Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Frontmatter

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Table of Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

List of Figures

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-x

Timeline of Chiricahua Imprisonment

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xi-xii

read more

Prologue: Life before Naiche and the Chiricahua Apache Prisoners of War

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xiii-xvi

I cannot remember a time before I knew of Cochise, the famous Chiricahua leader. My earliest childhood memories are of the movie Broken Arrow (Daves 1950) and the book Blood Brother (Arnold 1947.) Cochise’s dignity, integrity, and stature as a great leader remained etched in my mind despite the great liberties that I later learned were taken with his story. I am part Catawba Indian from South Carolina and having a positive American Indian ...

read more

Foreword: A Bronze Ga’an Speaks

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xvii-xviii

On our dining table stands “Apache Mountain Spirit Blessing,” a 25-inch bronze by the cowboy sculptor R. Scott Nickell. The bronze figure—a ga’an, or Mountain Spirit, in the dialect of the Western Apache—came to Tucson last August from the foundry in Lander, Wyoming, but we bought it in Jackson Hole in June, a full year of non-buyer’s lament after having discovered ...

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-10

The story of the Chiricahua Apache Prisoners of War is a long and heroic story of survival against amazing odds. Today the Chiricahuas remain the only group in the American Southwest that was never allowed to have a reservation in their homeland. The Chiricahuas are still in their diaspora, and, thus, the survival of their cultural identity—as opposed to their political identity, which has been subsumed under that of the Mescalero Apaches—...

read more

Chapter 1. Ethnographic and Historic Background of the Chiricahua Apaches

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 11-45

The sun is just coming up over the Rincon Mountains when I head east from Tucson for the Cochise Stronghold (Figures 2 and 3). The desert is alive with light: prickly pear pads reflect the light like oval mirrors while creosote, mesquite, and paloverde begin to glow with the sun’s growing intensity. Long tentacles of ocotillo crown the crest of hills, their bright green leaves illuminated. ...

read more

Chapter 2. Military Conquest as a Physical, Psychological, and Symbolic Event

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 46-70

I awake to a thick, watery dawn, with condensation so heavy that the lens of my camera fogs up as soon as I remove the lens cap. The sun, completely obscured by haze, takes hours to burn off the lingering mist. The previous night when I arrived, the darkness reverberated with the loud and constant croaking of frogs. Trees, plants, and vines dripped and oozed with humidity. ...

read more

Chapter 3. Exile and the Construction of Cultural Identity

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 71-86

The contrast between Fort Marion and Fort Pickens could not be more profound. Even though each is located in a militarily strategic position on the coast with a lighthouse in the distance, they are on opposite sides of the state. Fort Marion is on the east coast of Florida and faces the Atlantic Ocean, while Fort Pickens is at the western edge of the state and faces the Gulf of ...

read more

Chapter 4. Pratt and the Carlisle Boarding School

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 87-106

Driving out of Mobile, Alabama, to Pensacola, I am amazed at how different the interstate highways are in the West from those in the East. All traffic coming towards me is obscured by a dense canopy of tall pine trees that shut out all the light and reach the shoulder of the pavement. The two lanes traveling east seem to exist in isolation, a wide winding road that threads its way ...

read more

Chapter 5. The Art of American Indian Prisoners of War

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 107-132

Still an active military base, Fort Sill is an amazing combination of historic buildings and modern technology. As the only still active army installation of all the forts on the South Plains built during the Indian wars, Fort Sill is a National Historic Landmark. At the same time, all field artillery soldiers and Marines receive their training here, as well as many international students ...

read more

Chapter 6: The Chiricahua Apache Girl’s Puberty Ceremony and Naiche’s Hide Paintings

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 133-168

The minute I step outside the El Paso airport, I take in a deep breath of the clear air. The space and light dazzle me with their clarity and distance. Rugged, unadorned mountains rise toward the sky on the horizon, their shadows finely delineated against the intensely blue backdrop of sky. The murky, ambiguous horizon of the East has finally given way to the crisp clarity of west-...

read more

Epilogue: Life after Naiche

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 169-170

Leaving Naiche’s world was difficult. The experiences of the Chiricahuas had become intensely real to me as I walked the places that Naiche and his people had walked in Florida, Alabama, Oklahoma, and New Mexico. Only weeks after I left Fort Pickens, in Pensacola Bay, Hurricane Ivan washed away the only road to the fort, which remains closed to the public. The timing of my ...

References

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 171-182

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 183-185