Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vii

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Note to Instructors

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p. viii

This text contains two reacting games that deal with the intersection of environmental science and public policy. The Acid Rain game may be played in its entirety, or specific parts can be used as separate shorter games. The Climate Change game is a separate game from the Acid Rain game. The scientific issues are different in the various games, but the policy issues are very similar. Instructors should identify exactly what...

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How to Play these Games

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pp. 1-6

These two games are “reacting” games. Reacting games use complex role-playing games to teach about important moments in history. After a few preparatory lectures, the game begins, and the students are in charge; the instructor serves as adviser. The games are set in moments of heightened...

Acid Rain in Europe, 1979–1989

Contents

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pp. 8-10

Figures and Tables

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pp. 11-13

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1. Historical Background

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pp. 14-34

This is a reacting game. Reacting games use complex role-play to teach about important moments in history. This game is set in a series of conferences sponsored by the United Nations (UN) that began in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1979 and continued for over a decade. The goal is to negotiate...

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2. The Game

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pp. 35-40

There are a number of issues that will arise during the game. The evolution of issues is a result of the ten-year span of the three international conferences that constitute the game...

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3. Roles and Factions

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pp. 41-43

The factions described below are relevant to the start of the game in 1979. You should not assume that these factions will persist throughout the game. All “Reacting to the Past” games include the possibility of changes in roles with time and in response to external events...

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4. Core Texts and Supplemental Readings

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pp. 44-105

A meeting of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) was held in Paris and attended by ministers from 24 countries.
Recommendations of the Environment Group of OECD put forth several concepts to formulate rational and coherent environment policies...

Bibliography

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pp. 106-108

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Acknowledgments

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p. 109

This game was first conceived during the authors’ sabbatical leaves while studying the effects of machine-made snow on acidification of streams in Vermont. We attended a conference on acid precipitation held at Connecticut College where Prof. Lilian Andanova presented a paper describing...

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Appendices

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pp. 110-122

Most people never think in terms of a personal environmental philosophy, but their actions demonstrate it every day. Whether you throw your soda can in the trash or put it in the recycle bin is reflective of your environmental philosophy. The reacting games include roles that exemplify and...

Climate Change in Copenhagen, December 2009

Contents

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pp. 124-126

Figures and Tables

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pp. 127-128

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1. Historical Background

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pp. 129-152

This game will take you to Copenhagen where you will participate in the negotiations to formulate a global climate treaty. These negotiations have been going on for years but have failed to produce a treaty that the majority of polluters are willing to sign. There is great optimism that Copenhagen will...

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2. The Game

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pp. 153-158

Each player has victory objectives built tearound the issues described here. In most cases players have strong feelings about one or two objectives and are indeterminate on the rest. Your arguments in the class should be developed to convince the players who may be indeterminate on your key...

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3. Roles and Factions

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pp. 159-161

The indeterminate countries must be convinced to sign a treaty (or dissuaded from it) by those on the opposing sides of the issue. Many of them would like a treaty but have conditions that must be met to sign.
United States, Australia. These two developed countries have some of the highest per-capita and...

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4. Core Texts and Supplemental Readings

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pp. 162-163

The information in the appendices provides primary scientific background material. There are no specific books, but you will find many sources available on the Internet to provide material for developing your arguments.
It is important that you not use anything in the game that was...

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Acknowledgments

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p. 164

The work of Prof. Paula Lazrus and Prof. Nick Proctor is most gratefully acknowledged. Thanks are also extended to Prof. Gitte Schulz for reading the early manuscript of this game and providing many helpful suggestions. Also, the patience and hard work of the students of Chemistry 141 at...

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Appendices

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pp. 165-188

Much of what we know about atoms and molecules was discovered from the interaction of matter with light. The light we see with our eyes is only a small portion of the electromagnetic spectrum shown in Figure 17.
Electromagnetic radiation can be described in terms of the frequency of the waves, the wavelength...