Cover

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Half Title, Title Page, Copyright

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Table of Contents

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pp. v-viii

List of Figures and Tables

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pp. ix-x

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

We wish to thank our research assistants, Isabelle Bastrash, Marie-Ève Bédard-Nadeau, Geneviève Garceau, Vanessa Lapierre, Catherine Patenaude, Alison Pellerin, Alexandra Richard, and Michaël Sam Tion, for their literature search, bibliographic filing, and formatting. We are grateful to Dr. Didier Jutras-Aswad ...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-4

The idea that drugs can have negative effects on users and lead people to commit crimes is not new, but is it valid? In this book, we take a practical, scientific approach toward better understanding the relationships between drugs and crime. Our research focuses on how those relationships develop, but before delving ...

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Chapter 1. Links Between Drugs and Crime in Facts and Figures

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pp. 5-18

Although awareness raising and prevention are appropriate responses to the current state of drug use within the general population and for youth in particular, there is greater cause for concern when it comes to youth and adults involved in the legal system. The proportion of drug users and drug-dependent individuals ..

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Chapter 2. Drugs: A Detailed Criminogenic Profile

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pp. 19-50

In chapter 1, we presented a general overview of drug use among juvenile and adult offenders. Epidemiological data show that illicit psychoactive substance use is often associated with the commission of crimes among offenders apprehended by the criminal justice system. In this chapter, we examine the main characteristics of the most ...

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Chapter 3. The Legal and Political Landscape

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pp. 51-78

In this chapter, we describe how psychoactive substance use fits into the Canadian legal and political landscape. We analyze how our relationship with drugs changed to the point that some were criminalized. We try to understand how legislation and policy affect the relationship between drugs and crime. We also discuss recent policy developments that offer realistic alternatives to repression. ...

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Chapter 4. Proximal and Distal Models: A Static Conceptualization

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pp. 79-100

Studies show that, in Canada, fully half of all young offenders and inmates identify some connection between their criminality and their use of psychoactive substances (Brochu et al. 2010; Dufour 2004; Pernanen et al. 2002). In the latter half of the twentieth century, such statistics prompted researchers to develop a number of conceptual ...

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Chapter 5. Trajectories: A Dynamic Conceptualization

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pp. 101-122

When the topic of illicit drugs comes up in conversation, the ensuing vigorous debate exposes ignorance of the facts. Though not widely known to the public, studies from the past decade have nevertheless radically updated our knowledge of the field of illicit drugs. Psychoactive substance use has become much more widespread ...

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Chapter 6. Deviant Lifestyles: An Integrated Conceptualization

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pp. 123-138

In this chapter, we will integrate the findings we have presented so far as we break down the relationship between drugs and crime.1 Our goal is to enable the reader to grasp its full complexity and better understand the ins and outs. We will make use of the conceptual models introduced in chapter 4 and the notions of trajectory we analyzed in chapter 5. ...

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Chapter 7. Treating Addicts in the Criminal Justice System

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pp. 139-170

In this chapter, we focus on the abundance of scientific documentation about treating drug-dependent adults in the criminal justice system and the issues involved. We will also look at key findings from studies on drug-dependent youth. Drawing on our review of the literature, we will highlight the ingredients for successful treatment, ...

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Conclusion

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pp. 171-178

Persistent myths and a heavy dose of sensationalism warp our understanding of issues related to illicit drugs. Too many people are under the impression that using psychoactive substances means surrendering to their tyrannical grip and allowing them to take total control of one’s existence. ...

References

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pp. 179-224

About the Authors and Translator

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pp. 225-226

Series Info

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Back Cover

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