In this Book

Demographic Change and Long-Run Development
summary

Over the last two hundred years, mortality and fertility levels in the Western world have dropped to unprecedented levels. This demographic transition was accompanied by an economic transition that led to widespread education and economic growth after centuries of near-stagnation. At the same time, other changes have occurred in family structures, culture, and the organization of society. Economists have only recently begun to take into account the demographic transition from high mortality and high fertility when modeling and researching economic development. This CESifo volume reviews recent approaches to economic demography, considering such topics as the bio-geographic origins of comparative development differences, the role of health improvements and mortality decline, as well as physiological, familial, cultural, and social aspects.

After an overview of the study of demography and economic demography, the chapters cover subjects including the Neolithic era and the period of the formation of states and social institutions; longevity and economic growth; household decision making and fertility; land inequality, education, and marriage in nineteenth century Prussia; and caste systems and technology in pre-modern societies. The book concludes with a call for further investigation of the institutional and social factors that influence demographics and economies, suggesting that unified growth theory offers a potential approach to studying development.

ContributorsMatteo Cervellati, Francesco Cinnirella, David de la Croix, Carl-Johann Dalgaard, Matthias Doepke, Elena Esposito, Davide Fiaschi, Tamara Fioroni, Oded Galor, Boris Gershman, Erik Hornung, Fabian Kindermann, Nils-Petter Lagerlöf, Holger Strulik, Uwe Sunde, David N. Weil

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Series Foreword
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Overview
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. 1 The Demographic Transition and Long-Term Development
  2. Matteo Cervellati and Uwe Sunde
  3. pp. 1-28
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  1. 2 The Long Shadow of History: The Biogeographical Origins of Comparative Economic Development
  2. Oded Galor
  3. pp. 29-42
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  1. 3 Health Improvement and Income Growth in the Long Run
  2. David N. Weil
  3. pp. 43-68
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  1. 4 Did Longer Lives Buy Economic Growth? From Malthus to Lucas and Ben-Porath
  2. David de la Croix
  3. pp. 69-90
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  1. 5 Adult Mortality and Modern Growth
  2. Davide Fiaschi and Tamara Fioroni
  3. pp. 91-132
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  1. 6 Human Physiological Development and Economic Growth
  2. Carl-Johan Dalgaard and Holger Strulik
  3. pp. 133-158
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  1. 7 Intrahousehold Decision Making and Fertility
  2. Matthias Doepke and Fabian Kindermann
  3. pp. 159-182
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  1. 8 Land Inequality, Education, and Marriage: Empirical Evidence from Nineteenth-Century Prussia
  2. Francesco Cinnirella and Erik Hornung
  3. pp. 183-220
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  1. 9 Long-Run Development and the New Cultural Economics
  2. Boris Gershman
  3. pp. 221-262
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  1. 10 Time Since What? (Re)interpreting the Neolithic Transition in a Malthusian Environment
  2. Nils-Petter Lagerlöf
  3. pp. 263-292
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  1. 11 Caste Systems and Technology in Premodern Societies
  2. Elena Esposito
  3. pp. 293-342
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  1. 12 Conclusion and Outlook
  2. Matteo Cervellati and Uwe Sunde
  3. pp. 343-346
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 347-348
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 349-354
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