Cover

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Title Page

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Copyright

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Contents / Table des matières

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pp. 5-8

Honorary Patrons of the Congress / Présidents d'honneur du congrès

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pp. 9-9

Organizers / Organisateurs

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pp. 9-9

Sponsors, Donors and Acknowledgements / Commanditaires, donateurs et remerciements

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pp. 9-12

Bureau permanent des congrès internationaux

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pp. 13-14

Programme of the Congress / Programme du congrès

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pp. 15-20

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Messages, Opening and Closing Speeches / Messages, allocutions d'ouverture et de clôture

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pp. 21-27

As honorary patron of the 22nd International Congress of Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences and as Head of the Canadian Heraldic Authority, I am pleased to welcome ail delegates to Canada's capital, particularly those who have travelled from afar to attend this Congress, the first to be held outside of Europe. It seems especially fitting that, as you rneet for the first time beyond the birthplace of modem...

Organizations represented at the Congress / Organisations représentées au congrès

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pp. 28-29

Participants

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pp. 30-44

Special Events and Exhibitions / Événements spéciaux et expositions

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Exhibition Lasting Symbols of a Nation / Exposition Symboles durables d'une nation

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pp. 46-56

Symbols are the pillars of tradition. The origins of the documents in this display go back to the Middle Ages and beyond, long before the discovery of the New World. Yet it is the same European heraldic, sigilistic and medallic heritage that flourishes here and is preserved in archival collections. Even when nations disappear, their symbols often live on. Hercules, a hero of ancient Greece, has survived in films, cartoons...

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Artists Workshop / L'atelier des artistes

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pp. 57-57

A unique feature of the 22nd Congress was the Artiste' workshop, the first meeting of its type held anywhere. It was held in Room 215C of the Jock Turcot University Centre at the University of Ottawa from August 12 to 23. Eleven artiste from seven countries, whose brief biographies are given below, worked on one of two themes during the period: symbols for the new millennium and symbols for...

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ELEVEN MASTERS OF HERALDIC ART/ ONZE MAÎTRES DE L'ART HÉRALDIQUE

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pp. 57-67

Symbols have been an important part of human activity for thousands of years. They have served to identify and distinguish one person from another, to celebrate the history and character of human institutions, to tell an important story in a highly memorable way. Of the many symbol Systems people have created in different times and places, heraldry has proved one of the most...

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Heraldic Commemorative Stamp / Timbre héraldique commémoratif

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pp. 68-70

Canada Post officially unveiled a new 450 commemorative stamp honouring Canadian heraldry in conjunction with the opening ceremonies of the Congress at the University of Ottawa on August 19. Designed by Derek Sarty of Halifax, Nova Scotia, the stamp highlights the special character of Canadian heraldry, with a particular focus on...

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THE GARDNER FAMILY: WEST MEETS EAST

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pp. 71-80

The theme of this congress is emigration and immigration. Much has been made of the tendency of families to stay put in their native localities, and it used to be implied that emigration and immigration were consequently somewhat exceptional in a family's history until me more fluid modem age. In fact, movement is one...

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BETWEEN IMPERIAL HINTERLANDS: RECONSTITUTING FAMILIES IN BUKOVINA AND SASKATCHEWAN, 1775-1940

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pp. 81-104

1. Bukovina as a focus for research Many people, North Americans in particular, are daunted by the difficulties of pursuing any investigation into their ancestry in central and eastern Europe. The perceived obstacles, myriad and insurmountable, have become almost legendary in the annals of genealogical...

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FAMILIES AND EMBLEMS TRANSCENDING FRONTIERS

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pp. 105-110

I believe that perhaps the earliest people to transcend the "frontiers" of the Atlantic Ocean were the Vikings, who came to North America in about AD 1000 and built a settlement in Newfoundland. This settlement has been designated as one of the World Heritage Sites by me United Nations because it shows the earliest recorded...

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SCOTTISH FAMILIES AND THEIR SYMBOLS IN THE NETHERLANDS OR THE COATS OF ARMS OF DUTCH FAMILIES OF SCOTTISH DESCENT

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pp. 111-126

The history of emigration of the Scots to the Low Countries, nowadays the kingdoms of Belgium and The Netherlands, is very old but there are four main ways in which the Scots emigrated to or had contact with the Low Countries. The wool staple From the 13th till the 17th century, Scotland exported wool to the Low Countries, especially to the counties of Flanders and Zeeland, that was...

