Front Cover, Front Flap

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Title Page, Copyright

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Table of Contents

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pp. iii-viii

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Publication Note

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pp. ix-x

The Chinese edition of Zhu Rongji on the Record: The Shanghai Years was jointly published in August 2013 by the People’s Publishing House and the Shanghai People’s Publishing House. The book covers the period from December 1987 to April 1991, when Zhu served as Shanghai’s deputy Party secretary, ...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

Senior Party and government leaders have offered valued advice for the publication of this work, and guidance for its editorial work was provided by certain central government departments as well as by some local government authorities. ...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-7

Zhu Rongji’s tenure in Shanghai coincided with the critical period when the focus of China’s economic reforms shifted from rural areas to the cities, and when the economic system itself was in transition. For various domestic and international reasons, reform, development, and stability encountered great difficulties and daunting challenges. ...

1987

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1. Indigenizing Production of the Santana

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pp. 8-19

At the request of Lü Dong2 and Yuan Baohua,3 I’m attending this conference on production of the Santana on behalf of the State Economic Commission, and I would like to express hearty greetings to all the delegates here! ...

1988

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2. Make the Supply of Non-Staple Foods for Shanghai's Residents a Breakthrough Point in Our Work

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pp. 20-22

Before arriving at my current job in Shanghai, I twice asked Mayor Li Ruihuan of Tianjin for advice. He felt that to do good work it’s important to lift people’s spirits and boost their confidence. When you strengthen people’s confidence, they will trust you and be willing to cooperate with you, so it will be easier to get things done. ...

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3. Utilizing Foreign Investment and Developing Foreign Trade

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pp. 23-25

At present, some of our government agencies are managing things they shouldn’t be managing. Not only is this a drain on their energies, but it also often leads to mistakes because they don’t understand the circumstances involved. When we engage in contracting, the contractor knows best how well the project is doing and whether or not he is up to the task. ...

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4. Changes in Thinking Can Bring Great Hope to Shanghai

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pp. 26-27

When I was working at the State Planning Commission and the State Economic Commission, I was very concerned about Shanghai. Perhaps it’s the bystander who sees things most clearly, but it struck me that if we don’t change our way of thinking and don’t raise our awareness, it will be very hard to revitalize the city. ...

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5. Invigorate Shanghai's Finances, Support Economic Revitalization

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pp. 28-30

Without the collaboration and support of the banks, it is hard to get anything done. The trend in the future will be less funding from the fiscal budget and more from the banks. There’s a limit to the money the mayor can allocate—the banks are the big bosses. Everywhere the tallest buildings are bank buildings. ...

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6. Speed Up Indigenous Production of Very Large-Scale Integrated Circuits

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pp. 31-32

Accelerating indigenous production of Shanghai Bell’s S-1240 program-controlled switches is in the interest of both China and of Shanghai Bell—their interests are aligned. In the course of its development, Shanghai Bell encountered two difficulties. ...

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7. Unite and Strive Together to Do Good Economic Work

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pp. 33-43

Like the country as a whole, Shanghai can say its economic situation is good. We’ve basically achieved both stability and growth in our economic development, even though the pace has been a bit slow. For various reasons, however, Shanghai is still experiencing some difficulties and is not yet able to have “relatively good results as well as a relatively good pace.” ...

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8. Speech at the First Plenary Session of the Ninth Shanghai People's Congress

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pp. 44-65

The meeting agenda calls for some personal information, so better for me to “come clean” at the outset. I’ll begin by saying I joined the Revolution relatively late, and my experiences have been rather straightforward. ...

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9. Do a Good Job of Supplying Non-Staple Foods in the Spirit of Reform and Truth-Seeking

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pp. 66-69

I agree with Pei Xianbai’s2 speech and with the reform plan drawn up under his supervision and would like to draw attention to three details of significance for Shanghai’s food supply. ...

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10. Foreign Trade: The Vanguard for Shanghai's Development of an Externally Oriented Economy

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pp. 70-76

The leaders of Shanghai’s Foreign Trade Commission have asked me to meet with you all and boost your spirits. In response, I can first point to the good results of foreign trade in the first quarter of this year. Exports increased by 21% in this period, which isn’t low. This number is most encouraging, and I want to express my thanks to you. ...

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11. The Shanghai Municipal Government Must Be Prepared to Fight Hard for Revitalization

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pp. 77-80

Our new administration is entering office at a historic juncture: Shanghai is implementing fiscal contracting, the central government has devised an economic development strategy of large-scale importing and exporting in the coastal areas, and both the domestic and international situations are favorable to Shanghai’s revitalization. ...

