In this Book

summary
During the first fifteen months of the Civil War, the policies and attitudes of Union officers toward emancipation in the western theater were, at best, inconsistent and fraught with internal strains. But after Congress passed the Second Confiscation Act in 1862, army policy became mostly consistent in its support of liberating the slaves in general, in spite of Union army officers' differences of opinion. By 1863 and the final Emancipation Proclamation, the army had transformed into the key force for instituting emancipation in the West. However, Kristopher Teters argues that the guiding principles behind this development in attitudes and policy were a result of military necessity and pragmatic strategies, rather than an effort to enact racial equality.

Through extensive research in the letters and diaries of western Union officers, Teters demonstrates how practical considerations drove both the attitudes and policies of Union officers regarding emancipation. Officers primarily embraced emancipation and the use of black soldiers because they believed both policies would help them win the war and save the Union, but their views on race actually changed very little. In the end, however, despite its practical bent, Teters argues, the Union army was instrumental in bringing freedom to the slaves.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-x
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  1. Introduction: Looking for Chamberlain
  2. pp. 1-7
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  1. 1 The Union Army’s Struggle over the Limits of Confiscation in the West
  2. pp. 8-35
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  1. 2 An Emancipationist Turn of Policy
  2. pp. 36-59
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  1. 3 Union Officers and the Intense Debate Over Emancipation and Black Troops
  2. pp. 60-82
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  1. 4 Officers, Servants, and Race
  2. pp. 83-105
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  1. 5 A Practical Army of Liberation: How the Union Army Carried Out Emancipation in the West
  2. pp. 106-132
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  1. 6 William T. Sherman and His Officers: The Reluctant Emancipators
  2. pp. 133-152
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  1. Conclusion: How Transformative Was the Civil War?
  2. pp. 153-158
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. 159-162
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  1. Notes on Methodology
  2. pp. 163-166
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 167-196
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 197-216
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 217-225
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781469638881
Related ISBN
9781469638867
MARC Record
OCLC
1032375395
Pages
240
Launched on MUSE
2018-05-03
Language
English
Open Access
No
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