A Textbook for Studying Basque, Volumes 1
Publication Year: 2008
Published by: University of Nevada Press
"I have written this text for the hyphenated Basques of the world who are more comfortable in English than any other language. They are the descendants of immigrants who started new lives in English-speaking countries, whose families made difficult and practical decisions about which language the children would use in their everyday lives. In my fourteen years as a teacher of Basque ..."
"I would like to thank the University of Nevada, Reno, for the sabbatical leave that allowed me to complete the manuscript for this book. This textbook would also have not been possible without the varied contributions of several people. In 1981, William A. Douglass hired me to work at the Center for Basque Studies (then called the Basque Studies Program), and that event launched my pursuit of Euskara. For that, I shall always be grateful ..."
How to Use This Book
"It is my hope that this textbook will provide an easy route to communication in Euskara. This text is not a comprehensive descriptive grammar, and for that reason I suggest the user also acquire Alan King’s book, The Basque Language, as well as the Basque-English, English-Basque Dictionary that Gorka Aulestia and I published, in order to satisfy those moments when the immediate desire ..."
Chapter One To Be or Not to Be
"Izan can serve as a stand-alone verb (called a synthetic verb) or a helper verb (auxiliary verb, which is used with other verbs). Whenever a new facet of an auxiliary verb or a synthetic verb is presented, information will be provided in parentheses as above with (nor / who). This information tells us that the..."
Chapter Two Location, Location, Location
"After studying the vocabulary, give the English equivalents for each line of the text. The translation is provided at the end of the chapter. Make flashcards for any words or phrases you could not recognize. Repeat this process after studying the chapter, because new grammer and new verbs have been introduced..."
Chapter Three I'm not from Around Here
"Euskadi is also known as the Basque Autonomous Community in Spain. It is comprised of the historical provinces or regions of Bizkaia, Gipuzkoa, and Araba. The Autonomous Community of Nafarroa is the official name of the historical province of Nafarroa..."
Chapter FourLiving It Up
"Try different methods for learning new vocabulary. Here are some suggestions. Make flashcards with Euskara on one side and English on the other. After testing yourself a few times with the cards, set a timer for two minutes and see how many you can answer correctly in that time."
Chapter Five This, That, and the Other
"Read the dialogue aloud several times until you are confident that you understand what you are saying. Remember, the English equivalents can always be found at the end of the chapter." Spend at least thirty minutes a day drilling new vocabulary words. Always practice two ways, orally and by writing the words several times."
Chapter Six Where Do We Go from Here?
"The conjugated forms of izan, egon, and joan are referred to as synthetic verbs. Later, we’ll learn how to make compound verbs that depend on synthetic auxiliary verbs for their formation. Compound verbs are used most often in conversation, and a handful of verbs are still commonly used in their synthetic forms. Another way to visualize this, showing the similarities of forms, is ..."
Chapter Seven Where Did That Come From?
"Change the model sentence by substituting the new subject and transforming the verb as necessary. Read through the drill a few times, then cover the righthand column to practice making the changes without looking at the answers."
Chapter Eight The Haves and the Have Nots
"The English equivalent of this passage appears at the end of the chapter in the answer section. Eduki is our second transitive verb. In chapter 7, we learned jakin and the subject markers that appear at the end of the conjugated forms. The verb eduki uses the same subject markers, but the stem is different."
Chapter Nine Been There, Done That
"The question Zer gertatu da? contains a compound verb formed by using the simple command form of one verb (gertatu) in combination with a present-tense form of izan. The form of the verb that we’ve been using for simple commands is also the form used to express the past participle and the infinitive. So ..."
Chapter Ten Yours, Mine and Ours
"We have learned the possessive adjectives nire, zure, bere, gure, zuen, and haien as vocabulary words, but we haven’t practiced them specifically. We’ll do that now. These forms can be used as adjectives with a noun or as pronouns replacing the noun. When used as the latter, the noun marker is attached to the..."
Chapter Eleven Wants and Needs
"Nahi (to want) and behar (to need) are expressed by compound constructions. Although they resemble a past tense, these are actually present-tense constructions. Nahi and behar immediately precede the auxiliary verb in affirmative sentences. In the examples that follow, the pronouns..."
Chapter Twelve What the Future Holds
"The future tense differs from the recent past in one small way. The basic verb carries a marker, either -ko or -go. It's actually an aspect marker, but we can call it a future marker. These markers are the same, morphemically speaking..."
Chapter Thirteen Living in the Here and Now
"Now that we have learned the recent past (present perfect) and the future tense, learning the habitual or compound present will be easy. All we need to do is use the present participle of the main verb instead of the basic form or the future form, and Hor dago! (There it is!) the present tense."
Chapter Fourteen Like It or not
"In this chapter, we will learn a new present-tense form of the verb izan (to be). By now you realize that in Euskara a lot of information is contained in the verb, so much information that Basques label their verbs with descriptive phrases that tell us what is included in each form. In chapter 1, we learned the..."
Publication Year: 2008
Volume Title: A Textbook for Studying Basque, Volumes 1
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