Cover

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Half Title, Accolades, Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Series Introduction

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pp. vii-x

Even after five hundred years Martin Luther continues to engage and challenge each new generation of scholars and believers alike. With 2017 marking the five-hundredth anniversary of Luther’s 95 Theses, Luther’s theology and legacy are being explored around the world with new questions and methods and by diverse voices. ...

Abbreviations

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pp. xi-xiii

Maps

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pp. xiv-xv

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Introduction to Volume 5

Hans J. Hillerbrand

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pp. 1-8

The topic is as old as the gospels in the New Testament. In the Gospel of Matthew we read that Jesus was asked whether it was right to pay taxes to the Roman occupation forces. Jesus’ response is well known: “Render to God what is God’s and to Caesar what is Caesar’s” (Matt. 22:21). This response, which seemed to draw a clear line between the spiritual and the secular realm, ...

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Luther’s Will, 1542

Hans J. Hillerbrand

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pp. 9-16

This document is arguably one of the most personal statements Martin Luther ever made. It displays not the insightful theologian, nor the committed church reformer, nor the implacable foe of the papacy and of all who disagreed with him. It is simply the personal statement of a husband and father who realized that ill health ...

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A Sermon on the Estate of Marriage Revised and Corrected by Dr. Martin Luther, Augustinian at Wittenberg, 1519

Marjorie Elizabeth Plummer

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pp. 17-32

Unlike many other works titled “sermon” published in the early sixteenth century, this work can be definitively traced to a sermon Martin Luther gave in Wittenberg on 16 January 1519, the second Sunday after Epiphany. In accordance with the liturgical calendar, Luther preached on the text of John 2:1-11, celebrating Jesus’ first miracle at the wedding at Cana in Galilee. ...

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On the Estate of Marriage, 1522

Marjorie Elizabeth Plummer

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pp. 33-78

Published in late 1522,1 just three years after his Sermon on the Estate of Marriage (1519), On the Estate of Marriage illustrates Martin Luther’s break with doctrinal positions on celibacy, clerical marriage, and marriage as a sacrament held by the medieval church. It also shows Luther’s progress from participation in theological debate to his active involvement in the calling ...

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On Secular Authority: To What Extent It Should Be Obeyed, 1523

James M. Estes

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pp. 79-130

Following his return to Wittenberg from a ten-month “exile” in the Wartburg (4 May 1521 to 1 March 1522), Luther found himself confronted with (among other things) two different but related questions concerning secular government and its authority. The first question was posed by some who were troubled by the injunctions of Jesus and St. Paul ...

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On Business and Usury, 1524

Hans J. Hillerbrand

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pp. 131-182

Luther’s treatise On Business and Usury (Von Kauffshandlung und wucher) was published before the end of June 1524.1 It constituted his effort to bring his understanding of the gospel to bear on economics in general and a major economic issue of the day in particular. The early sixteenth century, the time of the first notifiable inklings of early capitalism, ...

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Whether Soldiers, Too, Can Be Saved, 1526

John D. Roth

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pp. 183-234

In July of 1525, while attending festivities in Wittenberg honoring Prince John’s recent assumption of office as elector of Saxony,1 Luther came into conversation with Assa von Kram.2 A professional soldier, von Kram had recently participated in the bloody massacre of the peasants at the Battle of Frankenhausen.3 ...

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To the Councilmen of All Cities in Germany that They Establish and Maintain Christian Schools, 1524

H. Ashley Hall

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pp. 235-280

The following treatise presents Martin Luther’s arguments for educational reform. Luther offers here a robust defense of the liberal arts, placing education at the heart of the common good and therefore necessary not only for the mission of the church but also for all vocations in a God-fearing, harmonious society. To understand his arguments, let us begin by placing Luther ...

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Admonition to Peace: A Reply to the Twelve Articles of the Peasants in Swabia, 1525

Ashley Null

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pp. 281-334

In fifteenth-century Germany, peasant insurrections were neither uncommon nor necessarily a particularly effective means for societal transformation, for these efforts were not bringing about the needed changes. The Bundschuh uprising in upper Germany on the eve of the Reformation (1513–17) was only the latest in a long series of popular manifestations of unrest. ...

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On War against the Turk, 1529

John D. Roth

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pp. 335-390

On 9 October 1528, Luther sent a letter to Landgrave Philip of Hesse (1504–1567), along with a manuscript that he had dedicated to the “famous and powerful prince.” Although it would take another six months before the manuscript actually appeared in print, Luther’s On War against the Turk1 quickly found a wide readership, ...

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That Jesus Christ Was Born a Jew, 1523

Kirsi I. Stjerna

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pp. 391-440

Luther’s notorious and explicitly anti-Jewish writings late from his lifea make it indisputably clear what his conviction had been all along about Judaism as a religion:b Judaism was dead and there was no hope for Jews as Jews.c In light of the truths offered by Christianity and Christ-centric reading of the Scriptures about the divine design for humanity’s fate, Luther deemed Jewish expectations of the yet-to-come Messiah ...

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About the Jews and Their Lies, 1543

Hans J. Hillerbrand

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pp. 441-608

There is deep irony in the fact that this treatise, written some three years before his death, begins with Luther’s demurral that he had already written everything noteworthy about Jews, yet On the Jews and Their Lies has turned out to be the most notorious of all of Luther’s writings. The reader will be somewhat amused when—despite Luther’s introductory sentences ...

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On the Schem Hamphoras and on the Lineage of Christ, 1543

Brooks Schramm

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pp. 609-666

Though Luther’s comments on the Jews and Judaism easily run into the many thousands, the documents in which the central focus is on the Jewish question are five: That Jesus Christ Was Born a Jew (1523); Against the Sabbatarians (1538); On the Jews and Their Lies (1543); On the Schem Hamphoras and On the Lineage of Christ (1543); ...

Image Credits

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pp. 667-670

Index of Scriptural References

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pp. 671-680

Index of Names

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pp. 681-690

Index of Works by Martin Luther and Others

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pp. 691-698

Index of Subjects

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pp. 699-714

Back Cover

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