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12. Play to Our Strengths in Science and Technology, and Fight the Good Fight for Key Industrial Projects

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pp. 81-86

While visiting Shanghai last December, central government leaders repeatedly emphasized that Shanghai’s path to large-scale importing and exporting lay in integrating sci-tech with production and playing to Shanghai’s strengths in science and technology. This is a very challenging task, and how to accomplish it is indeed a tough problem. ...

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13. Some Principles for Establishing the Shanghai Foreign Investment Commission

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pp. 87-91

To a very large degree, our hopes for revitalizing Shanghai rest on having a foreign investment commission. To tell the truth, Shanghai can’t solve major problems with just RMB 1.4 billion2 a year. Without making big moves to attract tens of billions of U.S. dollars in foreign investment, there’s no way to fundamentally change the look of Shanghai. ...

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14. A Few Comments on the Devolution of Powers

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pp. 92-94

Since we started devolving powers, the results in the past few months appear quite good. With the new powers granted to them by the city government, districts and counties have become more energized, as have enterprises receiving powers from the various bureau-level agencies. These are the two fundamental actions we must focus on this year ...

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15. Press Conference Announcing the Establishment of the Shanghai Foreign Investment Commission

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pp. 95-100

Yoshida Shigenobu, Japanese Consul General: My question is a rather simple one. A little over a year ago, an agency was set up—the Shanghai Foreign Investment Office. Now that the Foreign Investment Commission has been established, will this office be dissolved or will it coexist [with the commission]? ...

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16. A Conversation with American Author Harrison Salisbury

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pp. 101-106

ZRJ: Secretary Jiang Zemin isn’t in Shanghai, so I’m meeting with you. I’ve read your book—it was the Chinese translation. I welcome you on your visit to Shanghai.
Over the past several decades, Shanghai has made a great contribution to building China. It turned over 80% of its fiscal revenues to the central government. ...

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17. The Research Office of the City Government Should Become the Mayor's Brain Trust

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pp. 107-110

The caliber of the staff at the city government’s research office is quite good. You’re in your prime and very capable, and the areas of your expertise also make quite a lot of sense [for the work you’re doing.] A considerable number of you studied economics, and quite a few majored in Chinese; some studied technology, but there aren’t enough of those. ...

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18. A Speech at Fudan University

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pp. 111-124

To commemorate the 67th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese Communist Party, the Municipal Party Committee asked me deliver a speech on the current situation to all the institutes of higher learning in Shanghai and to their Party and administrative leaders. At the same time, the Party secretary and president of Fudan University ...

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19. Three Expectations of All City Officials at the Bureau Level and Above

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pp. 125-131

I hope that all city officials at the bureau level and above can be reformers who are liberated in their thinking, have the courage to take action, and dare to take risks. Jiang Zemin spoke about this issue at a symposium on theoretical work this March. In analyzing the current state of thought among Shanghai officials, he called on us to overcome these mindsets: ...

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20. An Interview with Kevin Sinclair of The Standard (Hong Kong)

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pp. 132-136

KS: Mayor Zhu, could you please talk about the current and future relationship between Hong Kong and Shanghai? You were recently quoted in newspapers as saying that foreign investment in Shanghai has already reached US$2 billion. How much of this do you estimate came from Hong Kong? How high will this reach in the future? ...

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21. Let Enterprises Swim by Themselves in the Markets

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pp. 137-139

We must carefully consider how to invigorate the 1,700-plus large and medium enterprises in Shanghai. At the moment, people are trying to create very tight-knit enterprise groups, but to tell you the truth, no one has succeeded in this approach. If you form a group of large numbers of people, it will collect money and materials [from its subsidiaries] ...

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22. A Conversation with Siegfried Lengi, Secretary of the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development

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pp. 140-146

ZRJ: We’re paying a great deal of attention to a [potential] cooperative project with the Federal Republic of Germany to build Shanghai’s largest metro. Many countries are taking an interest in this project because its significance isn’t limited to the project itself. It entails systems engineering, and there will be a lot of room for cooperation. ...

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23. Develop High-Quality Services and Improve the Investment Environment

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pp. 147-150

As Jiang Zemin has pointed out, we must improve service attitudes in all aspects of Shanghai, including the investment environment. That environment cannot be addressed with just “one chop.” If related services in various areas aren’t available, people still won’t be willing to come here, and quick project approvals won’t be of any use. ...

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24. Some Specific Thoughts Regarding the Development of Pudong

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pp. 151-155

The report on Pudong’s development to be submitted to the State Council will be revised on the basis of Jiang Zemin’s comments and ideas, which I agree with completely. Following are some specific thoughts on this subject. ...

