Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

List of Figures

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pp. ix-x

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Acknowledgements

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pp. xi-xii

This book has evolved from a doctoral dissertation in the department of history at the national university of ireland (nui), galway. Thanks, therefore, must go to those who helped me to see the dissertation to fruition. I am deeply grateful to Dr Mary Harris of the department of history at nui, galway, for her invaluable advice and assistance. She has been a very helpful mentor and a supportive colleague. ...

List of Abbreviations

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p. xiii

Note on terms used in Irish

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p. xiv

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Introduction

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pp. 1-13

This book examines Tuairim (‘opinion’ in irish), an intellectual movement which was active in ireland from 1954 to 1975. Tuairim’s significance lay in the ideas put forward in the pamphlets it published as well as at the meetings it organised; these addressed several burning issues at the time, including Northern Ireland, electoral reform, education and censorship. ...

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1. Tuairim and the intellectual climate in Ireland

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pp. 14-58

The intellectual climate in ireland during the 1950s was not conducive to the development of new ideas. Nevertheless, the serious problems which marked that decade meant that traditional policies were increasingly questioned. as emigration soared, the political establishment became convinced from the late 1950s of the need for a more open economy and began to recognise the benefits of investment in education. ...

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2. Representation and reform: Tuairim, the government and the Oireachtas

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pp. 59-101

Tuairim argued for a thorough overhaul of the state’s administration and its political institutions. Ireland’s development needed to be planned, according to the society, and the way policy was formulated fundamentally reformed if the state was to respond effectively to the major challenges of this period. The existing culture within governmental circles inhibited sustained intellectual analysis. ...

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3. North and south: Tuairim and a divided island

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pp. 102-149

Tuairim contributed significantly to a reassessment of nationalist attitudes in relation to Northern Ireland. While Tuairim’s views impacted most directly on southern thinking, the society also attempted to influence unionism. Tuairim, however, was closer to nationalists. In this regard, the extent to which there was interaction between the society’s members and northern nationalists was impressive. ...

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4. Discourse and discord: Tuairim’s challenge to the conservative consensus on education and childcare

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pp. 150-209

Tuairim advocated radical reforms to primary, post-primary and third-level education as well as to the system of childcare in ireland. Increased investment in primary and post-primary schools, an end to divisions between the different strands of education and a third-level sector where both ucd and Trinity would play a full part in the future of the country were among the recommendations made by the society. ...

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5. Sense and censorship: Tuairim and cultural conservatism

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pp. 210-224

The extreme form of censorship was anathema to Tuairim and its aim of creating a more open society. In attempting to influence public opinion and public policy in favour of changes to the system of censorship, Tuairim invited several individuals, most notably Fr. Peter Connolly, to speak to the society. Connolly, through his speeches and articles, ...

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Conclusion

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pp. 225-231

Tuairim influenced the key policy decisions which shaped modern ireland. Investment in education, reforms to censorship and the system of childcare as well as moves towards a more conciliatory policy in relation to Northern Ireland were all policies on which Tuairim’s members voiced influential arguments. In relation to debates on these and other matters, ...

Select bibliography

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pp. 232-244

Index

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pp. 245-248