Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-viii

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Acknowledgements

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pp. ix-x

This book is a culmination of an effort that includes multiple people who have been important in my academic journey. Firstly I thank my mother and my late father for everything that I am today. I also thank my brothers and sisters for all their love and support. My gratitude to Annah Leanne and Munyaradzi Chiweshe, my inspiration and the reason I wake...

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Chapter I - Introduction and Background

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pp. 1-22

My earliest memories are littered with football anecdotes which provide fond longing of a childhood in the poor flats of Mbare, Harare. I am a second generation football fan, raised on a steady stable diet of Zimbabwean football. My childhood was largely under the influence of Rufaro Stadium in Mbare. I grew up with a father who loved football, a lifelong Dynamos fan who socialised his children into a deep rooted relationship with the local team. Growing up, my father would take us to games...

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Chapter II - Understanding the Processes of Becoming a Football Team Fan in an African Context: The Case of Dynamos Football Club Fans in Zimbabwe

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pp. 23-38

From the intense regional rivalry that characterized medieval ball games to the national, religious, ethnic and political antagonisms that are present in modern-day football, one can highlight the continued role of football in the processes of identity construction and maintenance. Football/soccer is the most popular sport in the African continent and a source of entertainment for millions of people. Whilst the popularity of soccer in the continent is a question to be answered elsewhere...

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Chapter III - Till Death Do Us Part: Football as Part of Everyday Life amongst Dynamos Football Club Fans in Zimbabwe

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pp. 39-60

The chapter demonstrates the nexus between social identity and supporting a football club. Drawing on concepts of social identity, it highlights how supporting a football club operates to constitute an important part of individuals’ social identities. There is something more to supporting a football team besides entertainment. Supporting a football team is a kind of marriage, a commitment between the team and fans similar to ‘till death do us part’. I question why such strong ties, bonds...

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Chapter IV - Football Rivalries in Zimbabwe

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pp. 61-70

This chapter provides an analysis of how sport (football in particular) can be an arena to cement, reproduce and celebrate historical conflicts. It questions the simplistic assumptions of a growing field of sports for development which views football as a vehicle for social development. Using football rivalries in Zimbabwe as an example, the chapter highlights how sport can be a vehicle of playing out conflicts and passing rivalries from one generation to the next. The chapter explores the...

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Chapter V - One of the Boys:Female Fans Responses to Masculine and Phallocentric Nature of Football Stadiums

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pp. 71-88

Studies of football fandom from across the world all highlight masculine and misogynistic tendencies of the football stadiums. The domination of males in football spaces makes stadiums hostile environments for women who are often physically and verbally abused. This chapter outlines the experiences of female fans who attend matches in Zimbabwe. It provides a nuanced analysis of female fans’ responses to the masculine and phallocentric nature of the football stadium. In Zimbabwe women fans are increasing in number, challenging...

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Chapter VI - Of Goals and Whores: Football Fandom and Misogynistic Songs at the Rufaro Stadium in Zimbabwe

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pp. 89-106

This chapter focuses on the creation and recreation of women’s bodies through songs and chants among football fans in Harare. It offers an analysis of how stadiums are arenas for the celebration and reinforcement of hegemonic masculinities. Football fandom has proved a fertile ground for the display of masculine identities and the stadium has proved a readymade arena for the playing out of these identities. Fandom is a bastion of hegemonic masculinity. Football stadiums provide...

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Chapter VII - Creation and Meaning of Symbols among Dynamos Football Club Fans in Zimbabwe

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pp. 107-124

Football remains the most popular sport in Zimbabwe. This chapter provides an analysis of the creation of symbols associated with teams such as nicknames, colours and rituals. It argues that in Zimbabwe the creation of symbols is a contested enterprise and even the names of some team are contested. Football transcends the realm of the physical and attains a spiritual importance for most fans within the African continent. Supporting a football team goes beyond the ninety...

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Chapter VIII - Cyber-Fandoms in Zimbabwe

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pp. 125-144

Using netnography, this chapter explores presentation and contestation of fan identities on Facebook. The virtual nature of these fan identities is part of entrenched nature of our increasingly bifurcated society. People have fandoms practiced in the realm of cyber and real life. The chapter outlines actual conditions, motivation, symbolic meaning, and performance of online fan identities. It questions how the emergence of new media has mediated establishment and performative practices of football fandoms. Our study concludes that we are...

Bibliography

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pp. 145-158

Back cover

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p. 159