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25. Invigorate Large and Medium State-Owned Enterprises

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pp. 156-161

The main purpose of this mayor’s administrative meeting today is to explore (a) how to put into practice the spirit of the national conference on the contractual management responsibility system at state-owned enterprises (SOEs), and (b) how to complement, refine, more broadly implement, and develop that system in Shanghai so as to move its enterprise reforms forward. ...

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26. The Problems of Dirt and Disorder in Shanghai

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pp. 162-163

To improve Shanghai’s investment environment, we need to solve two initial problems: one is dirt; the other is disorder. Otherwise, foreigners won’t come, we won’t be able to attract US$10 billion to $20 billion in foreign investments, it will be very difficult to revitalize Shanghai, and there will be no way for the city to become the largest economic and trade center in the Far East. ...

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27. Work Assigned by Leaders Should Be Carried Out Thoroughly

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pp. 164-165

Xueyuan:

It appears that a considerable number of assigned tasks are dragged out for long periods and not completed. One reason is that agencies overlap: they tie each other down and buck-passing has become the norm. Another reason is that the main people responsible do not inquire into things and let them slide. ...

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28. Remarks at Three Study Meetings of the Members of the Standing Committee of the Municipal Party Committee

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pp. 166-173

Since coming to Shanghai, I’ve had a constant sense of uncertainty, with many things floating across my mind, especially in view of the many strands of work and the great pressures here. Even so, my heart is happy because Jiang Zemin and the members of the Municipal Party Committee’s Standing Committee have expressed full confidence in my work ...

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29. We Muse Use Foreign Investments Boldly

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pp. 174-177

The only way to revitalize Shanghai is to further open up, implement the economic development strategy for coastal areas, engage in large-scale importing and exporting, and attract large amounts of foreign investments—otherwise we will have no future. I am not precluding the development of a large domestic cycle of circulating goods, ...

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30. Promoting the Tight Integration of Sci-Tech with Production

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pp. 178-185

Sci-tech is a magic wand for revitalizing Shanghai. This concept must be firmly embedded in our minds, and we must do a good job of integrating sci-tech with production. This is one of the fundamental things I’ve learned since starting to work in Shanghai. Following are some thoughts on issues surrounding this concept. ...

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31. Bonuses Should Reward the Diligent and Penalize the Lazy

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pp. 186-187

Factory directors shouldn’t rely only on bonuses to motivate workers. Rather large bonuses are currently being paid out in Shanghai, which I’m afraid leads the country in this regard except for a few other places. Some say that because Shanghai is making great contributions to the nation its bonuses should be high. ...

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32. What Matters in a Legal System Is Its Effectiveness

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pp. 188-189

Our country has no well-established legal tradition and its current legal system is still very incomplete, so it would be quite difficult to draw up many laws and regulations all at once. If you want to turn some practices into laws, you have to consider whether they are viable over the long term, stable, ...

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33. Always Remember That We Are Servants of the People

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pp. 190-191

[Bao] Youde,

This has finally been accomplished, which is a good thing. But what was originally a fine thing dragged on for over a year. All of this took place in Shanghai, but nobody tried to figure things out so no one knew whom to turn to. ...

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34. Letters and Petitions Are an Important Way to Keep in Touch with the People

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pp. 192-198

I always take letters and petitions seriously because they are a very important way for our Party and our government to keep in touch with the people. The many ways to be in touch with them also include direct visits, studies, going deep into the grass roots, and holding seminars and dialogues. ...

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35. We Are Resolved to Rectify the Taxi Industry

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pp. 199-203

Some say the taxi industry is just experiencing a short-lived storm, but I think this is a welcome storm. The current manner in which taxis operate has become intolerable and a major problem affecting the improvement of Shanghai’s investment environment. Outside newspapers, particularly those in Hong Kong, have described Shanghai’s taxis as an utter mess, ...

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36. A Conversation with C. Y. Leung, Director of Jones Lang Wooten (Hong Kong)

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pp. 204-211

ZRJ: Shanghai has started a pilot program for paid acquisitions of land usage rights, or you might call it land leasing. Mr. Leung, what impressions do you have of Shanghai’s trials in this area? And how are they viewed outside China? ...

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37. A Joint Interview with Japanese Correspondents Based in Shanghai

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pp. 212-219

ZRJ: My assessment of Shanghai’s current economic situation is an optimistic one. From January to September of this year, the value of industrial production increased 8.3% year on year, and this was higher than the growth rate of the past few years. Shanghai is a city of processing industries. Because of an increase in the price of raw materials, production costs went up, ...

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38. A Conversation with the World Bank's Shahid Javed Burki and Delegation

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pp. 220-227

ZRJ: I welcome our friends from the World Bank to Shanghai and thank you for your help in building Shanghai. The World Bank is the largest international financial agency supporting Shanghai’s construction. ...

