Images of Canadianness
Visions on Canada's Politics, Culture, and Economics
Publication Year: 1998
Published by: University of Ottawa Press
Foreign news coverage on Canada has habitually been quite poor. Exceptions to this rule were articles and news items about - in chronological order - the 1970 constitutional crises and the resulting wave of terrorism by the Front de Liberation du Quebec, the Meech Lake fiasco (1990), the referendum on the Charlottetown accord. Other headlines in the foreign news were the Oka crisis (summer of 1992), the latest...
Part One: The Political Debate
1. Reflections on Canada in the Year 1997-98
Canada is profoundly at risk, most importantly because of the English Canada/Quebec conundrum. But the risk does not just derive from that - this is not the Quebec problem, this is the Canada problem. It became clear just how bad things had become when our federal transportation minister announced in 1994, despite his fresh election on the basis of the Liberal Red Book promise to save and renew Canada, that...
2. The Liberal Idea of the Canadian Nation-State
It could be argued that the very foundation of modern Canada rests on a terrible ambiguity. For most English-speaking Canadian leaders in 1867, the British North America Act was creating a new nation. For French Canadians however, the new country was the result of a pact or a contract between provinces, especially between the French-speaking province of Quebec, which received special...
Part Two: Bilingual Canada: A Multicultural Mosaic
3. Identity, Cultural Production and the Vitality of Francophone Communities Outside Qu
Over the past thirty years, many indicators of the vitality of Canada's francophone communities outside Quebec have been developed, though very few have been applied empirically.
4. The Belgian Presence in Canada
Flemings from Antwerp have been interested in the northern regions of North America since the Middle Ages when they participated in trade with the Viking colonies in Greenland and Vinland [Newfoundland]. They later became involved in the lucrative walrus hunts and the chartering and insuring of vessels bound for the Newfoundland cod fisheries in the 15th century. Cartographers associated...
5. The Dutch in Canada
Although Dutch immigrants have been settling in North America since the beginning of the 17th century, their presence in Canada in any significant numbers is largely a 20th century phenomenon. While Dutch commercial settlement by the Dutch West Indies Company had begun in the Hudson River valley as early as 1613, the people of the New Netherlands had few contacts with the French...
6. The Flemish and Dutch Migrant Press in Canada: A Historical Investigation
The fact that Canada has long been a pole of attraction for an important inflow of migrants from places such as Flanders and the Netherlands is evidenced by the extensive social life and press activities which Flemish and Dutch Canadians have managed to develop over time. In this report, we will focus on the evolution of Flemish and Dutch migration to Canada. For a clearer view of...
Part Three: Canada from a Native Perspective
7. Nunavut: A Challenge for the Inuit
In this chapter some of the major transitions currently taking place in Canada's Northwest Territories will be explored. In 1999 the eastern part of the NWT will become a separate territory named Nunavut, which in the Inuit language (inuktitut) means "Our Land". The decision to create this territory was made in 1993 when representatives of the Inuit of the Central and Eastern Canadian...
8. Television Broadcasting North of 60
The development of Canadian First Peoples' media policies, discourses, and practices is an important subject to examine toward the end of the twentieth century as aboriginal self-government comes closer to a negotiated consensus than ever before. First, there has been a restructuring of the Canadian broadcasting system to include aboriginal broadcasting as an integral element. Second, First...
9. Indigenous Peoples of Canada and the United States of America: Entering the 21st Century
All around the world, indigenous groups, e.g., Maori of New Zealand, Saami of Sweden, Ainu of Japan, Indians of North America, are building solidarity over such issues as sovereignty and self-determination. Their efforts have thus far culminated in the writing of the Declaration of Indigenous Peoples Rights, which is now before the United Nations. Even though much of the land base...
Part Four: Canada in the International Arena
10. Of Friends, Interests, Crowbars, and Marriage Vows in Canada-United States Trade Relations
In 1994, in a study of the Canada-US free-trade negotiations, my co-authors and I concluded that "despite the problems posed by an often indifferent and difficult United States, Canada succeeded in negotiating a good agreement" (Hart et al., 1994: 387). Canadians have often doubted their government's ability to negotiate good agreements with the United States, not only because of problems of indifference...
11. On Track for TAFTA? Developing Canada-EU Trade Relations in the 1990's
Fish and fur; disputes over these two commodities have dominated the Canada-EU trading agenda throughout the last two years. As a result, the future of Canada's trade with its largest trading partner after the United States
12. Beyond Infrastructure. Europe, the United States and Canada on the Information Highway: Where business and culture collide
The Information Highway looks set to become the most pervasive mass medium of all time - a revolution born of and on a par with that ushered in by microcomputers. Beyond the essential technical infrastructure, we must not forget that the vitality of the Information Highway will be directly dependent on the content on offer. This is after all more than a mere matter of "big bucks and cables:" its basic...