Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

Illustrations

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pp. ix-x

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xiv

I am grateful to Franklin & Marshall College for the sabbatical during which I wrote most of the pages that follow, and also for the college’s support of my research and teaching over the course of thirty-eight years. During that time many F&M students have helped me in my research...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-7

Since 1962 the Hudson River Valley has been a key battleground in the development of modern environmentalism in the United States. What began with a small group of individuals opposed to Consolidated Edison’s plan to construct a pumped-storage power plant at Storm King Mountain...

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1. The Battle over Storm King

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pp. 8-26

On September 27, 1962, the New York Times reported that Consolidated Edison, the electrical utility that provides power to New York City and Westchester County, was planning to construct a pumped-storage power plant at Storm King Mountain, on the west bank of the Hudson...

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2. Politics and the River

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pp. 27-51

Scenic Hudson’s defense of Storm King Mountain was the opening battle over the future of the Hudson River Valley and, indeed, the future of American environmentalism. Storm King would spark a wide range of environmental concerns in succeeding years, and led many citizens to perceive...

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3. Pete Seeger and the Clearwater

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pp. 52-78

On April 14, 1970, the Hudson River sloop Clearwater left its mooring at the South Street pier in Lower Manhattan and began a journey to the nation’s capital, where the ship and its crew would participate in the first Earth Day. As the sloop sailed up the Potomac to testify to the importance...

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4. The Fishermen and the Riverkeeper

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pp. 79-102

The Hudson River is an incredibly rich resource for marine life. When Henry Hudson first sailed up the river in 1609, one of his officers aboard the Half Moon, Robert Juet, recorded in his journal the abundance of the countryside as well as the sheer number and diversity of aquatic species...

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5. The Continuing Battle against Power Plants

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pp. 103-129

On September 27, 1969, Rod Vandivert submitted a special report, “Utilities and the Hudson River,” to the annual meeting of the New York State Conservation Council. He did so not as executive director of the Scenic Hudson Preservation Conference but as a member of the Suffolk...

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6. Scenic Hudson’s Expanding Mission

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pp. 130-158

When Russell Train announced the “Hudson River Peace Treaty” on December 19, 1980, which ended Scenic Hudson’s seventeen-year battle against Con Ed’s proposed pumped-storage power plant at Storm King Mountain, the organization might simply have claimed victory and disbanded...

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7. Linking Landscapes and Promoting History

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pp. 159-184

Two organizations that emerged in the 1990s that are essential to the economy and quality of life in the valley are the Hudson River Valley Greenway and the Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area. The Greenway is a program adopted, at the urging of Governor Mario M. Cuomo...

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8. A Poisoned River

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pp. 185-208

In December 1971 the Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation applied to the state Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) for a permit to remove a small old dam at Fort Edward that was producing very little electricity and needed expensive repairs. The application was also reviewed...

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9. A River Still Worth Fighting For

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pp. 209-226

The Hudson continues to flow from the Adirondacks to the sea, and along the way passes through some of the most beautiful scenery in the eastern United States. Much of the landscape is pastoral, with centuries-old farms lying just beyond the river’s banks. The Catskill Mountains, the...

Notes

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pp. 227-254

Index

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pp. 255-266