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39. A Conversation with German Expert Werner Gerich

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pp. 228-235

ZRJ: Welcome to Shanghai. Today, I’d like to hear about your observations on Shanghai. Feel free to say whatever you like.

Gerich: Since arriving in Shanghai on October 28, I’ve only toured the Huangpu River once. The rest of the time, including Saturdays and Sundays, I’ve been working, so I know very little about your city and don’t have many observations about it. ...

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40. Quality Is Shanghai's Lifeblood

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pp. 236-239

German expert Werner Gerich has offered many excellent suggestions regarding quality management in Shanghai’s factories. He’s in his 70s now and has worked in factories for decades. He is very experienced, and his suggestions are well worth paying attention to. His impression of Shanghai’s factories is that they are “dirty.” ...

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41. A Few Comments about Economic Hot Spots

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pp. 240-247

Three issues are of wide concern in Shanghai at the moment: market stability, daily necessities, and the future of urban and infrastructure construction. ...

1989

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42. The Key Issues and Key Tasks to Focus on in 1989

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pp. 248-254

The city government’s research office will, I hope, give us more feedback on the people’s opinions, their expectations, and their hardships. We must pay close attention to their sentiments, take their pulse, and be ever ready to cope with all types of situations. ...

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43. Eliminate Slush Funds

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pp. 255-256

It wasn’t until coming to work in Shanghai that I discovered how dangerous slush funds are. My knowledge about Shanghai’s township and village enterprises (TVEs) had been very superficial, but subsequent contacts with them revealed their countless ties with state-owned enterprises (SOEs). ...

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44. A Letter to the Shanghai Educators Union

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pp. 257-258

To the Shanghai Educators Union and all attendees:

Thank you for your letter. Because of other obligations, I am unable to attend your Spring Festival gathering to celebrate the New Year with you. For this, I apologize deeply. I am writing to send you special regards and New Year’s greetings. ...

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45. Further Promote Stable Growth of the Rural Economy

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pp. 259-265

Rural work in Shanghai had great results last year and the public was quite satisfied. The “vegetable basket” project, in particular, played a great role in boosting the morale of Shanghai’s people. A few days ago, Zhuang Xiaotian2 and I both attended the finale and awards ceremony of the “Prestige Cup” competition for vegetable farms. I said “Thank you!” ...

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46. How to Stabilize the Markets

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pp. 266-268

It must be emphasized that if you just try to stabilize prices, they can’t be stabilized. This is the present monetary situation: in January over RMB 30 billion was issued nationally, with a net added RMB 22.3 billion put into circulation. Never has so much money been issued in a single month—that was equal to 40% of the planned amount for the whole year. ...

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47. Speech at a Shanghai Conference on Oversight Work

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pp. 269-277

The city government must continue to focus on the integrity and efficiency of government agencies, as this is a major issue that affects the big picture. The people are very concerned about clean and efficient government. Whether or not work in Shanghai is done well will depend on whether or not our cadres are capable, and in judging whether or not our cadres are capable, ...

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48. Shanghai's Industrial Restructuring Must Blaze New Paths

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pp. 278-283

This is the first part of our conference on industrial restructuring. We’ve met for a day and a half, and many people have yet to speak—they will do so in the second part. Because of time constraints today, I’ll recapitulate this part and make a few comments. ...

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49. We Must Be Determined to Fix the City's Street Traffic

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pp. 284-290

The traffic on Shanghai’s streets has gotten to the point where it must be fixed. The city has less than 2 square meters of road surface per capita, and if the transient population of 2.09 million is factored in, then there’s less than 1.5 square meters per capita. Given such conditions, even though we’re determined, this problem absolutely cannot be solved within a year or two, ..

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50. Launch the "Two Increases and Two Decreases" Campaign and Stabilize Shanghai's Economy

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pp. 291-296

Why are we holding this mobilization rally for the “Two Increases and Two Decreases” campaign at a time like this? Some say that with students demonstrating and holding sit-ins and hunger strikes, how can we keep our minds on this meeting? The Municipal Party Committee and government are holding this meeting because Shanghai’s economy and society ...

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51. Keep Shanghai Stable, Keep the Overall Situation Stable

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pp. 297-299

I speak to you directly as your mayor, earnestly hoping to win your whole-hearted support.
Shanghai’s society and economy are now in fairly dire straits. If this continues, the consequences will be very serious. Our students hope to promote democracy and crack down on corruption, which are the same goals the Party and government are working hard to achieve. ...

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52. Get Organized and Maintain Shanghai's Stability

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pp. 300-310

Things today are about the same as yesterday: roughly 7,000 people are blocking over 120 important traffic intersections, the tires of over 300 buses have been deflated or slashed, over 400 buses that went out early have been blocked, and some people have attacked bus depots. Workers cannot get to work. ...

