The Postclassic to Spanish-Era Transition in Mesoamerica
Publication Year: 2005
Published by: University of New Mexico Press
TItle Page, Copyright
Scholars who dig in the ground for source materials and those who dig around in archives have traditionally lived in different intellectual worlds. Born as a formal discipline before archaeology, history long ago divided the human past into periods when people left written records (history) and earlier non-literate periods (prehistory).Archaeologists were consigned to (or...
ONE. The Postclassic to Spanish-EraTransition in Mesoamerica: An Introduction
The purpose of this volume is to trace the broad processes of culture change in Mesoamerica occasioned by the Spanish invasion from a long-term archaeological perspective that spans several centuries on either side of the first European arrivals. No one would underrate the tragic consequences of the Spanish conquest—a...
TWO. The Aztec Palace under Spanish Rule: Disk Motifs in the Mapa de M
In Late Postclassic central Mexico, each community’s political life was centered upon the local lord’s residence and administrative headquarters. This building was called the tecpan-calli, literally meaning “lordplace house” in Nahuatl, the Aztec language (Figure 2.1). Thus the tecpan (as the building is usually called) had a continuing institutional identity, a role in community...
THREE. Consumption and the Varied Ideologies of Domination in Colonial Mexico City
The concept of ideology is often used when analyzing stratified societies with a clearly defined dominant class (or classes) and strategies of display and domination. Wolf (1999:4) defined ideology as “the unified schemes or configurations developed to underwrite or manifest power.”Many others have emphasized that ideologies help create and emphasize thoughts...
FOUR. The Basin of Mexico A.D. 1450–1620: Archaeological Dimensions
In the historical archaeology of the Basin of Mexico (Figure 4.1) the brunt of the Spanish conquest appears earliest and most clearly in Late Horizon Tenochtitlán- Tlatelolco, the macro-urban center of the indigenous Tenochca city-state’s imperial system and, as Early Colonial Mexico-Tenochtitlán, the regional center of the...
FIVE. From Imperial Core to Colonial Peripher: yThe Lake Pátzcuaro Basin 1400–1800
In 1522, the Tarascan king ruled over a domain of more than 75,000 km2 in the west-central highlands of Mexico, including the modern state of Michoac
SIX. The Consequences of Spanish Colonial Rule for the Indigenous Peoples of Chiapas, Mexico
Despite a flurry of media attention on Chiapas and on the plight of the state’s Maya population following the 1994 Zapatista rebellion, the history of Chiapas remains poorly understood compared to other regions of Mesoamerica. The state of Chiapas is large (Figure 6.1); it is geographically, environmentally, and ethnically diverse; and the various regions of the...
SEVEN. On the Margins of Peripheries: The Consequences of Differential Incorporation in the Colonial Southwest
Landlocked, and at a remove of 1,800 miles from its namesake city, seventeenth-century la Nueva México was, in the words of one colonial governor, a kingdom remote beyond compare, “the last [place] on earth” (Kessell 1989:181; Figure 7.1).1 Extension of Spanish colonial hegemony over the “interior lands” or...
EIGHT. Mayas, Spaniards, and Salt: World Systems Shifts in Sixteenth-Century Yucat
The true subject of historical archaeology, according to cutting-edge theorist Charles Orser (1996:71–72; see also Trigger 1980, 1989;Wolf 1982:ix) is the juncture of Eurocentrism, colonialism, capitalism, and modernity. Until recently, Mayanists—generally a conservative group (Kepecs 1999; Marcus 1983a)—have been slow...
NINE. Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Maya Political Geography in Central Pet
There is ample archaeological evidence for the development of Maya civilization over several millennia in the lowlands of the modern political Department of El Pet
TEN. Isla Cilvituk and the Difficulties of Spanish Colonization in Southwestern Campeche
When the Spaniards colonized southwestern Campeche (1525–1660), they tried to implement the same policies that were proving effective throughout New Spain. To maximize tributary surplus, the Spanish administration aggregated the Maya population in specific locations, vested the authority for tribute collection...
ELEVEN. Postcolonial Conquest of the Southern Maya Lowlands, Cross-Cultural Interaction, and Lacandon Maya Culture Change
Foreign conquest, the introduction of Christianity, colonization of indigenous territory, and the longterm socioeconomic interaction between native peoples and European colonists occurred comparatively late in the lowland rainforests of Chiapas,Mexico, and Petén, Guatemala. Here the Ch’olan- and Yucatec-...
Page Count: 272
Illustrations: 5 halftones, 13 line drawings, 37 maps
Publication Year: 2005
OCLC Number: 779181655
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