Grassroots Resistance and the Critique of Development
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: University of Texas Press
I first became aware of the importance of place in peoples’ lives and the tenacity with which they generally resist being uprooted not in the context of a development project, but in the aftermath of a disaster of enormous proportions. In May of 1970, a huge earthquake devastated an area in the north...
If one pursues a project over a certain number of years, in this case close to ten, the list of people that have contributed to the final product can be quite long. Almost as long can be the list of ways that people have helped, sometimes without realizing it, ranging from providing places to stay to great...
Chapter One. Disasters of Development: Development Forced Displacement and Resettlement
At the end of the twentieth century, following the collapse of its socialist challenger, the dominant Western model of development stood triumphant as the guide to improving human welfare. However, even as the socialist model began its precipitous decline, alternative interpretations of development had...
Chapter Two. Understanding Resistance: Combating the Violence of Development
The rights, claims, and aspirations of people who resist uprooting by development projects are as multidimensional and complex as the projects that threaten them. The kinds of projects that displace people and communities defy easy categorization. Such projects range from the truly gigantic, such as...
Chapter Three. The People in the Way
About the only characteristic the displaced have in common, apart from their humanity, is that they are in the way of someone else’s plans for development. The politics of displacement and resettlement, no matter whether in a working-class neighborhood in Boston, a peasant village in the Andes, or a...
Chapter Four. Contested Landscapes: Development, Ecological Upheaval, and Resistance
At one level, all resistance to DFDR constitutes one side of an environmental conflict. Resistance is a rejection of an attempt by certain interests to transform an environment in some way that requires the displacement of people. As such, environmental conflict is at the center of grassroots and NGO resis-...
Chapter Five. Challenging the Economics of Displacement: Evaluating Risks and Compensating Losses
Particularly in the developing world, where communities have been less dissolved into clusters of atomized economic actors, resistance to DFDR challenges the way states, multilaterals, and corporations do business. In many instances, resistance by communities subverts the individualistic economic...
Chapter Six. The Lake of Memory: Cultural Discourses of Resistance
There is a barely hidden cultural politics in many development projects that seeks to further a general expansion of the control of the state over local territories and people (J. Scott, 1998). In extending its physical control over territory, the state also strives to impose a process of standardization and sim-...
Chapter Seven. Confronting Goliath: The Politics of DFDR Resistance
In the final analysis, all the disputes between the state, private interests, and people threatened with displacement by development projects—disputes over economic issues, environmental problems, cultural violations, and social conflicts— end up being contested in the domain of the political. However, the...
Chapter Eight. The Risks and Results of Resistance to Resettlement
Just as any action produces a reaction, resistance to DFDR produces concrete outcomes. Regardless of whether the resistance succeeds or fails in halting displacement or at least improving resettlement, there are other outcomes that bring consequences for the community or region that has confronted the...
Page Count: 303
Illustrations: 19 b&w photos
Publication Year: 2010
OCLC Number: 667274137
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Defying Displacement