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53. Shanghai Must Not Descend into Chaos

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pp. 311-316

People of Shanghai and colleagues, over the past few days, we have all personally seen how the city has been brought to the brink. Since June 4, traffic all over Shanghai has been obstructed, workers have been unable to get to work, and production has declined; materials are in ample supply but because they cannot be transported to retail locations, ...

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54. Further Consolidate Shanghai's Stability

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pp. 317-323

Beginning on June 9, the situation in Shanghai improved rapidly, and great changes took place, not only here but also in Beijing, which gradually stabilized.

Mobilization of the People. A significant factor in the city’s turnaround was that the vast majority of our people united under the slogan, “Keep Shanghai stable, ...

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55. The Basic Qualities Socialist Entrepreneurs Must Have

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pp. 324-327

What is a socialist entrepreneur? There are many views on this subject. Last year, I laid out three expectations for city government cadres.2 Today I am laying out three expectations for factory directors and entrepreneurs. These are the basic qualities required of socialist entrepreneurs. ...

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56. To Stabilize the Economy, It's Essential to Stabilize Prices

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pp. 328-331

The most important way to win people’s hearts is to punish bribery and corruption. However, if the economy isn’t stable, if prices increase, or if there’s another round of panic buying, it will be very hard to carry on with our work, and then we will be in dire straits and things will become very dangerous. Therefore a very important task in the second half of this year ...

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57. Cleaning Up Companies Is an Important Measure for Punishing Corruption

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pp. 332-334

Some colleagues are asking: is Shanghai moving too quickly in punishing corruption and cleaning up companies? Is it too soon to try to solve problems with a single uniform policy? Are we being too strict? Others are saying we should let the central authorities make the first move. Let them first present us with a policy so that we don’t find ourselves on the defensive later. ...

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58. Several Issues Regarding Attracting Foreign Investment

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pp. 335-337

infrastructure can also be considered part of reform and opening up. The question now is how to do it, which areas to open up and which to keep closed. Since coming to work in Shanghai, I’ve devolved the authority to review and approve foreign-invested projects, ...

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59. A Directive on Quality Management

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pp. 338-339

Lu Ji’an,2 please deal with this strictly—this tendency must not be allowed to flourish. If this is true, we must “kill” one to warn the many, and not hesitate to “sacrifice.”3 ...

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60. Concentrate Our Efforts on Winning the Trust of the People through Several Measures

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pp. 340-343

To win the trust of the people by doing good things, we must have a plan and implement it step by step. Don’t go attacking in all directions, and don’t try to punch with both fists at one time. If our efforts are merely disruptive and unnerve the people, it will be hard to do a good job. Each thing done is a job accomplished, so do it soundly. ...

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61. We Must Be Determined to Treat the Upstream Pollution of the Huangpu River

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pp. 344-350

This meeting is not only about protecting the upstream waters of the Huangpu River, it is also about protecting Shanghai’s ecoenvironment. The Huangpu is Shanghai’s “river mother”—without the Huangpu, there would be no Shanghai. We should have the same deep affection for the river as we would for our mothers. ...

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62. Leading Cadres Must Not Be Detached from the People

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pp. 351-354

Although our economic work in the second half of this year remains very difficult, I feel very certain that the direction set by the Municipal Party Committee and government will be able to solve the problems that our economic work is currently encountering. The issue now is how to win the hearts of the people so that the workers and farmers are of one mind with us ...

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63. Technical Upgrading at Enterprises Must Follow a New Path

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pp. 355-360

The country’s current large-scale technical upgrading of enterprises started after the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Party Central Committee. At that time, Deng Xiaoping pointed out that we had to use foreign capital, import technology, and rebuild small and medium enterprises by the thousands or tens of thousands. Before this, the State Economic Commission ...

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64. Discipline Inspection Cadres Must Dare to Tackle Tough Cases

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pp. 361-363

As a newcomer to the work of leading the Municipal Party Committee,2 I’ve come to listen to your thoughts. For a long time, my work has been in the economic sphere and I may not have covered all areas very well.
Before coming to Shanghai, I didn’t have a very deep understanding of Party conduct. ...

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65. Five Practical Things to Do in Building Clean Government among Rural Cadres

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pp. 364-365

There are now 250,000 Party members and over 10,000 Party branches in the rural areas of Shanghai. The first point to make about our own team is that it is up to the test and is a good team that can fight. However, we must also recognize that it has many internal problems, and these must be rectified. They fall into two categories: ...

