Mammals of Indiana
A Field Guide
Publication Year: 2010
This pocket-sized field guide to native Indiana mammals offers color photos, skull close-ups, and range maps, along with descriptions and clues to finding and identifying all mammals indigenous to the area -- and even a few that are not, but can now be found in the state. In addition to detailing Indiana's wild, mostly small, secretive, and nocturnal mammals, John O. Whitaker, Jr., describes the region's habitats, climate, and vegetation. Mammals of Indiana: A Field Guide precisely identifies the creatures you are likely to encounter while hiking a trail, camping in a state park, or picnicking in your own backyard. Whether you are a biologist, veterinarian, wildlife manager, or simply a nature enthusiast, this guide is certain to be a welcome companion during your next outdoor adventure.
Published by: Indiana University Press
Series: Indiana Natural Science
Preface and Acknowledgments
This is the first true field guide to the mammals of Indiana, one that can be put into one’s pocket, taken into the field, and used to determine species of mammals seen. It can also be used in some cases to help decipher what mammal ...
Indiana’s State Mammal—a Proposal
Indiana has a state bird—the cardinal—and a state tree—the tulip tree—but no state mammal. We therefore propose for the state mammal the Indiana myotis. The Indiana myotis was one of only two species of mammal ...
In Memory of the Recently Extirpated Native Species
The mammalian fauna of Indiana is constantly changing, as is evidenced by the number of species that have become extirpated over the past 150 years. Other species may be extirpated in the future. For this reason, most states have ...
Black rat, Rattus rattus. The black rat made it to Indiana early, at least to Indianapolis, but is believed to have been outcompeted by the Norway rat, Rattus norvegicus. Like the Norway rat, it is mainly found in buildings. It was last seen ...
Species of Questionable Recent Occurrence
Eastern spotted skunk, Spilogale putorius. Mumford and Whitaker (1982) recorded the spotted skunk as extirpated in Indiana. However, as for the wolverine, the evidence for its recent occurrence is meager, and one would not expect ...
Species List of Indiana Mammals
Species are arranged here phylogenetically by order, family, genus, and species, which is the same order that the species accounts appear in the book (other than for the extirpated species). By listing species phylogenetically, related (thus usually similar) species are generally grouped together, which facilitates species comparisons....
Introduction: Purpose and Plan of the Book
The purpose of this book is to help people identify and learn something about mammals of Indiana, from the skin or skull, tracks, feces, or other sign. It covers all the mammals—59 species—known to occur in Indiana today or recently, along with some information on the species that have become clearly extirpated in the past two centuries.This book is for ...
Indiana: An Overview
The Indiana Landscape and Major Habitats
Indiana is about 275 miles from north to south (41˚ 50'—37˚ 40' north latitude), and about 175 miles east to west (88˚ 2'—84˚ 49' west longitude). The state encompasses 36,291 square miles. It is bordered on the south by ...
Ecological Relationships of Mammals
Indiana has a number of different major habitats, such as upland and bottomland forest; prairie and other grassland; marsh, swamp, and other wetlands; caves; and of course human-created habitats such as farmland and buildings. Most species are not restricted to one habitat ...
Naming and Identifying Mammals
How Mammals Are Named
All mammals, and all organisms for that matter, have one valid scientific or Latin name. The purpose for this is that people will always know what species is being discussed. The scientific name consists of two parts, the generic name ...
How Mammals Are Identified
Each “kind” or species of mammal is different from every other. They differ from each other genetically in the DNA they carry and also in the characteristics expressed by the DNA. Individuals within a species differ from each other, thus ...
Use of Keys
Taxonomic keys to identify organisms are incorporated into this volume. Keys call on the user to make choices one after the other until an answer, hopefully the correct species, is determined. Keys are meant to ...
KEY TO ORDERS OF MAMMALS OF INDIANA: USING SKINS OR WHOLE ANIMALS. 1. Front limbs modified as wings (Fig. 1); thin interfemoral membrane (uropatagium) connecting hind limbs and tail ...
Species Accounts Listed by Family
Originally the opossums were established as one of the 10 families constituting a single order, the pouched mammals or Marsupialia. The pouched mammals have now been divided into seven orders. Marsupials occur primarily in the Australian region and in South America, with only one species, the American opossum, ...
Order SORICOMORPHA—Shrews and Moles
The moles and shrews were previously classed as order Insectivora but are now in the order Soricomorpha. Only two families occur in North America: the shrews, Soricidae, and the moles, Talpidae. North American soricomorphs have five toes on front and rear feet, ...
Bats are the only truly flying (winged) mammals. Their wings are of skin stretched over the finger and arm bones, and they usually connect and include the tail. Many bats exhibit echolocation and hibernation...
The armadillos were previously classed with the sloths and anteaters but more recently have been placed in their own order, the Cingulata. There is only one family, the Dasypodidae, and its characteristics are ...
Order LAGOMORPHA—Hares, Rabbits, and Allies
Lagomorphs resemble rodents, with which they have much in common. Apparently lagomorphs and rodents have common ancestry. Lagomorphs possess 2 pairs of upper incisors. The first pair is large and rodentlike, with a broad groove on ...
Order RODENTIA—Rodents or Gnawing Mammals
Rodents are found throughout the world, far surpassing all other mammalian orders in numbers of individuals and in numbers of genera and species. There are about 443 genera and 2,021 species. There are 22 species of rodents living in Indiana ...
Order CARNIVORA—Flesh Eaters
Carnivores are native throughout the world, except for Australia. (The dingo, which is actually a dog, is not native to Australia but was presumably brought to the continent long ago by human immigrants.) Today, there are 271 species of carnivores worldwide, in 129 genera and 11 families, including ...
The Artiodactyla are the even-toed hoofed mammals and include about 240 species in 10 families, among them the pigs, peccaries, hippopotamuses, deer, giraffes, cows, antelopes and related forms, and camels. Evolution in this group has been toward large size, herbivorous diet, and rapid locomotion. The long bones of the front and hind feet, the metacarpals and metatarsals, have elongated, therefore ...
English-Metric Measurements Conversion