In this Book

summary
The Croatan Indians of Sampson County, NC, written by George Edwin Butler (1868-1941) and composed only a year after Special Indian Agent Orlando McPherson's Indians of North Carolina report, was an appeal to the state of North Carolina to create schools for the "Croatans" of Sampson County just as it had for those designated as Croatans in, for example, Robeson County, North Carolina. Butler's report would prove to be important in an evolving system of southern racial apartheid that remained uncertain of the place of Native Americans. It documents a troubled history of cultural exchange and conflict between North Carolina's native peoples and the European colonists who came to call it home. The report reaches many erroneous conclusions, in part because it was based in an anthropological framework of white supremacy, segregation-era politics, and assumptions about racial "purity." Indeed, Butler's colonial history connecting Sampson County Indians to early colonial settlers was used to legitimize them and to deflect their categorization as African-Americans. In statements about the fitness of certain populations to coexist with European-American neighbors and in sympathetic descriptions of nearly-white "Indians," it reveals the racial and cultural sensibilities of white North Carolinians, the persistent tensions between tolerance and self-interest, and the extent of their willingness to accept indigenous "Others" as neighbors.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, About this Edition, Summary
  2. pp. 1-11
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. 12-13
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  1. A Petition of the Indians of Sampson County
  2. pp. 14-16
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  1. Historical Sketch
  2. pp. 17-18
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  1. Historical
  2. p. 19
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  1. The Croatans
  2. p. 20
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  1. White’s Lost Colony
  2. pp. 21-29
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  1. Their Wanderings and Location
  2. pp. 30-36
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  1. Political and Educational History
  2. pp. 37-40
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  1. First Separate Schools for Croatans
  2. p. 41
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  1. Marriage with Negroes Forbidden
  2. p. 42
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  1. Separate Schools in Other Counties
  2. pp. 43-45
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  1. Separate Schools in Sampson
  2. p. 46
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  1. Why the Indian School in Sampson was Repealed
  2. p. 47
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  1. Indian Tax Payers in Sampson
  2. pp. 48-50
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  1. Easily Recognized as Indians
  2. p. 51
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  1. They Were Never Slaves
  2. p. 52
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  1. Formerly Eroneously Classed as Negroes
  2. p. 53
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  1. Laws of State Recognize Them as Separate Race
  2. pp. 54-55
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  1. Indians Justly Proud of Their History
  2. p. 56
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  1. Better Educational Facilities Should be Provided
  2. pp. 57-58
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  1. Indian Taxes in Sampson
  2. pp. 59-62
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  1. New Bethel Indian School
  2. pp. 63-65
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  1. Shiloh Indian School
  2. pp. 66-68
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  1. Sketch of Prominent Indian Families of Sampson
  1. The Emanuel Family
  2. pp. 70-74
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  1. The Maynor Family
  2. p. 75
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  1. The Brewington Family
  2. pp. 76-84
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  1. The Jones Family
  2. pp. 85-87
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  1. The Simmons Family
  2. pp. 88-90
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  1. The Jacobs Family
  2. p. 91
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  1. Indian Families of Sampson
  2. pp. 92-94
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  1. Back Cover
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781469641836
Related ISBN
9781469641812
MARC Record
OCLC
1038708246
Pages
94
Launched on MUSE
2018-06-07
Language
English
Open Access
No
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