Cover

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Half Title, Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Preface to the Paperback Edition

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pp. vii-x

Much Paleoindian research has been done in the Southeastern United States since the first shovelful of dirt was turned at Harney Flats in 1981. In retrospect, we see the timing of our work at Harney Flats falling on the cusp of an upsurge of Paleoindian studies in the region. Florida, in particular, has been unique in this regard because of the focus on underwater rather than terrestrial early sites. ...

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Foreword

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pp. xi-xii

With the publication of this book, great strides have been made in the study of Paleo-Indian in the Southeast. After decades of tantalizing hints at a significant presence of Early Man in Florida, provided primarily by finds of Suwannee points and Pleistocene fossils in the rivers of that state, we have in this book a full-blown study of a major site and its assemblages. ...

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Preface to the First Edition

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pp. xiii-xiv

The investigations at Harney Flats are important for several reasons. First, the data from the site fill a major gap in our knowledge of early man in the Southeast in general and Florida in particular because of the paucity of previously excavated early sites. Paleo-Indian studies in the state have largely been associated with a diagnostic projectile point style, a vague idea of other lithic artifacts, ...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xv-xvi

A project of this size and duration is never completed without the assistance of many people which we would like to acknowledge here. First of all, the Federal Highway Administration and the Florida Department of Transportation (DOT) provided the funding for the project as part of the I-75 Highway Salvage Program. ...

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1. Research Background

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pp. 1-13

This volume provides comprehensive results of excavations conducted at Harney Flats-one of the archaeological sites of the I-7 5 Highway Salvage Program investigated by the Bureau of Historic Sites and Properties (now the Bureau of Archaeological Research). The Florida Department of State, Division of Historical Resources, History and Records Management, ...

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2. Methodology

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pp. 14-27

Harney Flats (8Hi507) was one of two sites within the I-75 right-of-way that the Phase I surveyor, Calvin Jones, believed might yield Paleo-Indian materials. Although no such artifacts were recovered during the survey, Jones discovered Suwannee points, uncovered when the Tampa Bypass Canal was being dug through Harney Flats, in amateur archaeologists' collections. ...

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3. Site Stratification and Cultural Stratification

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pp. 28-40

We divided the Leon fine sand, which covers much of the Harney Flats site, into six different natural zones. The uppermost zone (Zone I) consists of gray sand with modern duff and humus. This is underlain by a white, loose fine sand (Zone 2) permeated with small roots and root stains. Often these two zones simply grade together making distinctions between the two difficult. ...

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4. Artifact Analysis

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pp. 41-97

The concept of the type and the implications that its definitions have for archaeological research have generated much debate over the years (Rouse, 1960; Brew, 1946; Spaulding, 1953; Ford, 1954). The controversy has centered around the question of whether types are inherent, awaiting discovery (Spaulding), or are generated by the archaeologist (Ford) for his own ends. ...

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5. Intra-Site Spatial Analysis

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pp. 98-128

Elucidating the internal spatial structure of Harney Flats was a major factor in determining the excavation design. Test pits were placed to locate the early component and any significant areas of occupational concentrations within it. Subsequently, the large contiguous area excavations coupled with point provenience mapping of certain artifact classes ...

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6. A Comparative Overview of Early Man Sites

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pp. 129-144

This review of selected early man sites in North America presents many disparate data collected by a host of investigators over an extended period of time and from a number of diverse environmental regions.
Many of these early sites were found to be similar in terms of their lack of bifacially worked artifacts, except projectile points. ...

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7. Context of Paleo-Indian in Central Florida

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pp. 145-161

Prior to Simpson's (1948) initial illustration of Paleo-Indian points from Florida, Sellards (1916, 1917) at Vero Beach and Gidley (1926) at Melbourne proclaimed that man had been in the peninsula since the Pleistocene based on findings of human skeletal remains in alleged association with Pleistocene faunal remains. ...

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8. Developing Models of a Band Society

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pp. 162-167

Direct observations on preserved tangible artifacts and features, must be utilized to determine the nature of the social, political, ideological, and other intangible or nonpreserved aspects of prehistoric life. Starting with the assumption that Paleo-Indian peoples were hunter-gatherers and organized as bands (Lee and Devore, 1968; Willey and Phillips, 1958), ...

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9. Settlement Systems and Technology: A Summary Model

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pp. 168-175

Harney Flats spans three physiographic zones: the Gulf Coastal Lowlands, the Polk Upland, and the Zephyrhills Gap (in which the Hillsborough River Valley is entrenched). In the vicinity of the site, the Coastal Lowlands would have been an upland 30 m above mean sea level 10,000 or more years ago. The Polk Upland was even higher and much better drained than today, ...

References Cited

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pp. 176-198

Index

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pp. 199-205

About the Authors

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Further Series Titles

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