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The American New Woman Revisited
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summary
In North America between 1894 and 1930, the rise of the "New Woman" sparked controversy on both sides of the Atlantic and around the world. As she demanded a public voice as well as private fulfillment through work, education, and politics, American journalists debated and defined her. Who was she and where did she come from? Was she to be celebrated as the agent of progress or reviled as a traitor to the traditional family? Over time, the dominant version of the American New Woman became typified as white, educated, and middle class: the suffragist, progressive reformer, and bloomer-wearing bicyclist. By the 1920s, the jazz-dancing flapper epitomized her. Yet she also had many other faces. Bringing together a diverse range of essays from the periodical press of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Martha H. Patterson shows how the New Woman differed according to region, class, politics, race, ethnicity, and historical circumstance. In addition to the New Woman's prevailing incarnations, she appears here as a gun-wielding heroine, imperialist symbol, assimilationist icon, entrepreneur, socialist, anarchist, thief, vamp, and eugenicist. Together, these readings redefine our understanding of the New Woman and her cultural impact.

Table of Contents

  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-xi
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xiii-xiv
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-25
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  1. Part 1: Defining the New Woman in the Periodical Press
  2. p. 27
  1. “The New Aspect of the Woman Question," Sarah Grand
  2. pp. 29-34
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  1. “The New Woman,” Ouida
  2. pp. 35-42
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  1. “The Campaign Girl,” Kate Masterson
  2. pp. 43-45
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  1. “Here Is the New Woman”
  2. pp. 46-48
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  1. “Bloomers at the Bar”
  2. pp. 49-51
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  1. “The New-Woman Santa Claus”
  2. pp. 52-53
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  1. “The New Negro Woman," Mrs. Booker T. Washington
  2. pp. 54-59
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  1. “Woman in Another New Role”
  2. pp. 60-61
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  1. "The New Woman": An Address by Emma Goldman before the Liberal Progressive Society
  2. pp. 62-63
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  1. “The ‘New Woman’ Got the Drop on Him”
  2. pp. 69-70
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  1. “The Negro Woman—Social and Moral Decadence,” Eleanor Tayleur
  2. pp. 71-77
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  1. “Bicycle Number”
  2. pp. 78-79
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  1. “Ise Gwine ter Give You Gals What Straddle,” Edward Kemble
  2. pp. 80-81
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  1. “St. Valentine’s Number,” Charles Dana Gibson
  2. pp. 82-83
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  1. “The Flapper,” H.L. Mencken
  2. pp. 84-86
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  1. “The New Negro Woman”
  2. pp. 87-88
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  1. “A Bit of Life,” Russell
  2. pp. 89-90
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  1. Part II: Women’s Suffrage and Political Participation
  2. p. 91
  1. “The New Woman of the New South,” Josephine K. Henry
  2. pp. 93-97
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  1. “Foibles of the New Woman,” Ella W. Winston
  2. pp. 98-102
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  1. “In the Public Eye”
  2. pp. 103-104
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  1. “Suffragette [to the Bearded Lady]: How Do You Manage It?” Augustus Smith Daggy
  2. pp. 105-106
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  1. “Women’s Rights: and the Duties of Both Men and Women,” Theodore Roosevelt
  2. pp. 107-113
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  1. “Movie of a Woman on Election Day”
  2. pp. 114-116
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  1. “Squaws Demand ‘Rights’: Penobscot Indian Women Want Vote: Privilege in Tribal Elections”
  2. pp. 117-118
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  1. “The New Woman: What She Wanted and What She Got,” Frederick L. Collins
  2. pp. 119-123
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  1. “La Mujer Nueva” [The New Woman], Clotilde Betances Jaeger
  2. pp. 124-126
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  1. Part III: Temperance, Social Purity, and Maternalism
  2. p. 127
  1. “At Home with the Editor,” Edward Bok
  2. pp. 129-131
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  1. “The New Woman,” Rev. Ella E. Bartlett
  2. pp. 132-134
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  1. “The New Woman,” Lillian W. Betts
  2. pp. 135-136
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  1. “Miss Willard on the ‘New Woman’ ”
  2. pp. 137-139
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  1. “The Chinese Woman in America,” Sui Seen Far [Edith Eaton]
  2. pp. 140-144
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  1. “The New Woman,” Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  2. pp. 145-146
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  1. “The New Womanhood,” Charlotte Perkins Gilman
  2. pp. 147-150
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  1. “Alte und Neue Frauen” [Of Old and New Women], Frau Anna
  2. pp. 151-154
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  1. Part IV: The Women’s Club Movement and Women’s Education
  2. p. 155
  1. “Women’s Department,” Edited by Pauline E. Hopkins
  2. pp. 157-159
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  1. “A Girl’s College Life,” Lavinia Hart
  2. pp. 160-163
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  1. “The Typical Woman of the New South,” Julia Magruder
  2. pp. 164-167
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  1. “Rough Sketches: A Study of the Features of the New Negro Woman,” John H. Adams Jr.
