Cover

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Half Title, Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vii

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Acknowledgments

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p. viii

I thank the heirs of the late Simon Zhu Mbako for the kind permission to reproduce his poem “We come and die as numbers”.
I am grateful to the National Archives of Namibia for the permission to research their records, and especially to the staff for not only fetching endless piles of records but also getting actively involved in the elusive search for more Native estate records than those that were indicated in their finding aids. ...

We Come and Die as Numbers

Simon Zhu Mbako

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pp. ix-x

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Silencing the African Past in a Colonial State Archive

Dag Henrichsen

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pp. xi-xiv

This book is four things in one: first, Ellen Namhila provides a succinct history of the colonial state archive in Namibia since German colonial rule before World War I and, afterwards, South African rule until 1990. Secondly, and of crucial importance for any colonial situation, we are given an in-depth analysis of the history of the legal concept for “Natives” (as opposed to “Whites”) in a racialised colony, and its myriad applications ...

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1. Introduction

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pp. 1-23

This study explores the inclusion and exclusion of a certain category of records in the archives preserved by the “Archives Depot of the Territory”, now the National Archives of Namibia (NAN) during Namibia’s colonial period, 1884 to 1990. Having observed the apparent neglect of person-related records of indigenous Namibians, it examines the extent to which the former colonial governments’ systems created, ingested, ...

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2. Literature Review

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pp. 24-33

Colonial archives do not feature prominently in the literature of archival science, although there has been a rising interest during the last decade, when scholars begun questioning the dominant narratives of the colonizers’ records and searching for the voices of the colonized. Despite this interest, it is striking to observe that none of this proliferating literature has actually studied an archives in depth with a view on what these archives contain, ...

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3. Methodology

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pp. 34-42

This is a historical study following the inductive methodological approach to collect and analyse data. Taking a cue from the observation of anecdotal evidence – namely that there have been fruitless searches for requested “Native estate” records in the colonial archival collections in custody of the National Archives of Namibia – it interrogates specifically the “deceased estates” along the timeline of their existence. ...

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4. Legal Framework for Administration of Deceased Native Estates

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pp. 43-77

The entire process through which “deceased Native estates records” were produced, maintained and disposed in colonial Namibia was explored in order to understand and explain retrospectively what contributed to them not being traceable at the National Archives of Namibia (NAN), while the corresponding records of the White settler population are easily located1 and provided to clients. This chapter presents the results of the study, ...

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5. Administrative Structures and Processes

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pp. 78-116

Analysis of the regulatory framework for the administration of deceased Native estates showed that it was characterised by highly unsystematic and contradictory legal provisions – see Chapter 4. This chapter provides answers to research question 1.2 (cf. Table 1, p. 39) and aims at establishing how the legal framework was implemented. Whether it led to any structures clearly mandated with the creation (registration of deceased Native estate cases) ...

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6. The Management of Native Estate Records in the NAN

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pp. 117-150

In order to understand the process of finding Native Estates (or any other record) in the NAN, it is necessary to present the various discovery tools offered by the institution. ...

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7. Discussion and Conclusions

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pp. 151-183

The review of laws, codified instructions, filing systems, consolidated instructions and circular instructions established that lacking definitions, inconsistencies and contradictions in policy directives might have contributed to the destruction of deceased Native estate records.
Taking stock of deceased Native estate records in custody of the National Archives of Namibia found a substantial amount of previously undetected Native estates, but also revealed substantial gaps. ...

Sources

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pp. 184-214

Appendix A. Glossary

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pp. 215-218

Appendix B. Acronyms

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p. 219

Appendix C. Tables

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pp. 220-237

Appendix D. Illustrations

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pp. 238-256

Index

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pp. 257-262

Further Series Titles

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Back Cover

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