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66. Explain Difficulties Clearly and Energize Ourselves

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pp. 366-371

The current economic situation has been quite grim since the national industrial growth rate started to decline in August. From January to August, it was 10%, but in August it fell to only 6.1%, and the drop was very severe at the township and village enterprises (TVEs) in some provinces. In Shanghai, the rate was 7.2% from January to August and 3.2% in August ...

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67. Some Thoughts on the Three-Year Restructuring of Shanghai's Industries and Their Long-Term Growth

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pp. 372-379

Industrial planning is a very important component of long-term economic planning. Shanghai won’t be able to develop if we don’t increase industrial production and performance and ensure the key projects for industrial growth. The city’s Economic Commission and the various industrial bureaus have made a great effort to draw up a broad outline ...

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68. Borrow from Experiences of Other Countries and Speed Up Development of an Externally Oriented Economy

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pp. 380-382

The past 10 years have brought reform and opening up in China, and they have also seen Shanghai gradually move toward the world. Much thought is now directed at making further use of Shanghai’s strengths, potential, and vitality so it can become an economic, trade, sci-tech, financial, and information center in the Western Pacific, and an international metropolis. ...

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69. Revitalize and Develop the Arts in Shanghai

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pp. 383-387

Some 900 of you from the Shanghai arts and traditional opera circles have participated in the second China Arts Festival. You have made long journeys to Beijing, Nanjing, and Xinjiang, where you won over the local audiences and achieved success. You have also won acclaim for the people of Shanghai, you have helped create a new image for them, ...

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70. Good Prospects for Shanghai's Electrical Machinery Exports

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pp. 388-393

Shanghai’s way out and way forward lie in implementing the economic development strategy for coastal areas and building an externally oriented economy, in having “both ends abroad,”2 and in increasing exports. ...

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71. To Overcome Our Difficulties, We Must Rely Wholeheartedly on the Working Class

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pp. 394-398

This citywide conference on ideological work at industrial enterprises is a good one that has brought together 800 factory directors and Party secretaries from large and medium enterprises to discuss major matters. Some have remarked that it is a key event taking place at a key moment with key people in attendance. ...

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72. Shanghai's Hopes Lie in the Development of Pudong

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pp. 399-404

Why are we proposing to speed up the development of Pudong? It is because Shanghai is in need of renewal and development. Its main problems are overcrowding, serious obstacles to transportation, excessive concentration of industries, and rather serious pollution. Since Pudong is in fact an extension of the old urban center, it offers the best, ...

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73. Resolutely Implement Governance and Rectification Measures

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pp. 405-418

To implement the spirit of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 13th Party Central Committee it is essential to fully understand Shanghai’s economic problems, formulate appropriate governance and rectification measures, and unite and lead the people through the difficulties surrounding rectification. ...

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74. On the Development and Opening Up of Shanghai's Financial Sector

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pp. 419-424

When I came to work in Shanghai on February 2 of last year, I got off the train in the morning and that afternoon I listened to a report by the city’s Bureau of Finance. Why? Because there’s no way you can be a mayor if you don’t know how to manage finances—so you must first seek a clear understanding of the fiscal situation. ...

1990

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75. Publicity in the News Media Should Be Fact-Based

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pp. 425-431

Until now, much of the focus in the news media has been on sufficiently describing our economic difficulties, which was entirely necessary. It now appears that we need to do a bit more to boost spirits. This is important because people are still feeling uncertain about the economic situation: they’re negative and discomfited, they lack confidence, ...

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76. Remarks Made While Reporting to Yang Shangkun

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pp. 432-436

We feel the current situation in Shanghai and across the nation is good—it would be absolutely wrong to say that the overall situation isn’t good. Why? Because the four major tasks laid out at the Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th Central Committee,2 the seven practical things decided upon by the Politburo,3 and the programs and tasks proposed at the Fifth Plenary Session ...

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77. Some Comments on the Central Committee's "Decision on Strengthening Ties with the People"

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pp. 437-441

I’d like to discuss three problems that have bearing on the Central Committee’s draft report on strengthening ties with the people: the Party’s poor relations with the populace; lack of distinction between Party, government, and enterprises; and inequity in allocation. ...

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78. Remarks Made While Reporting to Qiao Shi

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pp. 442-445

On the question of stability—which is the big picture—I ask you to assure the Party Central Committee that we are determined to keep Shanghai stable, and we can keep it stable. Politically, we think that the current situation in Shanghai is good. There are some elements of instability, but it can be kept stable. The three months of March, April, and May will be key. ...

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79. Do Three Practical Things for the People of Shanghai

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pp. 446-448

I hope to do at least three things for the people of Shanghai while I’m working here.
The first major thing is to lay a firm, reliable, and stable foundation for the “vegetable basket.” The newspapers published some of the points I discussed at a citywide conference on work involving vegetables, ...

