Cover

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Title Page, Series Page, Copyright, Epigraphs, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

List of Illustrations

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pp. ix-x

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xiv

The historian and the Scout have much in common. Both veer off well-trodden paths and reconnoiter unknown territory, both blaze trails that others are supposed to follow, and both are respected for sharing with a broader audience the knowledge they have gained from exploring faraway countries or...

Abbreviations

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pp. xv-xviii

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Introduction: The White Boy’s Burden

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pp. 1-18

Waging war in Afghanistan and Iraq, U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates rarely got a chance to relive the lighter days of his youth. One such moment came on July 28, 2010—a day of celebration at Fort A.P. Hill in Virginia. The year marked the one-hundredth birthday of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA)...

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1. Brothers Together: Men, Boys, and the Rejuvenation of Empire

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pp. 19-53

Albert Snoke’s heart pounded with excitement. The Eagle Scout from Puyallup, Washington, was about to meet King Christian X of Denmark. The Danish king and other foreign dignitaries had gathered a few miles north of Copenhagen in August 1924 for a parade of Boy Scouts from thirty-four nations...

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2. From Africa to Antarctica: Expeditions to the Global Frontier

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pp. 54-87

It is easy to imagine the smile that Max Mangum’s letter from far-flung Tahiti must have put on James West’s face. A Mormon and former Boy Scout living in the South Pacific, Mangum wrote about a curious encounter with a group of sailors who had landed in Papeete Harbor in November 1928 to take...

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3. A Junior League of Nations: Campfire Diplomacy at the World Jamborees

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pp. 88-128

Flush from the victory in World War I, many Americans found internationalism a dirty word. The mere mention of the term was enough to drive Daniel Carter Beard up the wall. Talk about giving up sovereignty in exchange for vague notions of world peace, Beard seethed in April 1920, was nothing...

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4. A Brother to All? Scouting and the Problem of Race

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pp. 129-167

In the summer of 1937, scoutmaster Heihachiro Ono’s gaze wandered across the Pacific. Ono had been asked to study the Boy Scouts in the United States and publish his findings in the official bulletin of the Boy Scouts of Japan. That summer, the BSA held its first national jamboree in Washington, DC. With...

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5. Youth Marches: Depression, Dictators, and War

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pp. 168-205

People may think that the economic and political turbulence of the Depression era took a heavy toll on the BSA. But this was not the case. Although jobless scoutmasters looking for work left troops leaderless and dwindling budgets led to cutbacks in professional staff and spending, the BSA attracted a steady...

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6. Are You a Crusader? Raising Cold Warriors

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pp. 206-242

Few paintings represented the suburban sensibilities of Cold War America more lovingly than Norman Rockwell’s Homecoming. Radiating domestic warmth and familial intimacy, the painting, featured in the annual BSA calendar for 1961, shows a sporty and suntanned young Scout welcomed home by...

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7. Innocents Abroad: Scouting across the U.S. Military Empire

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pp. 243-274

In January 1945, the editors of Scouting advertised a short play written by Ohio scout executive O. W. Bennet that celebrated the recent victories of America’s armed forces. The play starts with two fictional Scouts, a Cub Scout and an older Scout, kneeling before a large map of the world with the United...

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Epilogue: The Woes of Aging

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pp. 275-286

As Americans were celebrating the nation’s bicentennial in 1976, the country’s largest boy organization was in the middle of a stunning makeover. Sixty-six years after its incorporation, the BSA announced that it was changing its name to Scouting/USA. Scout administrators had thought long and hard about...

Appendix: Questionnaire

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pp. 287-288

Notes

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pp. 289-332

Bibliography

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pp. 333-364

Index

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pp. 365-374