Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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p. vii

List of Figures

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pp. ix-x

List of Plates

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pp. xi-xii

List of Tables

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pp. xiii-xvi

Acknowledgments

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pp. xvii-xx

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Introduction

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pp. 1-10

From late December 1700 through late February 1701, the Englishman John Lawson traveled from the English settlement at Charles Town in present-day South Carolina to a plantation on the Pamlico River in present-day North Carolina. Lawson recorded numerous observations about plants and animals, the landscape, and the peoples he encountered (Lefler 1967)...

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1. Catawba Valley Ethnohistory and Catawba Origins

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pp. 11-49

John Lawson’s visit with the “Kadapau King” was brief, but it is with his account that one usually begins the history of the Catawba Indians on the new Anglo-American frontier. Lawson clearly describes a group of apparently flourishing tribes—the Esaw, Sugaree, and Kadapau—in the vicinity of the confluence of Sugar Creek and the Catawba River. These tribes are the core groups of what became known over the next half century...

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2. Upper Catawba Valley Sites and Ceramics

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pp. 50-99

This chapter presents an overview of the archaeology (post–a.d. 1000) of the upper Catawba River valley. The chapter begins with a review of previous research followed by brief descriptions of the Berry and McDowell sites, the two major excavated sites in the region, as well as descriptions...

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3. Upper Yadkin Valley Sites and Ceramics

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pp. 100-124

In Caldwell County, the upper Yadkin River rises on the eastern flank of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The river flows northeast at the foot of the mountains to form a valley nearly 20 miles long before turning east and then south to flow through the North Carolina Piedmont. The northeast-trending Yadkin valley...

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4. Middle and Lower Catawba Valley Sites and Ceramics

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pp. 125-160

This chapter examines the sites and ceramics from the middle and lower portion of the Catawba valley. This area is crucial to an understanding of any potential relationship between the protohistoric upper valley peoples and the Catawba peoples located in the lower valley in the eighteenth century...

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5. Late Prehistoric and Early Historic Period Catawba Valley Chronology

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pp. 161-184

The preceding chapters have demonstrated that the sand- or soapstone-tempered, complicated-stamped, plain, and burnished pottery of the upper Catawba River valley are, in fact, representative of the late prehistoric and protohistoric pottery of the entire Catawba valley and the extreme upper Yadkin River valley in North Carolina...

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Conclusion

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pp. 185-196

Although the Catawba and Yadkin valley phases introduced in the previous chapter lack the temporal precision of other Lamar phases (Williams and Shapiro 1990), we are able for the

A. The McDowell Site

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pp. 197-212

B. The Berry Site

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pp. 213-256

C. Catawba Valley Pottery

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pp. 257-288

D. Ceramic Analysis Methodology

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pp. 289-298

E. Report on Plant Remains from the Berry and McDowell Sites

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pp. 299-314

F. National Museum of Natural History Collections: Caldwell County, North Carolina

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pp. 315-322

References Cited

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pp. 323-344

Index

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pp. 345-359