United States; it was also one of the first notable achievements of modern philanthropy. The dual character of the project was widely advertised by the charter and in the promotion literature of the Trustees: it has become a commonplace of colonial history. But how did these...
CHAPTER XIII: THE PHILANTHROPISTS AND THE GENESIS OF GEORGIA
By 1730 a forward movement of settlement upon the southern frontier was clearly impending. English occupation of the Savannah-Altamaha region, so long advocated from South Carolina, had been proclaimed in instructions to Governor Johnson. But this decision of the colonial authorities, though important, was not of itself sufficient to supply...
Page Count: 424
Publication Year: 2004
OCLC Number: 650060110
MUSE Marc Record: Download for The Southern Frontier 1670-1732