In this Book

summary
The overall purpose of Human Embryos, Human Beings is to establish the ontological status of the human embryo, in light of the most recent biological evidence. The thesis of the book is that sound philosophical reasoning and the available scientific evidence support the claim that a human being is present from the moment of fertilization onward (the “immediate hominization” view) and does not support the contrary claim that a human being appears only after a time following fertilization (the “delayed hominization” view).

Included in the scope of this argument is an examination of several long-standing philosophical arguments claiming that immediate hominization is false; a detailed examination of several arguments claiming that though immediate hominization is possible, both evidence and argument best support the delayed hominization view or some alternate view; and an examination of several cases where natural defect or scientific manipulation make determining the ontological status of the embryo more difficult. The book also includes a presentation of hylomorphism, as this is the philosophical viewpoint employed by the authors to analyze the question.

Human Embryos, Human Beings is based on the premise that philosophical and scientific approaches are not in conflict, with the most comprehensive understanding of human embryos being achieved by application of a rigorous hylomorphic philosophy to the best available scientific data. Often, one finds either a thorough and well-reasoned philosophical account or a detailed scientific account. This book makes a welcome addition to the field by integrating both of these needed elements into a single text.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. List of Figures and Table
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. List of Abbreviations
  2. pp. xi-xiv
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  1. Introduction: A Tale of Two Ontologies: Are Humans Designated or Discovered?
  2. pp. 1-19
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  1. 1. Ontology and Embryos: On Being an Embryo
  2. pp. 20-45
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  1. 2. Arguments from Ontology: "It can’t be human because it contradicts, ontologically"
  2. pp. 46-76
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  1. 3. Arguments from Potential: "It can’t be human because it contradicts, factually"
  2. pp. 77-105
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  1. 4. Arguments from Observation: "It could be human, but the facts suggest otherwise"
  2. pp. 106-132
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  1. 5. Developmental Systems Theory and "Fuzzy" Organisms: "It’s not human until we say it’s human"
  2. pp. 133-146
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  1. 6. The Postmodern Connection: Form, Fiat, and Intention
  2. pp. 147-176
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  1. 7. Humans and Organization: Defining the Hallmarks of Human Existence
  2. pp. 177-194
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  1. 8. Some Difficult Cases: A Practical Guide for Evaluation
  2. pp. 195-222
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  1. 9. A Contested Case: Altered Nuclear Transfer: How to Evaluate Entities Produced by Experimenters
  2. pp. 223-258
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  1. Epilogue: Metaphysics Matters
  2. pp. 259-264
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  1. Glossary
  2. pp. 265-270
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 271-282
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 283-287
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780813230245
Print ISBN
9780813230238
MARC Record
OCLC
1038796894
Pages
301
Launched on MUSE
2018-06-13
Language
English
Open Access
N
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