Between Actor and Presence
The European Union and the Future for the Transatlantic Relationship
Publication Year: 2000
Published by: University of Ottawa Press
Series: Social Sciences
Table of Contents
As the European Union becomes more integrated and continues its process of enlargement, questions concerning the nature of the "transatlantic" relationship are raised. Historically an integral part of Canadian foreign affairs, the European community currently poses a question for future Canadian relations: either as an actor or as a presence...
Chapter 1. Introduction
Relations with Europe embody one of the central pillars of Canada's traditional foreign policy agenda. That much, it appears, is agreed upon by analysts and observers of Canadian external affairs. Yet is there adequate attention paid to this transatlantic relationship? How does this association compare with the burgeoning and much...
Chapter 2. The EU and the Variables of Enlargement
The European Union is once again negotiating enlargement of its membership. While enlargement seems to be a never-ending process, this Fifth Enlargement of the EU is in a number of ways unique. There are more candidates that are further behind on average economically than previous instances of enlargement. The EU agenda is...
Chapter 3. The Perils of Treaty Amendment in the European Union: The 1996-97 IGC and EU Enlargement
This chapter examines the European Union's 1996-97 Intergovernmental Conference (IGC). The examination is undertaken for two reasons. First, that series of negotiations was to help set the stage for the impending enlargement of the EU, a topic that is explored in other chapters in this volume. Hence the present chapter, in turn,...
Chapter 4. A Presence at the Creation: EU Expansion and Security-Building in Central and Eastern Europe
"We are not in business, we are in politics," said Walter Hallstein, first President of the European Community's Commission. Until very recently it has been thought imprudent for his successors to speak another such truth, that despite appearances, European integration is also about security and always has been. Since the end of the Cold...
Chapter 5. Canada and Europe: The Implications of the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union
The Amsterdam Treaty signed in June 1997 represented the end product of the Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) that opened in Turin on March 29, 1996. Many commentators have considered the results of that IGC something of an anticlimax, but this was to be expected after the trials of ratifying and implementing the earlier...
Chapter 6. Hurry Up and Wait?: Intergovernmentalism and an Integrated European Defence Market
In a paper written for the Institute for Security Studies of the Western European Union some five months prior to the opening of the EU's Intergovernmental Conference in March 1996, Pierre De Vestel observed:...
Chapter 7. Not Much of a Presence: Europe, the European Union, and Ballistic Missile Defence
Defence from a political, military, and economic perspective has largely remained outside the purview of the European Union (EU). Certainly, a limited entry has been made by the EU as a function of the overlap between the civil and defence economies, and the political commitments stemming from Article 30 of the Single European...
Chapter 8. European Security and Defence and NATO: Moving from Influence to Activity
NATO, like it or not, is the key to all security reform in Europe. The tasks it politically accepts and militarily prepares to undertake define almost the entire realm of security activities to be assumed by the EU, Western European Union (WEU), and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). European security reform has...
Chapter 9. Transatlantic Free Trade: Myth or Reality?
Following the euphoria at the end of the Cold War, there was some puzzle as to what would replace the values-driven transatlantic agenda. By 1993, with the move to create a Single European Market (SEM) in full swing, the economic track of transatlanticism gained ascendancy and began to challenge the primacy of the security track....
Chapter 10. Conclusion: The Decline of the Atlanticist Tradition in Canadian Foreign Policy
Given the profound changes in European politics outlined in the preceding chapters, it might be expected that Canadians would have sought to develop a more comprehensive approach to the new Europe as both "actor" and "presence" in Canadian foreign policy. However, as the various contributors to this volume make clear, many...
List of Abbreviations