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VRAIES ET FAUSSES GÉNÉALOGIES : ÉTUDE DE QUELQUES CAS RELIÉS À LA NOUVELLE-FRANCE

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pp. 127-134

Le 26 avril 1622 s'ouvrait, au siège parisien du grand prieuré de France de l'ordre de Malte, une enquête concernant l'ancienneté de la noblesse de Charles Huault de Montmagny 1. Son frère Louis présenta une série de documents démontrant que, tant du côté maternel...

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GENEALOGY AS AN HISTORIAN'S TOOL: THE LINK BETWEEN KIN AND COMMUNITY IN THE BUILDING OF ACADIAN IDENTITY

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pp. 135-142

I am working at present on an examination of how Acadian identity was established and later developed. I have been interested for close to 40 years in the general topic of why people consider a community identity, be it religious, ethnic or national, of crucial personal importance and the...

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RECORD LINKAGE AS A GENEALOGICAL TOOL

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pp. 143-152

Record linkage, a technique for matching similar records developed by Statistics Canada for the medical field, is now used extensively as a genealogical tool [FIGURE 1]. Employing a technology whereby computer programs use mathematical probabilities to search, match, link, and/or merge records has the potential to revolutionize historical and genealogical research. Types...

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THE RUSSIAN, GERMAN, ROMANIAN AND CANADIAN DESCENDANTS OF LUDWIG ADOLF PETER SAYN-WITTGENSTTEIN (1768-1843), MOST SERENE PRINCE AND FIELD-MARSHAL OF THE RUSSIAN ARMY

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pp. 153-156

For my paper I have chosen a family whose history conforms with the topic of our Congress. Moreover this family has connections with both Russia and Canada, as some family members now live in Ottawa. The family of the Counts and later the Princes of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg is of German...

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LES BAS-BOURGUIGNONS ÉTABLIS AU CANADA AVANT 1730 ET LEURS RACINES FAMILIALES EN FRANCE

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pp. 157-188

Depuis quelques années, la Société généalogique de l'Yonne que je représente ici, en tant que vice-président, reçoit des courriers de divers correspondants canadiens, ou bien d'origine canadienne, tous désireux d'en savoir un peu plus sur leur ascendance française dans...

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CHARTS AND TEXT COMBINED: A PROPOSED METHOD FOR RECORDING FAMILY HISTORY AND GENEALOGY

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pp. 189-200

How often does one encounter family histories without an index, with little or no regard for sources, or containing family charts that appear to follow some obscure, contorted formula? When it comes to the text, some methods assign a long series of numbers and markings to every family member's name (these are meant to indicate...

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CANADA'S LOYALIST "MARK OF HONOUR": HEREDITARY HERITAGE IN 18TH-CENTURY BRITISH NORTH AMERICA

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pp. 201-206

Canada has a unique hereditary honour that was created 207 years ago. The postnomial designation "UE" means "Unity of Empire" and is borne by thousands of descendants of the United Empire Loyalists who fled the revolting colonies in America in the late 18th century. Unlike other North American hereditary societies based on a mutual ancestral experience (The Mayflower...

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DIE AKTION FORSCHERKONTAKTE

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pp. 207-208

1. Darstellung des Problems Es ist sehr nutzlich, wenn man bei der Suche nach seinen Ahnen einen Forscherkollegen findet, mit dem sich gemeinsame Ahnenlinien ergeben (Ahnengemeinschaft), und dieser bereit ist, einen Datenaustausch vorzunehmen. Die Aktion Forscherkontakte (FOKO) ist eine Aktivhat...

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THE KERRY PEDIGREES: A WINDOW ON THE HISTORY AND HERALDRY OF WALES

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pp. 209-218

A Kerry family, whose children I taught some years ago, were in possession of a Kerry pedigree roll, but they knew nothing of its history and had no evidence proving that it related to their own family. I sought, and was granted, permission to research the pedigree and see if I could establish a real connection for them. The information...

