Cover

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Half Title, Title Page, Copyright, Dedication, Epigraph

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Contents

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pp. ix-x

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Foreword

Oliver P. Rafferty

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pp. xi-xvi

One of the aims of this work is to bring Tyrrell’s theology into conversation with the contemporary church and world. Anthony Maher seeks Tyrrell’s support for attempts in our age to integrate faith, theology, and life. The work is well grounded, not only in Tyrrell’s many writings, and in the Autobiography and Life of George Tyrrell, ..

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xvii-xviii

This opus began in the archives of Stonyhust College on discovering the complete works of George Tyrrell. Tyrrell was a former student and Professor at Stonyhurst. The research morphed into a PhD at the University of Lancaster, through the support of Professor Patrick Sherry, also a former student of Stonyhurst. I owe a great debt to Patrick for his patience and wise counsel. ...

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Preface

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pp. xix-xxii

I found myself on a cold December morning in the shadows of the legendary white chalked hills of West Sussex, the South Downs. The vista before me a wondrous sight, the yawning sun struggling to rise above the frost-scattered shimmerings of an older England. Clothed nearly new in Oxfam warming attire, ..

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Introduction

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pp. xxiii-xxx

The intriguing history, including the trials, tribulations, expulsions and suppressions of the Society of Jesus have been well documented in hundreds of books and peer-reviewed articles. Down through the centuries the Society of Jesus has attracted to its ranks a significant number of remarkable men, saints, prophets, poets, academics, ...

Part I: The Life of George Tyrrell

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1. An Ecclesial Prophet or Agent Provocateur?

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pp. 3-14

An ecclesial prophet or agent provocateur? Most likely, our answer will depend upon our own psychology and subsequent theological compass. In the context of the so-called Catholic ‘Modernist Crisis’, most surely an enduring ecclesial civil war, there are no winners. In an effort to comprehend one tragic human story of this particular ongoing conflict, ...

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2. Modernism: An Ecclesial Power Struggle

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pp. 15-24

Any attempt to define Modernism must remain conscious of the considerable hermeneutical challenges. The emotive power of a particular word or phrase can be instantly problematic—reminiscent of a dark night many years ago in Northern Ireland, when a colleague announced to a British army patrol, at gunpoint, ...

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3. A Tragic Human Story of a Priest-Theologian

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pp. 25-74

George Tyrrell, the erstwhile leader of the Modernist movement, was born into a Protestant, Dublin family in 1861. Ironically, it was his subsequent move to the ‘pagan land’ of England, on the Feast of All Fools, 1879, that brought Tyrrell into contact with the Roman Church.2 His first experience of a Catholic Mass took place ...

Part II: Tyrrell’s Theology

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4. Rights and Limits of Theology

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pp. 77-92

Tyrrell maintained that the religious impulse or the ‘wish to believe’ is best understood within the practical context of a given life. Typically, he argued, ...

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5. Doctrine, Development, and Historical Consciousness

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pp. 93-126

Newman, Tyrrell, together with pioneering Catholic scholars such as the Catholic faculty at Tübingen, in the middle of the nineteenth century, tried to work out a progressive understanding of doctrinal development through history.2 The term dogma had come to designate a religious proposition put forward for belief, ...

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6. Theological Apologetics

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pp. 127-144

Tyrrell held the view that ‘Apologetic theology has its fashions and moods to a degree that does not obtain in theology proper. For it is essentially an effort to accommodate religion to current tendencies of thought’.2 Tyrrell’s theology, consistent with his wider thought, necessitated a radical appeal to experience. ...

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7. ‘A Perverted Devotion to Hell’: A Pastoral Hermeneutical Case Study

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pp. 145-158

‘A Perverted Devotion to Hell’ is, in many respects, Tyrrell’s Ignatian-inspired reflection upon the nature of God and the subsequent human relationship with God. Within a theological context, Tyrrell’s writings are predominantly pastoral in motivation. His work remains distinctive for its time, espousing the liberation of theology ...

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8. Jesus or the Christ?

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pp. 159-180

Tyrrell did not formulate a systematic Christology. He did attempt to encourage a personal relationship with Christ within the context of the ordinary lived life of faith. This chapter will draw together rudiments of Tyrrell’s Christology that are randomly scattered throughout his entire corpus and developed most fully in two posthumous ...

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9. The Mystical Body of Christ

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pp. 181-192

Tyrrell’s theological goal was to find words to express the experience of transcendence. God is disclosed, he taught, by those things that are based and grounded in God. The ground itself (i.e. God) cannot be incorporated into a system alongside what is grounded. The ground is known only by analogy. ...

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10. The Spirit of Christ

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pp. 193-210

In Tyrrell’s Christianity at the Crossroads,2 the ‘Spirit of Christ’ is seen exclusively as the divine Spirit itself, active within the believer and the community.3 For Tyrrell, this principle evolved alongside his attempt to present a doctrine of Trinity that is grounded in scripture, ...

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11. Ecclesiology

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pp. 211-232

We have characterised Tyrrell’s life and work as an audacious attempt to avoid the dangers of Ultramontanism (Scylla) and the Liberal Protestantism (Charybdis) of early-twentieth-century Christianity. Perhaps a more politically astute soul would not have ignored the impending Ultramontane clouds building into a storm ...

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12. The Source of Authority and the Sensus Fidelium

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pp. 233-276

As we have seen in previous chapters, and shall explore in some detail in this, Tyrrell courageously questioned the source of authority, and concluded all authority derives from the Sensus Fidelium. He asked: ...

Part III: Tyrrell’s Legacy

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13. Tyrrell Observed in a New Light

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pp. 279-316

The author of the seminal Vraie et fausse réforme, Yves Congar, may well have understood the personal anguish that Tyrrell experienced at the hands of ‘censors’, occasioned by his advocacy for ecclesial reform.2 In the midst of the Second Vatican Council (1963), and signalling the beginning of Tyrrell’s renaissance, ...

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14. The Pastoral Council: The Ecclesial Reception of the ‘Modernist’ Agenda

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pp. 317-336

The supreme teaching authority of the Catholic Church is an Ecumenical Council joined with the Pope.2 During his opening speech on the first day of the Second Vatican Council, John XXIII called upon the bishops to exercise a teaching authority that would be predominantly pastoral in character. ...

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15. Tyrrell’s Legacy as an Ignatian Theologian

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pp. 337-368

Although now largely forgotten in the contemporary church, George Tyrrell considered himself to be an Ignatian theologian. Forced to defend his reputation following the criticism levelled at him in Cardinal Mercier’s Lenten Pastoral, Tyrrell succinctly articulates his Ignatian theological motivation and allegiance. ...

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Epilogue

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pp. 369-374

Our exploration of Tyrrell’s life and theology began in Storrington, England, and in one sense, it also ends there. Robert Dell expressed the disillusionment felt by many following Tyrrell’s death: ...

Abbreviations

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pp. 375-376

Index

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pp. 377-407

Back Cover

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