  2. pp. 168-171
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  1. “The Modern Indian Girl”
  2. pp. 172-175
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  1. “Lo! The New Indian. Mohawk Belle”
  2. p. 176
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  1. “The Sacrifice”
  2. pp. 177-178
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  1. “Professional Training”
  2. p. 179
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  1. Part V: Work and the Labor Movement
  2. p. 181
  1. “The New Woman”
  2. pp. 183-184
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  1. “The New Woman and Her Ways: The Woman Farmer,” Maude Radford Warren
  2. pp. 185-187
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  1. “Debemos Trabajar” [We Must Work], Astrea
  2. pp. 188-189
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  1. “New Jobs for New Women,” Virginia Roderick
  2. pp. 190-192
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  1. “A New Woman?” Dorothy Weil
  2. pp. 193-199
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  1. “The Negro Woman Teacher and the Negro Student,” Elise Johnson McDougald
  2. pp. 200-202
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  1. “Pin-Money Slaves,” Poppy Cannon
  2. pp. 203-209
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  1. Part VI: World War I and Its Aftermath
  2. p. 211
  1. Cover of Hearst’s Magazine
  2. pp. 213-214
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  1. “A Farewell Letter to the Kaiser from Every Woman,” Helen Rowland
  2. pp. 215-217
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  1. “The New America, the American Jewish Woman: A Symposium,” Mrs. Caesar Misch
  2. pp. 218-220
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  1. “What the Newest New Woman Is,” Harriet Abbott
  2. pp. 221-223
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  1. Part VII: Prohibition and Sexuality
  2. p. 225
  1. “What Shall We Do with Jazz?” Martha Lee
  2. pp. 227-232
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  1. “Exodo de Una Flapper” [Exodus of a Flapper], Jorge Ulica
  2. pp. 233-235
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  1. “Sweet Sexteen,” John Held Jr.
  2. pp. 236-237
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  1. “The ‘Outrageous’ Younger Set: A Young Girl Attempts to Explain Some of the Forces That Brought It Into Being,” Elizabeth Benson
  2. pp. 238-242
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  1. “Fumando Espero” [Smoking I Wait], Alberto O’Farrill
  2. pp. 242-245
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  1. Part VIII: Consumer Culture, Leisure Culture, and Technology
  2. p. 247
  1. “The Eternal Feminine,” Jas. H. Collins
  2. pp. 249-252
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  1. “Battle Ax Plug”
  2. pp. 253-254
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  1. “The Athletic Woman,” Anna de Koven
  2. pp. 255-257
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  1. “The Woman of the Future,” Thomas A. Edison As Recorded in an Interview By Edward Marshall
  2. pp. 258-266
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  1. “The Woman’s Magazine,” Jeannette Eaton
  2. pp. 267-268
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  1. “Famous Bobbed-Hair Beauties”
  2. pp. 269-271
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  1. “From Ping Pong to Pants”
  2. pp. 272-273
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  1. “Daughters of the Sky,” Vera L. Connolly
  2. pp. 274-276
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  1. Part IX: Evolution, Birth Control, and Eugenics
  2. p. 277
  1. “Effeminate Men and Masculine Women,” William Lee Howard, M.D.
  2. pp. 279-281
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  1. “The Evolution of Sex in Mind,” Henry T. Finck
  2. pp. 282-286
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  1. “The New Woman Monkey” and “Evolution”
  2. pp. 287-289
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  1. “Flapper Americana Novissima,” G. Stanley Hall
  2. pp. 290-296
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  1. “The New Woman: In the Political World She Is the Source of All Reform Legislation and the One Power That Is Humanizing the World,” Saydee E. Parham
  2. pp. 297-299
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  1. “The New Woman in the Making,” Leta S. Hollingworth
  2. pp. 300-305
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  1. “La Mujer Nueva” [The New Woman], Clotilde Betances Jaeger
  2. pp. 306-309
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 311-330
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 331-340
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  1. About the Editor
  2. p. 341
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