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THE GENEALOGY OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMED AND THE ROYAL HOUSES OF THE MIDDLE EAST, WITH EMPHASIS ON THE HASHEMITE (ALAWAITE) KINGDOMS

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pp. 219-238

Quraish, Hashem and the Prophet Genealogy played an important part in Arab culture as the basic social structure within which stories from the past and other manifestations of its collective memory intermingled. Every individual wanted to be sure that the tribe to which he belonged was an honourable one being connected...

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UNIONES Y PARENTESCOS ENTRE VIRREYES DE LOS SIGLOS XVI, XVII Y PRINCIPIOS DEL XVIII

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pp. 239-244

La enfermedad de dona Juana, su madre y el testamento de Fernando de Castilla y Aragon, su abuelo, impuso a Carlos I, nacido en Gante, a asuirrir la Corona de un reino que no conocfa pero con el que se identificô hasta llevarlo a su mayor esplendor. Educado por los mas sabios preceptores de su...

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UMBILICAL LINES AND THE USE OF MITOCHONDRIAL DNA ANALYSIS IN GENEALOGICAL RESEARCH

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pp. 245-248

In genealogical work, we primarily use the written record as our source for information. We occasionally also use an oral record and give it validity if it is made by a person having first-hand knowledge. From these we develop hypotheses about relationships and then test these hypotheses by examining other written primary sources...

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SUBJECTS OF THE FRENCH KINGS → BAVARIAN DUKES → MEMBERS OF THE RUSSIAN IMPERIAL HOUSE → CITIZENS OF GERMANY, FRANCE, CANADA, USA: THE BEAUHARNAIS OVER THE LAST 200 YEARS

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pp. 249-254

The Beauharnais are an ancient line of thé Orléanais nobility. At the end of the 17th century and in the first half of the 18th century, some of them held important posts in the Royal French Navy and in French overseas territories: for instance, François Beauharnois de la Chaussaye, Baron de Beauville (1665-1746) was intendant...

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LES RACINES RUSSES, FRANÇAISES, POLONAISES, GÉORGIENNES ET TATARES DU PHILOSOPHE RUSSE NICOLAS BERDIAEV (1874-1948) ET LEUR INFLUENCE SUR SA « CONNAISSANCE DE SOI » ET SA VISION DU MONDE

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pp. 255-256

Cette communication est consacrée à la généalogie de Nicolas Berdiaev (Kiev, 1874-tClamart, près de Paris, 1948), un des plus grands philosophes russes du XXe siècle, dont les lignées ascendantes sont constituées d'un mélange plutôt inhabituel. Les Berdiaev appartenaient à la noblesse traditionnellement militaire...

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ORIGINS AND IMPACTS: LOYALIST IMMIGRATION TO THE BAHAMAS

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pp. 257-262

The origins of the division that produced "Loyalism" in the American society is difficult to pinpoint but the Stamp Act crisis of 1765probably saw its beginning. It was the Declaration of Independence in July 1776, however, that demarcated the Whigs from the Tories or Loyalists. The former were for the establishment of...

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LA BRANCHE RUSSE DES DANZAS (D'ANZAS), AU COURS DE DEUX SIÉCLES : CHANGEMENT DE PAYS, D'APPARTENANCE CONFESSIONNELLE ET D'IDENTIFICATION ETHNO-PSYCHOLOGIQUE

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pp. 263-264

Eté tout temps et à la suite de diverses circonstances, des ressortissants des pays de l'Europe occidentale appartenant à toutes les couches de la société (depuis les artisans jusqu'à l'aristocratie titrée) sont venus s'installer en Russie. Pour beaucoup de familles, ce pays devenait une seconde patrie. C'est là que naissaient leurs enfants...

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LES PERSPECTIVES DE CONSTITUTION DE BANQUES NATIONALES ET INTERNATIONALES DE DONNÉES GÉNÉALOGIQUES ET HÉRALDIQUES : L'EXEMPLE DE LA FRANCE

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pp. 265-270

Ayant rapidement dépassé le stade affectif des recherches familiales personnelles visant à établir des filiations ascendantes et descendantes, les généalogistes français se sont lancés---surtout depuis 15 à 20 ans---dans des travaux collectifs qui eussent laissé pantois d'étonnement des générations entières de bénédictins. Tout a commencé par des...