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80. A Conversation with C. Y. Leung

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pp. 449-455

ZRJ: At present, the domestic market in China is depressed. For the sake of the immediate interests of the people of Shanghai, I’m thinking of initiating three measures in its markets:
—1. Further developing the “vegetable basket” project so as to gradually modernize the production of non-staples, retail them in supermarkets, and integrate their production with marketing. ...

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81. Reporting to Yao Yilin on the Development of Pudong

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pp. 456-466

From March 28 to April 8, 1990, on behalf of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, Vice Premier Yao Yilin led a delegation to Shanghai that included leading members from the State Council Office of Special Economic Zones, the State Planning Commission, the Ministry of Finance, the People’s Bank of China, the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations, ...

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82. A Conversation with Moeen Qureshi, Senior Vice President of the World Bank, and Delegation

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pp. 467-473

ZRJ: The World Bank has cooperated very well with Shanghai all along, and we place great hope in the prospects for our future cooperation. Shanghai has already prepared cooperative projects that would utilize several hundred million dollars from the World Bank. Some of these have already been evaluated while others are currently being evaluated. ...

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83. The Municipal Party Committee Must Focus on Party Conduct and on Establishing Clean Government

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pp. 474-478

This year, the Municipal Party Committee must focus its greatest determination and its main energies on Party conduct and on doing a good job of establishing clean government. Of course we still have to treat the head if the head hurts and treat the foot if the foot hurts.2 If product quality becomes a problem, we have to focus on quality; if the markets are weak, ...

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84. Speech at the Establishment of the Shanghai Overseas Exchange Association

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pp. 479-484

First of all, I wish to extend a warm welcome to all you overseas Chinese and to our kinsmen who are back in China and visiting Shanghai.
I’m sure you’re all as pleased as I am—many good things have recently happened in Shanghai. The development of Pudong and the policies for it were basically decided on in mid-March, ...

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85. Do Good Urban Planning

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pp. 485-488

Why have I always wanted to come to the Academy of Urban Planning? Because planning is very important, and also because I hear some of you have different views. I’ve come today mainly to exchange thoughts, beginning with the importance of planning. The quality of a construction project should be good enough to last for a hundred years. ...

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86. In the "Two Increases and Two Decreases" Campaign, Take Substantive Action, Dare to Manage, and Take Genuine Action

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pp. 489-495

At present, industrial production in Shanghai is encountering quite a few temporary difficulties. The negative growth that began last October lasted all the way up to this March, and growth only began to resume in April and May. I’m afraid that for the period from January to May, we will hardly be able to match the level of the same period last year. ...

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87. A Speech to Cadres from the Shanghai Planning Commission

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pp. 496-504

I’m in the same line of work as all of you—my work was originally in planning, so we share the same background, and the work of the Municipal Planning Commission is of special interest to me. Following are some thoughts on the commission’s role. ...

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88. Shanghai Will Further Open Up to the World

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pp. 505-513

I deeply appreciate your accepting my invitation to attend this symposium. On this visit to Hong Kong, the first [aim] of the Shanghai Economic Delegation is to study and borrow from Hong Kong’s experiences in development, and the second [aim] is to promote mutual understanding between Shanghai and Hong Kong and develop cooperation between us. ...

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89. Thoughts from a Visit to Hong Kong and Singapore

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pp. 514-523

If we are to adapt to the new reforms and opening up, we will have to further liberate our thinking, change our manner of working, undertake structural reforms, and increase our efficiency. In Hong Kong and Singapore, but particularly in Hong Kong, many people were highly critical of Shanghai’s conservative ideas, procrastination in getting work done, ...

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90. About Our Visit to the United States

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pp. 524-530

This visit to the United States was approved by the central government. At the invitation of the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations, the Chinese People’s Institute of Foreign Affairs organized a delegation of Chinese mayors to visit the United States from July 7 to July 26. ...

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91. A Press Conference on Policies to Open Up and Develop Pudong

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pp. 531-535

Time (U.S.A.): Will the development of the Pudong New Area be similar to that of China’s other economic and technical development zones? The prospects for Pudong’s development are encouraging, but so far there aren’t enough preferential terms to attract foreign investment, and the infrastructure is still very poor. ...

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92. A Letter to Shanghai's Sanitation Workers

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p. 536

Recently, 16 sanitation workers, including Zhou Xingxi and Lu Yanfei and colleagues from the Changyang sanitation station in Yangpu District, wrote to me asking that I become an honorary sanitation worker; they also offered many ideas for sanitation work. I was very touched, and I thank you all for the trust you have in me. ...

