The Port of Hong Kong
A Survey of its Development
Publication Year: 1973
Published by: Hong Kong University Press, HKU
THE development of a port is not a function of local circumstances alone. Economic and social progress in the area it serves, the rise and fall of rivals and the development of world shipping are all important factors to which a port readily responds. This is specially true of Hong Kong where, until very recently, there has been little local attraction for...
CHAPTER ONE: THE PHYSICAL SETTING
IN assessing the influence of the physical setting on the development of the port of Hong Kong, it is important to bear in mind the fact that the port is a recent creation which has not been developed primarily by indigenous people to meet local demands. Hong Kong, before it became a British colony, was not the point where transport by water and by land met. For the accommodation...
CHAPTER TWO: FOUNDATIONS OF THE ENTREP
THE Colony of Hong Kong did not have a large population to start with: in 1841 it was a barren island with a few mat-sheds for fishermen. Underlying its subsequent development as a port is a long history of international trade, and from this trade came the justification for its initial growth. At the time of Hong Kong's cession to the British Government in 1841, it had been repeatedly...
CHAPTER THREE: DEVELOPMENT PRIOR TO THE SECOND WORLD WAR
TOWARDS the end of the nineteenth century, Hong Kong's position as a major port in world trade and as a terminus for China's coastal trade was firmly established. Since land transport in China was practically undeveloped, an efficient link between its coastal and inland waterways and the world shipping routes was vital to its economic development. Hong Kong with its transhipment...
CHAPTER FOUR: DESTRUCTION AND REHABILITATION, 1941-6
IN 1941, the year in which Hong Kong completed its first century of existence as a British Colony, this city of refuge became the scene of war and destruction. The rapid change in the physical, economic and political conditions in the Colony, brought about by the Japanese invasion in December 1941, was matched only by its speedy recovery under the British Military Administration, after...
CHAPTER FIVE: RECONSTRUCTION AND INDUSTRIALIZATION, 1946-50
CHAPTER SIX: MODERNIZATION OF THE PORT, 1951-70
FOR the port of Hong Kong, the United Nations embargo on trade with mainland China amounted to the loss of its traditional hinterland. The reorientation of the port's economy required the complete readjustment of its trading activities. China's share of the export trade of Hong Kong was reduced from 36-2% in 1951 to 18-3% in 1952, and it continued to dwindle to the relatively insignificant amount...
CHAPTER SEVEN: CONCLUSION AND PROSPECT: Problems of port modernization.
No comprehensive study of the growth of the Colony can fail to point out the dependence of its economy on the port. The only natural resource of Hong Kong is its magnificent harbour. At the same time, it must be recognized that there have been important human factors influencing port development. The singularity of its great...
Page Count: 154
Publication Year: 1973
OCLC Number: 652731035
MUSE Marc Record: Download for The Port of Hong Kong