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BORDER RELATIONS

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pp. 271-286

"Border Relations" suggests that not only are Canadian and U.S. families interrelated because of long-term migration across the U.S/Canada border, but also that certain families followed an intergenerational family migration pattern in which descendants of original migrants to Canada tended to migrate back and forth across...

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PROBLEMS IN ACADIAN GENEALOGICAL RESEARCH

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pp. 287-292

Obviously, the upheavals of Acadian history translate into difficulties for researchers who wish to retrieve genealogical information from surviving documentation. Unlike the French Canadians, the Acadians lost a great many of their records. To understand exactly what happened in this regard, it is useful to review briefly the first two...

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ARCHIVAL METHODOLOGY AND GENEALOGICAL RESEARCH IN THE INFORMATION AGE: TWO SOLITUDES OR CONVERGING DISCIPLINES?

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pp. 293-298

Not so many years ago, archives were welcoming and non-threatening environments where historical research was encouraged and flourished. The holdings were finite, the visitors relatively few; staff were accommodating and research pathways, for the most part, simple and direct Like many another golden memory, of...

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GENEALOGY ON THE INTERNET: SOME HELPFUL HOME PAGE ADDRESSES (URLS)

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pp. 299-302

1. General resources Afrigeneas http://www.msstate.edu/Archives/History/ afrigen/ Cyndi's List of Genealogy Sites on thé Web http://www. oz. net/~cyndihow/sites. htm The Genealogy Gateway to thé Web http://www.polaris.net/~legend/genalogy.htm Genealogy Home Page http://www.genhomepage.com...

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WHAT GENEALOGICAL RESOURCES ARE OFFERED BY THE SCANDINAVIANS VIA THE INTERNET? THE CASE OF SWEDEN: CRITICAL ASSESSMENT AND PRAGMATIC ADVICE

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pp. 303-304

Every morning here in Ottawa, I pick up the complimentary newspaper that is delivered outside my door in the Quality Hotel and read the latest news and weather report. Has it been nice and sunny in Europe? It is easy to check what it has been like in Brussels, Rome and Vienna, but Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo, Reykjavik...

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FRENCH GENEALOGY AND THE INTERNET

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pp. 305-306

During the last 20 to 25 years, French genealogy has made use of computerization. At first limited to certain specialists, it has rapidly spread to organizations and to many individuals who, frequently, discovered computers because of the genealogical data they wished to archive, classify, and computerize. The French Federation of Genealogy created...

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ARCHIVES AND THE INTERNET: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CANADA AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE FUTURE

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pp. 307-308

The impact of electronic technology on the archival landscape in Canada has accelerated over the last decade, from barely imaginable "future world" to an immediate reality directly confronting the Canadian Archival System. Within this panel discussion, I wish to identify the most visible aspects of the interface between archives and the Internet in Canada; and to suggest various implications and opportunities that exist...

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SLOVAK CIVIC FLAGS AND BANNERS

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pp. 309-314

The Heraldic Commission established by the Slovak Ministry of the Interior in 1975 has consultative functions in connection with the legal capacity of town and community parliaments to assume heraldic and vexillological symbols. Fortunately, the law in force contains a provision requiring...

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF NAVAL AND MILITARY SYMBOLISM IN BRITISH HERALDRY

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pp. 315-328

The object of this paper is to try to discern the development of naval and military symbols in British heraldry and to make a brief survey of similar symbolism in Continental heraldry. Heraldry itself developed from the need to identify combatants in the primitive warfare dating from the Crusades. The charges in coats of arms remained fairly simple...

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THE EVOLUTION OF A DISTINCTIVE SOUTH AFRICAN HERALDIC IDIOM, 1963-1996

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pp. 329-338

For much of the past two centuries, South Africa has been within the broad sphere of British influence, with London as its hub. Thus, when the South African Bureau of Heraldry came into being on June 1, 1963, the principal outside influence was that of the College of Arms. While retaining cordial relations with the College, the Bureau of...

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THE EXPORT OF SCOTTISH HERALDIC SYMBOLISM

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pp. 339-342

The ancient realm of Scotand has a variety of distinguishing symbols that singly, or in combination, give the nation and her people an identity among the world community. These symbols were not adopted together at one time, the oldest has been in use for over 700 years, the most recent is only 294 years old, yet ail are now...

