In this Book

This volume explores the role of religion and ritual in the origin of settled life in the Middle East, focusing on the repetitive construction of houses or cult buildings in the same place. Prominent archaeologists, anthropologists, and scholars of religion working at several of the region’s most important sites—such as Çatalhöyük, Göbekli Tepe, Körtik Tepe, and Aşıklı Höyük—contend that religious factors significantly affected the timing and stability of settled economic structures.
Contributors argue that the long-term social relationships characteristic of delayed-return agricultural systems must be based on historical ties to place and to ancestors. They define different forms of history-making, including nondiscursive routinized practices as well as commemorative memorialization. They consider the timing in the Neolithic of an emerging concern with history-making in place in relation to the adoption of farming and settled life in regional sequences. They explore whether such correlations indicate the causal processes in which history-making, ritual practices, agricultural intensification, population increase, and social competition all played a role.
Religion, History, and Place in the Origin of Settled Life takes a major step forward in understanding the adoption of farming and a settled way of life in the Middle East by foregrounding the roles of history-making and religious ritual. This work is relevant to students and scholars of Near Eastern archaeology, as well as those interested in the origins of agriculture and social complexity or the social role of religion in the past.
Contributors: Kurt W. Alt, Mark R. Anspach, Marion Benz, Lee Clare, Anna Belfer-Cohen, Morris Cohen, Oliver Dietrich, Güneş Duru, Yilmaz S. Erdal, Nigel Goring-Morris, Ian Hodder, Rosemary A. Joyce, Nicola Lercari, Wendy Matthews, Jens Notroff, Vecihi Özkaya, Feridun S. Şahin, F. Leron Shults, Devrim Sönmez, Christina Tsoraki, Wesley Wildman

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. List of Figures
  2. pp. ix-xii
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  1. List of Tables
  2. pp. xiii-2
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  1. Introduction: Two Forms of History Making in the Neolithic of the Middle East
  2. Ian Hodder
  3. pp. 3-32
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  1. 1. Simulating Religious Entanglement and Social Investment in the Neolithic
  2. F. LeRon Shults and Wesley J. Wildman
  3. pp. 33-63
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  1. 2. Creating Settled Life: Micro-Histories of Community, Ritual, and Place—the Central Zagros and Çatalhöyük
  2. Wendy Matthews
  3. pp. 64-98
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  1. 3. Long-Term Memory and the Community in the Later Prehistory of the Levant
  2. Nigel Goring-Morris and Anna Belfer-Cohen
  3. pp. 99-114
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  1. 4. Establishing Identities in the Proto-Neolithic:“History Making” at Göbekli Tepe from the Late Tenth Millennium cal BCE
  2. Lee Clare, Oliver Dietrich, Jens Notroff, and Devrim Sönmez
  3. pp. 115-136
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  1. 5. Re-presenting the Past: Evidence from Daily Practices and Rituals at Körtik Tepe
  2. Marion Benz, Kurt W. Alt, Yilmaz S. Erdal, Feridun S. Şahin, and Vecihi Özkaya
  3. pp. 137-161
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  1. 6. Sedentism and Solitude: Exploring the Impact of Private Space on Social Cohesion in the Neolithic
  2. Güneş Duru
  3. pp. 162-185
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  1. 7. “Every Man’s House Was His Temple”: Mimetic Dynamics in the Transition from Aşıklı Höyük to Çatalhöyük
  2. Mark R. Anspach
  3. pp. 186-211
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  1. 8. Interrogating “Property” at Neolithic Çatalhöyük
  2. Rosemary A. Joyce
  3. pp. 212-237
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  1. 9. The Ritualization of Daily Practice: Exploring the Staging of Ritual Acts at Neolithic Çatalhöyük, Turkey
  2. Christina Tsoraki
  3. pp. 238-262
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  1. 10. Virtually Rebuilding Çatalhöyük History Houses
  2. Nicola Lercari
  3. pp. 263-282
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  1. List of Contributors
  2. pp. 283-284
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 285-294
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