In this Book

Our Sisters' Keepers
summary
American culture has long had a conflicted relationship with assistance to the poor. Cotton Mather and John Winthrop were staunch proponents of Christian charity as fundamental to colonial American society, while transcendentalists harbored deep skepticism towards benevolence in favor of Emersonian self-reliance and Thoreau’s insistence on an ascetic life. Women in the 19th century, as these essays show, approached issues of benevolence far differently than their male counterparts, consistently promoting assistance to the impoverished, in both their acts and their writings. 

These essays address a wide range of subjects: images of the sentimental seamstress figure in women’s fiction; Rebecca Harding Davis’s rewriting of the “industrial” novel; Sarah Orne Jewett’s place in the transcendental tradition of skepticism toward charity, and her subversion of it; the genre of the poorhouse narrative; and the philanthropic work and writings of Hull House founder Jane Addams. 

As the editors of Our Sisters’ Keepers argue, the vulnerable and marginal positions occupied by many women in the 19th century fostered an empathetic sensitivity in them to the plight of the poor, and their ability to act and write in advocacy of the impoverished offered a form of empowerment not otherwise available to them. The result was the reformulation of the concept of the American individual.
 
Contributors include: Jill Bergman, Debra Bernardi, Sarah E. Chinn, Monika Elbert, Lori Merish, Terry D. Novak, James Salazar, Mary Templin, Karen Tracey, Whitney A. Womack

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Contents
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Introduction: Benevolence Literature by American Women
  2. pp. 1-19
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  1. Part I: The Genre of Benevolence
  2. p. 21
  1. 1. Stories of the Poorhouse
  2. pp. 23-48
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  1. 2. Representing the “Deserving Poor”: The “Sentimental Seamstress” and the Feminization of Poverty in Antebellum America
  2. pp. 49-79
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  1. 3. “Dedicated to Works of Beneficence”: Charity as Model for a Domesticated Economy in Antebellum Women’s Panic Fiction
  2. pp. 80-104
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  1. 4. Reforming Women’s Reform Literature: Rebecca Harding Davis’s Rewriting of the Industrial Novel
  2. pp. 105-131
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  1. Part II: Negotiating the Female American Self through Benevolence
  2. p. 133
  1. 5. “The Right to Be Let Alone”: Mary Wilkins Freeman and the Right to a “Private Share”
  2. pp. 135-156
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  1. 6. Women’s Charity vs. Scientific Philanthropy in Sarah Orne Jewett
  2. pp. 157-189
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  1. 7. “Oh the Poor Women!”: Elizabeth Stuart Phelps’s Motherly Benevolence
  2. pp. 190-212
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  1. 8. Frances Harper’s Poverty Relief Mission in the African American Community
  2. pp. 213-226
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  1. 9. “To Reveal the Humble Immigrant Parents to Their Own Children”: Immigrant Women, Their American Daughters, and the Hull-House Labor Museum
  2. pp. 227-248
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  1. 10. Character’s Conduct: The Democratic Habits of Jane Addams’s “Charitable Effort”
  2. pp. 249-281
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  1. Selected Bibliography
  2. pp. 283-288
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 289-290
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 291-299
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