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LES INFLUENCES DE L'ART HÉRALDIQUE FRANÇAIS SUR L'ART HÉRALDIQUE ROUMAIN

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pp. 343-348

L'art héraldique français, l'un des plus anciens de l'Europe, a connu un développement important à travers les siècles et a rayonné non seulement dans les pays voisins de la France, mais aussi dans des régions plus éloignées. Son influence sur les États avoisinants (le Brabant et...

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TRANSCENDING THE FRONTIERS OF REALITY: THE SIGNIFICANCE OF HERALDIC LEGENDS

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pp. 349-356

During one particularly fierce encounter, an ancestor of the barons van Ittersum made a dreadful tactical mistake. Upon seeing this his liege lord, the count of Holland, cried: "You're an ass!" Ittersum agreed: "Hay my lord, I am a treble ass." ' Hence he adopted the arms Argent, three asses' heads caboshed Gules, which his...

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FALLING LEAVES

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pp. 357-362

The pages of Siebmacher2 and of Rietstap3 abound with blazons of coats of arms with leaves in them. The former has its own splendid illustrations in the several editions and the latter is illustrated in Rolland4 and accompanied by later supplements. Scanning the earlier illustrated works of Petra Sancta5 one finds leaves of strawberry, poplar, plane, stinging-nettle...

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WHEN DID THE IRISH CHIEFS ADOPT HERALDRY?

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pp. 363-372

Boundaries can be cultural as much as geo-graphical. Such cultural boundaries are evident when we examine how heraldry, part of feudal culture, was adopted by the Gaelic Irish chiefs in medieval Ireland. The negative thesis In 1913, E. C. R. Armstrong, Keeper of Msh Andquities in the National Museum, Dublin, and later (1923) Bluemantle Pursuivant of...

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IMPRESSIONS OF STATE AUTHORITY

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pp. 373-384

Surveying the impression of the royal arms in wax and in print on public documents in British North America, from the 1760s to the 1860s, illuminates our understanding of how the symbols of Crown or state authority were used, and their visibility to the populace at large. The explanations...

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LES PIERRES TOMBALES DES COMTES DE LANNOY À CLERVAUX AU GRAND-DUCHÉ DE LUXEMBOURG

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pp. 385-394

Petit historique de la seigneurie de Clervaux Avant de nous consacrer à l'étude des pierres tombales des comtes de Lannoy-Clervaux, il convient de donner un aperçu historique sommaire de la seigneurie de Clervaux située au nord du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, en plein coeur de l'Ardenne, dans un site particulièrement...

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SEARCHING FOR HERALDIC ROOTS IN SWITZERLAND

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pp. 395-400

Switzerland, in the heart of Europe, was for many centuries a country from which people often found themselves forced to emigrate. After the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) Swiss people, either farmers or craftsmen, settled in Alsace, the Rhine Palatinate, Prussia, or even as far away as Poland and Russia. They settled in Lombardy...

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THE ARMS OF THE KING OF SCOTS AND SELECTED HERALDRY

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pp. 401-406

What heraldry? What heraldry! Before heraldry as a science came into being, there were designs on shields, flags and so on that identified a leader, clan, army, legion, sovereignty, etc. These, however, lacked clarification and regularization through the use of the scientific nomenclature of heraldry to replicate by blazon...

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THE TOWEL AS A BADGE OF WENCESLAS, KING OF GERMANY AND BOHEMIA, AND ITS TRANSFORMATIONS

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pp. 407-412

The towel badge of King Wenceslas of Luxembourg, which can also be defined as a scarf or headband badge, is especially interesting because of its heraldic echo in different regions of Europe of the time.1 The history of emblems derived from the original royal towel reflects both different heraldic practices and the unity of these...

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INTERACTION IN HERALDRY BETWEEN NORWAY AND SWEDEN

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pp. 413-418

Modem Norwegian heraldry has certain well-defined characteristics---in particular where heraldry of a "geographical" kind is concerned. A number of heraldic principles are applied quite strictly: the most striking of these prescribes that only two tinctures, one metal and one colour, may be used in the shield of a coat of arms: Another...

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TRENDS IN UNIVERSITY HERALDRY: THE BRITISH EMPIRE AND BEYOND

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pp. 419-428

To begin this paper I will Iook at armorial bearings granted to universities and colleges by the English Kings of Arms, extending to Lord Lyon and Ulster King of Arms, and into the independent Commonwealth heraldic authorities in Canada and South Africa. I am thus beginning with British and colonial university heraldry...

