In this Book

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How did ancient peoples experience, view, and portray the night? What was it like to live in the past when total nocturnal darkness was the norm? Archaeology of the Night explores the archaeology, anthropology, mythology, iconography, and epigraphy of nocturnal practices and questions the dominant models of daily ancient life. A diverse team of experienced scholars uses a variety of methods and resources to reconstruct how ancient peoples navigated the night and what their associated daily—and nightly—practices were.

This collection challenges modern ideas and misconceptions regarding the night and what darkness and night symbolized in the ancient world, and it highlights the inherent research bias in favor of “daytime” archaeology. Numerous case studies from around the world (including Oman, Mesoamerica, Scandinavia, Rome, Great Zimbabwe, Indus Valley, Peru, and Cahokia) illuminate subversive, social, ritual, domestic, and work activities, such as witchcraft, ceremonies, feasting, sleeping, nocturnal agriculture, and much more. Were there artifacts particularly associated with the night? Authors investigate individuals and groups (both real and mythological) who share a special connection to nighttime life.

Reconsidering the archaeological record, Archaeology of the Night views sites, artifacts, features, and cultures from a unique perspective. This book is relevant to anthropologists and archaeologists and also to scholars of human geography, history, astronomy, sensory studies, human biology, folklore, and mythology.

Contributors: Susan Alt, Anthony F. Aveni, Jane Eva Baxter, Shadreck Chirikure, Minette Church, Jeremy D. Coltman, Margaret Conkey, Tom Dillehay, Christine C. Dixon, Zenobie Garrett, Nancy Gonlin, Kathryn Kamp, Erin Halstad McGuire, Abigail Joy Moffett, Jerry D. Moore, Smiti Nathan, April Nowell, Scott C. Smith, Glenn R. Storey, Meghan Strong, Cynthia Van Gilder, Alexei Vranich, John C. Whittaker, Rita Wright

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication,
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-x
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  1. List of Figures
  2. pp. xi-xiv
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  1. List of Tables
  2. pp. xv-xvi
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  1. Foreword
  2. Jerry D. Moore
  3. pp. xvii-xxviii
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  1. Preface / Nancy Gonlin
  2. pp. xxix-xxxii
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  1. Section I: Introduction
  1. 1. Introduction to the Archaeology of the Night
  2. Nancy Gonlin and April Nowell
  3. pp. 5-24
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  1. Section II: Nightscapes
  1. 2. Upper Paleolithic Soundscapes and the Emotional Resonance of Nighttime
  2. April Nowell
  3. pp. 27-44
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  1. 3. Classic Maya Nights at Copan, Honduras, and El Cerén, El Salvador
  2. Nancy Gonlin and Christine C. Dixon
  3. pp. 45-76
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  1. 4. The Night Is Different: Sensescapes and Affordances in Ancient Arizona
  2. Kathryn Kamp and John C. Whittaker
  3. pp. 77-94
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  1. 5. “La Luz de Aceite es Triste”: Nighttime, Community, and Memory in the Colorado–New Mexico Borderlands
  2. Minette C. Church
  3. pp. 95-118
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  1. Section III: The Night Sky
  1. 6. Nighttime Sky and Early Urbanism in the High Andes: Architecture and Ritual in the Southern Lake Titicaca Basin during the Formative and Tiwanaku Periods
  2. Alexei Vranich and Scott C. Smith
  3. pp. 121-138
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  1. 7. Night in Day: Contrasting Ancient and Contemporary Maya and Hindu Responses to Total Solar Eclipses
  2. Anthony F. Aveni
  3. pp. 139-154
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  1. 8. In the Sea of Night: Ancient Polynesia and the Dark
  2. Cynthia L. Van Gilder
  3. pp. 155-176
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  1. Section IV: Nocturnal Ritual and Ideology
  1. 9. Night Moon Rituals: The Effects of Darkness and Prolonged Ritual on Chilean Mapuche Participants
  2. Tom D. Dillehay
  3. pp. 179-200
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  1. 10. Where Night Reigns Eternal: Darkness and Deep Time among the Ancient Maya
  2. Jeremy D. Coltman
  3. pp. 201-222
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  1. 11. The Emerald Site, Mississippian Women, and the Moon
  2. Susan M. Alt
  3. pp. 223-246
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  1. Section V: Illuminating the Night
  1. 12. A Great Secret of the West: Transformative Aspects of Artificial Light in New Kingdom Egypt
  2. Meghan E. Strong
  3. pp. 249-264
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  1. 13. Burning the Midnight Oil: Archaeological Experiments with Early Medieval Viking Lamps
  2. Erin Halstad McGuire
  3. pp. 265-284
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  1. Section VI: Nighttime Practices
  1. 14. Engineering Feats and Consequences: Workers in the Night and the Indus Civilization
  2. Rita P. Wright and Zenobie S. Garrett
  3. pp. 287-306
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  1. 15. All Rome Is at My Bedside: Nightlife in the Roman Empire
  2. Glenn Reed Storey
  3. pp. 307-332
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  1. 16. Midnight at the Oasis: Past and Present Agricultural Activities in Oman
  2. Smiti Nathan
  3. pp. 333-352
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  1. 17. Fluid Spaces and Fluid Objects: Nocturnal Material Culture in Sub-Saharan Africa with Special Reference to the Iron Age in Southern Africa
  2. Shadreck Chirikure and Abigail Joy Moffett
  3. pp. 353-368
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  1. 18. The Freedom that Nighttime Brings: Privacy and Cultural Creativity among Enslaved Peoples at Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Bahamian Plantations
  2. Jane Eva Baxter
  3. pp. 369-384
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  1. Section VII: Concluding the Night
  1. Afterword: A Portal to a More Imaginative Archaeology
  2. Margaret Conkey
  3. pp. 387-390
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  1. List of Contributors
  2. pp. 391-396
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 397-412
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781607326786
Related ISBN
9781607326779
MARC Record
OCLC
1015859644
Pages
480
Launched on MUSE
2018-01-03
Language
English
Open Access
No
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