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Historical and Archaeological Perspectives on the Itzas of Petén, Guatemala is the first exhaustively detailed and thorough account of the Itzas—a Maya group that dominated much of the western lowland area of tropical forest, swamps, and grasslands in Petén, Guatemala. Examining archaeological and historical evidence, Prudence Rice and Don Rice present a theoretical perspective on the Itzas’ origins and an overview of the social, political, linguistic, and environmental history of the area; explain the Spanish view of the Itzas during the Conquest; and explore the material culture of the Itzas as it has been revealed in recent surveys and excavations.

The long but fragmented history of the Petén Itzas requires investigation across multiple periods and regions. Chapters in this six-part overview interweave varying data pertaining to this group—archaeological, artifactual, indigenous textual, Spanish historical—from multiple languages and academic fields, such as anthropology, archaeology, linguistics, ecology, and history. Part I introduces the lowland Itzas, northern and southern, with an emphasis on those of the central Petén lakes area. Part II discusses general Itza origins and identities in the Epiclassic period, while part III reviews Spanish perceptions and misconceptions of the Petén Itzas in their Contact-period writings. With these temporal anchors, parts IV and V present the archaeology and artifacts of the Petén Itzas, including pottery, architecture, and arrow points, from varied sites and excavations but primarily focusing on the island capital of Tayza/Nojpetén. Part VI summarizes key data and themes of the preceding chapters for a new understanding of the Petén Itzas.

A companion volume to The Kowoj—a similar treatment of the Petén Itzas’ regional neighbors—Historical and Archaeological Perspectives on the Itzas of Petén, Guatemala demonstrates the unique physical, cultural, and social framework that was home to the Petén Itza, along with their backstory in northern Yucatán. Archaeologists, historians, art historians, and geographers who specialize in the Maya and the Postclassic, Contact, and Colonial periods will find this book of particular interest.

Contributors: Mark Brenner, Leslie G. Cecil, Charles Andrew Hofling, Nathan J. Meissner, Timothy W. Pugh, Yuko Shiratori

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-xii
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  1. List of Figures
  2. pp. xiii-xvi
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  1. List of Tables
  2. pp. xvii-xviii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xix-xxii
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  1. The Inevitable Note on Orthography
  2. pp. xxiii-xxiv
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xxv-2
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  1. Part I. Cultural and Environmental Perspectives
  2. pp. 3-4
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  1. 1. Introduction: The Itza Mayas and the Petén Itza Mayas, Their Environments and Their Neighbors
  2. Prudence M. Rice and Don S. Rice
  3. pp. 5-27
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  1. 2. Itzaj Maya from a Historical Perspective
  2. Charles Andrew Hofling
  3. pp. 28-39
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  1. 3. The Lake Petén Itzá Watershed: Modern and Historical Ecology
  2. Mark Brenner
  3. pp. 40-54
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  1. Part II. Theoretic al Perspectives on the Epiclassic Itzas: Factions, Migrations, Origins, and Texts
  2. pp. 55-58
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  1. 4. Theoretical Contexts
  2. Prudence M. Rice
  3. pp. 59-76
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  1. 5. Itza Origins: Texts, Myths, Legends
  2. Prudence M. Rice
  3. pp. 77-96
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  1. 6. Lowland Maya Epiclassic Migrations
  2. Prudence M. Rice
  3. pp. 97-113
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  1. 7. Epiclassic Material Perspectives on the Itzas
  2. Prudence M. Rice
  3. pp. 114-134
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  1. Part III. Spanish Perspectives: Contactand Conquest “de paz y de paso”
  2. pp. 135-138
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  1. 8. Spanish Contacts and Conquest of Tayza
  2. Prudence M. Rice
  3. pp. 139-159
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  1. 9. Deconstructing Avendaño: Revisiting Visits to the Petén Itzas and Yalain
  2. Prudence M. Rice and Don S. Rice
  3. pp. 160-178
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  1. 10. Knowing the Other: Reading Avendaño’s Map of the Laguna del Ytza
  2. Don S. Rice
  3. pp. 179-200
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  1. Part IV. Material Perspectives: Postclassic and Contact-Period Archaeology and Artifacts
  2. pp. 201-204
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  1. 11. Postclassic Pottery and Identities
  2. Prudence M. Rice and Leslie G. Cecil
  3. pp. 205-226
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  1. 12. Postclassic Architectural Traditions and the Petén Itzas
  2. Timothy W. Pugh and Yuko Shiratori
  3. pp. 227-251
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  1. 13. Small Projectile Points of Petén: Resources, Production, and Interpolity Variability
  2. Nathan J. Meissner
  3. pp. 252-272
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  1. Part V. Perspectives on Tayza/Flores: Modern, Historical, and Material
  2. pp. 273-274
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  1. 14. Flores Island, “la Perla Itzalana
  2. Prudence M. Rice
  3. pp. 275-288
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  1. 15. Historical Perspectives on Tayza/Flores
  2. Prudence M. Rice
  3. pp. 289-309
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  1. 16. The Archaeology of Tayza
  2. Prudence M. Rice
  3. pp. 310-339
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  1. 17. Styles and Motifs: Decorated Pottery of the Itzas at Tayza
  2. Prudence M. Rice
  3. pp. 340-374
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  1. Part VI. Perspectives on Perspectives on the Petén Itzas
  2. pp. 375-376
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  1. 18. Who Were the Petén Itzas? New Data, New Perspectives
  2. Prudence M. Rice and Don S. Rice
  3. pp. 377-388
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  1. Appendix: Maya Calendars and Calendrics
  2. Prudence M. Rice
  3. pp. 389-394
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  1. References Cited
  2. pp. 395-456
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  1. About the Authors
  2. pp. 457-458
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 459-478
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781607326687
Related ISBN
9781607326670
MARC Record
OCLC
1041049525
Pages
448
Launched on MUSE
2018-06-20
Language
English
Open Access
No
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