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L'HÉRALDIQUE HAÏTIENNE SOUS LE RÈGNE DU ROI HENRY I[sup(er)]

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pp. 429-438

Le premier janvier 1804 naissait la République d'Haïti constituée par la partie française de la colonie de Saint-Domingue. D s'agissait de la première république noire au monde. Jean-Jacques Dessalines, ancien esclave, en devint le premier président avant de se proclamer empereur le 22 septembre 1804. D se fit couronner sur le Champ...

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FLEURS DE LIS DE FRANCE ET D'AILLEURS

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pp. 439-446

La royauté française fut une royauté liliacée. Du xtf siècle à 1830, avec l'interruption de 1792- 1814, l'État français posséda des armes fleurdelisées et tout le décor étatique fut semé de fleurs de lis. Ainsi, les magistrats des cours souveraines comme le parlement de Paris étaient réputés « siéger sur les lis ». La profusion des fleurs de lis est un...

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UNE FAMILLE GÉNOISE ÉMIGRÉE À LYON : LES PIANELLI (XVI[sup(e)]-XVIlI[sup(e)] SIÉCLES), HÉRALDIQUE ET GÉNÉALOGIE

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pp. 447-460

La ville de Lyon en France a abrité durant tout le Moyen Age une importante colonie italienne, ce mouvement migratoire, pour des raisons dynastiques et politiques évidentes, s'est accéléré au xvie siècle. Le Cabinet des manuscrits de la Bibliothèque nationale de France conserve, sous la cote fr. 8716-8717 deux manuscrits héraldiques concernant l'alliance de Battista...

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SCOTTISH HERALDRY FURTH OF SCOTLAND

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pp. 461-466

This paper will not cover the migration of Scots to what might be termed the New World, Le., Canada, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. Those countries were largely settled by people of British extraction or, in the case of Quebec, by those of French extraction and, in parts of South Africa, those of Dutch...

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MEDICAL HERALDRY WITH FOUR RECENT EXAMPLES

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pp. 467-472

Although born during the Middle Ages in a rather brutal milieu, heraldry soon was employed to depict the compassion and caring of what was to become the medical profession. To this day, literally hundreds of associations and societies of physicians and surgeons, as well as faculties of medicine at universities and major hospitals...

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SOME AMERICAN PERSPECTIVES ON HERALDRY AND VEXILLOLOGY

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pp. 473-482

Since 1929 there has been a series that has always been known as the International Congresses of Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences. It is a characteristic of ail sciences, both natural sciences and social sciences, to adhere to the fundamental standards of scholarship that set the scientific community apart from other areas of society. Every scientist is presumed to,,,

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LA CÉRAMIQUE ARMORIÉE D'IMPORTATION, REFLET DU NATIONALISMS CANADIEN (1887-1921)

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pp. 483-504

L'emblème du Dominion du Canada avant l'acquisition d'armoiries officielles en 1921 rassemblait sur un écu les emblèmes des provinces et territoires canadiens. On y voyait des armoiries officielles, des armoiries conçues par des héraldistes amateurs et des motifs tirés de sceaux provinciaux. Autour de l'écu venaient s'agencer...

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A CENTURY OF CRESTS ON THE NORTHWEST COAST: A MULTIMEDIA PRESENTATION

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pp. 504-506

This "paper" was a multimedia presentation of a computer application1 entitled "A Century of Crests on the Northwest Coast" The program included samplings of the large literature on Northwest Coast First Nations ("Indian") cultures, augmented by hundreds of photographic images and dozens of audio and video clips in which First...

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THE ABORIGINAL IN HERALDRY WITH SOME EXAMPLES DRAWN FROM THE HERALDIC GARDEN AT BOXFORD HOUSE, SUFFOLK

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pp. 507-509

The video "A Visit to the Heraldic Garden at Boxford House, Suffolk, with some Thoughts on Aboriginal Influences upon Heraldry" was created by Sir Conrad Swan, KCVO, formerly Carter King of Arms, for presentation at the Congress. For the first time at these meetings, viewers were able to pose questions via satellite to Sir Conrad...