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93. Do Good Planning and Design for the Pudong New Area

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pp. 537-538

During the next decade of urban planning and construction in Shanghai, the focus of the first five years will be on solving the problems in Puxi, while also working on starting up Pudong; the focus of the second five years will shift to Pudong, because developing Pudong must rely on Puxi. ...

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94. A Conversation with Attila Karaosmanoglu, Vice President of the World Bank

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pp. 539-543

ZRJ: Last July, when former mayor Wang Daohan and I were visiting the United States, we called on the headquarters of the World Bank, where we were warmly received. Today we welcome you to Shanghai. You’ve already listened to briefings by those concerned and you’ve even gone to Pudong to take a look. ...

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95. On Shanghai's 10-Year Plan and the Eighth 5-Year Plan

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pp. 544-553

Today I mainly want to share some thoughts with you and offer some comments on several aspects of Shanghai’s plans for development in the next 5 to 10 years for you to consider. ...

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96. We Must Properly Protect the Unpolluted Land of Chongming

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pp. 554-558

After an on-site visit to Chongming, I can say it truly is one of our poorer rural counties and part of Shanghai’s “Third World.” The standard of living is even lower than that in Jinshan. The municipal departments concerned must support Chongming and help it develop more rapidly. On the other hand, we cannot act too quickly because not all the necessary conditions are present, ...

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97. Take Information Work Seriously and Do It Well

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pp. 559-562

Our city government’s information work has yielded very good results, and this is wholly due to the efforts of all of the workers charged with this task at the district, county, and bureau-level departments. Everyone here represents an outstanding information work unit—I congratulate all of you and hope all units will learn from you and do even better information work. ...

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98. Some Comments on Developing a Securities Market

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pp. 563-565

Just now, Liu Hongru2 made a very systematic speech, one that I entirely agree with.
First, as we begin issuing securities, we must proceed steadily, even if this means doing it a bit more slowly. If it is disorderly, if a somewhat major problem occurs, our credibility will be ruined. ...

1991

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99. Basically Resolve Shanghai's Housing Problems within 10 Years

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pp. 566-572

The housing reform program2 was presented to the people for discussion over a month ago and this phase is now coming to an end. From those discussions, it appears that the vast majority of people approve of this program, and they support the policy of the Municipal Party Committee and government to commoditize housing ...

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100. Help State-Owned Enterprises Resolve Their Dilemma

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pp. 573-582

Some people say: 1988 was hard to forget, 1989 was hard to get through, 1990 was hard to endure, and 1991 will be hard to predict. The first three of these statements make some sense, but as for 1991 being “hard to predict,” we should instead say it’s quite clear and predictable. ...

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101. Some Comments on Rebuilding Shanghai's Old Urban Areas

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pp. 583-589

In rebuilding Shanghai’s old urban areas, we should follow five basic guidelines: break with the past approach of demolishing and rebuilding in situ, aim for population dispersal along with design and industrial integration, speed up housing and infrastructure construction, address systemic problems, and accumulate capital. ...

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102. Speech at the Municipal Party's Discipline Commission

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pp. 590-598

In the spirit of the Seventh Plenary Session of the 13th Party Central Committee and the 11th session of the 5th Municipal Party Committee, Shanghai’s Discipline Inspection Commission has held a very good expanded plenary session for three days. I’ve come to offer support for your work, to convey the Municipal Party Committee’s position ...

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103. Shanghai Will Have No Future If We Don't Overcome Bureaucratism

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pp. 599-600

This article could be entitled “The Compendium of Bureaucratic Behavior.” Alas, Shanghai! If you don’t reform, you’re done. Please send this article to everyone involved in the “black box” and have them read it. (If there are 10,000 people, print 10,000 copies. The city government will pay for this.) ...

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104 Four Comments on Doing Good Work with Cadres

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pp. 601-610

The Central Committee has very high hopes for Shanghai. While he was in Shanghai, [Deng] Xiaoping asked us to do faster, better, and bolder work. Looking back at the past few years, primarily when it was under the direct leadership of Jiang Zemin, work in Shanghai progressed quite well and the situation became very good. ...

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105. The Drivers of Shanghai's Development

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pp. 611-615

Reforms and opening up are the drivers of Shanghai’s development. The goal of our reforms is to come up with concrete operational mechanisms that integrate the planned economy created in China with market regulation, to do this in accordance with the need to develop a socialist planned commodity economy, and to do so before the end of this century. ...

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106. Creating a New Outlook for Community Work

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pp. 616-620

We must fully appreciate the importance of community work. In our discussions, we at the Standing Committee of the Municipal Party Committee have all been aware of the importance of community work. We currently have an important strategic mission before us: to build Shanghai into a modernized socialist city ...

Index

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pp. 621-640

Back Flap, Back Cover

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Image Plates

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