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Juan Bautista De Anza

Basque Explorer In The New World, 1693-1740

Donald Garate

Publication Year: 2003

Published by: University of Nevada Press


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pp. ix-ix

List of Illustrations

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pp. xi-xii

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pp. xiii-xx

The story of Juan Bautista de Anza, whether one is speaking of the father or of the son with the same name, is long overdue in the telling. The senior Juan Bautista de Anza, the subject of this volume, arrived in the New World in 1712 at the age of nineteen from the Basque village of Hernani in the Province of Gipuzkoa, Spain. He probably spoke only rudimentary Spanish when he arrived in Culiac

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pp. xxi-xxiii

On Saturday, May 25, 1996, we were informed of Jim Officer’s serious condition and that he would not be able to join us as planned at the First Annual Anza World Conference held in Arizpe, Sonora, Mexico, to present his paper entitled “Anza in Arizona". At eight o’clock on Sunday morning, May 26, 1996, we attended a special Mass held in his behalf in Nuestra Señora de la Asunción Cathedral in Arizpe. Five pages...

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1. Anza in Antiquity

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pp. 1-18

The name Anza is variegated. It is charged with meaning. It is unique. It is ancient. At the start of a history or biography of anyone of that name, the reader should understand these characteristics. The variable nature of anza is seen mostly in its dialectal pronunciations and in its spelling. It is Basque in origin, and since ...

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2. Life in Hernani

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pp. 19-53

Saturday, January 3, 1693, probably dawned chilly and overcast. Like every Saturday morning in Hernani, the streets were jammed with oxcarts and pack-laden donkeys bringing supplies and produce for sale, both in the open market on the plaza and to the stores lining Kale Nagusia and Kale Kardaberaz . The light that did manage to filter down past the tall buildings ...

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3. The New World

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pp. 54-81

Nuestra Se

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4. The Cavalry of the Frontier

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pp. 82-114

The Presidio of Janos 2 in the present-day state of Chihuahua, unlike most of the presidios of its day, was truly built like a fort. Housing for the soldiers surrounded a courtyard that was some ninety yards square. Each room of the barracks opened onto the square, where a double wall near its front enclosed a smaller compound. Thus, those entering the main gate on the southeast ...

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5. Apaches, Livestock, Politics, and Jesuits

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pp. 115-156

The territory for which Juan Bautista de Anza found himself responsible as captain of the presidio at Fronteras was so vast as to stagger the imagination of any European of his day. It was ten times the size of his native Basque country. It was twice the size of Portugal and one-third the size of the entire country of Spain. It covered over 100,000 square miles. And he was expected

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6. The Final Years

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pp. 157-210

Most Illustrious Lord: I am ever mindful, Most Illustrious Lord, of the favors you have seen fit to bestow upon me. I should like to reciprocate, to the extent that my small talents will permit, with news I shall relate that I believe you will find especially pleasing since the circumstances could result in the augmentation and spread of the Holy Gospel where it was planted at the insistence ...


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pp. 211-226


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pp. 227-288


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pp. 314-321


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pp. 297-302


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pp. 303-323

E-ISBN-13: 9780874175608
Print-ISBN-13: 9780874175059

Page Count: 360
Illustrations: 14 b/w photos, 8 line art, 2 maps
Publication Year: 2003

OCLC Number: 52870687
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Juan Bautista De Anza

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Subject Headings

  • Southwest, New -- History -- To 1848.
  • Anza, Juan Bautista de, 1693-1740.
  • Explorers -- Spain -- Biography.
  • Southwest, New -- Discovery and exploration -- Basque.
  • Frontier and pioneer life -- Southwest, New.
  • Explorers -- Southwest, New -- Biography.
  • Southwest, New -- Biography.
  • Basques -- Southwest, New -- Biography.
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