In this Book

The Woodland Southeast
summary

This collection presents, for the first time, a much-needed synthesis of the major research themes and findings that characterize the Woodland Period in the southeastern United States.

The Woodland Period (ca. 1200 B.C. to A.D. 1000) has been the subject of a great deal of archaeological research over the past 25 years. Researchers have learned that in this approximately 2000-year era the peoples of the Southeast experienced increasing sedentism, population growth, and organizational complexity. At the beginning of the period, people are assumed to have been living in small groups, loosely bound by collective burial rituals. But by the first millennium A.D., some parts of the region had densely packed civic ceremonial centers ruled by hereditary elites. Maize was now the primary food crop. Perhaps most importantly, the ancient animal-focused and hunting-based religion and cosmology were being replaced by solar and warfare iconography, consistent with societies dependent on agriculture, and whose elites were increasingly in competition with one another. This volume synthesizes the research on what happened during this era and how these changes came about while analyzing the period's archaeological record.

In gathering the latest research available on the Woodland Period, the editors have included contributions from the full range of specialists working in the field, highlighted major themes, and directed readers to the proper primary sources. Of interest to archaeologists and anthropologists, both professional and amateur, this will be a valuable reference work essential to understanding the Woodland Period in the Southeast.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. 8-9
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  1. Figures
  2. pp. ix-xii
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  1. Tables
  2. pp. xii-xiv
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xv-xvi
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  1. 1. An Introduction to Woodland Archaeology in the Southeast
  2. pp. 1-19
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  1. 2. Woodland Period Archaeology of the Central Mississippi Valley
  2. pp. 20-43
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  1. 3. Plum Bayou Culture of the Arkansas–White River Basin
  2. pp. 44-65
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  1. 4. Woodland Period Archaeology of the Lower Mississippi Valley
  2. pp. 66-90
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  1. 5. Fourche Maline: A Woodland Period Culture of the Trans-Mississippi South
  2. pp. 91-112
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  1. 6. The Woodland Period in the Northern Ozarks of Missouri
  2. pp. 113-133
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  1. 7. Woodland Period Archaeology in the American Bottom
  2. pp. 134-161
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  1. 8. Deconstructing the Woodland Sequence from the Heartland: A Review of Recent Research Directions in the Upper Ohio Valley
  2. pp. 162-184
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  1. 9. Woodland Cultures of the Elk and Duck River Valleys, Tennessee: Continuity and Change
  2. pp. 185-203
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  1. 10. Woodland Period Settlement Patterning in the Northern Gulf Coastal Plain of Alabama, Mississippi, and Tennessee
  2. pp. 204-227
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  1. 11. Woodland Cultural and Chronological Trends on the Southern Gulf Coastal Plain: Recent Research in the Pine Hills of Southeastern Mississippi
  2. pp. 228-248
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  1. 12. The Woodland Period in the Appalachian Summit of Western North Carolina and the Ridge and Valley Province of Eastern Tennessee
  2. pp. 249-269
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  1. 13. The Woodland in the Middle Atlantic: Ranking and Dynamic Political Stability
  2. pp. 270-291
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  1. 14. A Woodland Period Prehistory of Coastal North Carolina
  2. pp. 292-317
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  1. 15. Aspects of Deptford and Swift Creek of the South Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains
  2. pp. 318-351
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  1. 16. Weeden Island Cultures
  2. pp. 352-372
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  1. 17. The Woodland Archaeology of South Florida
  2. pp. 373-397
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  1. 18. Woodland Ceramic Beginnings
  2. pp. 398-420
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  1. 19. Culture-Historical Units and the Woodland Southeast: A Case Study from Southeastern Missouri
  2. pp. 421-443
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  1. 20. Shellfish Use during the Woodland Period in the Middle South
  2. pp. 444-460
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  1. 21. Woodland Faunal Exploitation in the Midsouth
  2. pp. 461-482
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  1. 22. The Development and Dispersal of Agricultural Systems in the Woodland Period Southeast
  2. pp. 483-501
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  1. 23. Woodland Cave Archaeology in Eastern North America
  2. pp. 502-524
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  1. 24. Domesticating Self and Society in the Woodland Southeast
  2. pp. 525-539
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  1. 25. Epilogue: Future Directions for Woodland Archaeology in the Southeast
  2. pp. 540-542
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  1. References Cited
  2. pp. 543-663
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 664-667
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 668-680
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