Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Introduction

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pp. 1-11

In the beginning (which was in 2004), Critical Zone committed itself to playing a part in the articulation of a global community of scholarship -- articulation both in the sense of expression, and in something like the physiological sense of constituting a joint or connection, binding different parts to work together. We wanted the publication to be a forum enabling a dialogue across regions and ...

Part I - Locality

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Locating Louise Ho: The Place of English Poetry in Hong Kong

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pp. 15-36

Louise Shew Wan Ho is a Hong Kong poet who writes in English. She was born and educated in Hong Kong, taught English at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, and now spends most of her time in Australia. Here is one of her poems which is a favourite of anthologists. ...

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Voices of Hong Kong: The Reconstruction of a Performance in a Teahouse

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pp. 37-57

After the handover to China in 1997, Hong Kong stepped into the uncharted territory of "One Country, Two Systems" on the one hand, and, on the other, "Asia's World City," a recent slogan that is being promoted internationally. These two designations hint at the city's dual aspirations and self-identities. On the one hand, Hong Kong recognizes that it is inextricably a part of China in terms of demography and culture to a significant degree if not completely ...

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Invisible Neighbors: Racial Minorities and the Hong Kong Chinese Community

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pp. 59-74

Some time ago I wrote a Chinese book on Hong Kong's racial minorities for the Home Mfairs Bureau of the Hong Kong Government.1 Therein racial minorities were defined broadly as people of non-Chinese origin living in the city. I interviewed more than twenty-three people of various ethnicities.2 Non-Chinese ethnics comprise only about 5 percent of the total population. Because they make ...

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Contested Colony: Hong Kong, the 1949 Revolution, and the "Taiwan Problem"

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pp. 75-93

Focusing on a series of diplomatic and political disputes during the 1950s after the establishment of the PRC on the mainland and the Nationalist regime on Taiwan, this article looks at how the Cold War made colonial Hong Kong into a contested and contentious terrain between conflicting visions of Chinese sovereignty - not only between the Communists and the Nationalists but also between Britain and the United States - and between shifting views of the role of the British Empire in the Cold War world. ...

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Babel and Vernacular in an Empire of Immigrants: Howells and the languages of American Fiction*

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pp. 95-112

Philological criticism is not just the same as close reading. As evidenced through the very different examples of Mikhail Bakhtin and Edward Said, philological care for language and the work of language in human life may operate in the study of discourse practices and patterns that cross the bounds of individual works, even as those patterns are discerned and delineated through scrupulous attention to particular textual moments. Yet sometimes even this may be too close. ...

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Dreaming about the Singularity of the New Middle Ages: Three Provisional Notes on the Question of Imagination

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pp. 113-144

Is it seriously possible to imagine the world order today, and if so what would it mean to do so? Taken together, the following three provisional notes draw a particular line of inquiry from this question of imagination. The notes are largely expository and aim at exploring the value of imagination in two fields of analysis and speculation -- futurist technology theory and international security studies -- whose formations are concomitants of the new global information-technology society. ...

Part II - Translations: Chinese Nationalism

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Modern Chinese Nationalism and the Boxer Movement*

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pp. 147-154

Nationalism, in its broad sense, refers to an idea or emotion which expresses one's allegiance to one's native land and one's interests. When a nation faces external threats, its glorious past and culture, its courage and wisdom are often appealed to in order to stimulate nationalistic feelings in its members and generate spiritual power to defend the integrity, sovereignty and dignity of the nation. ...

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The Cultural Origin of the Boxer Movement's Obscurantism and Its Influence on the Cultural Revolution*

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pp. 155-168

Chinese history in the 20th century was inaugurated by the Boxer Movement. In retrospect, we are not surprised to find that the political twists and turns of the century are closely related to this peculiar inauguration. Not only did this nationwide movement have decisive influence on the fate of China at that particular historical juncture, but its ways of perceiving the world, mobilizing the masses and its mode of religious belief made a drastic return in the form of "mass movement" during the Cultural Revolution sixty years later. ...

Part II - Translations: Shanghai History Books

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Editors' Note

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p. 170

After three years' experimental use in some Shanghai high schools, the new history textbook, co-edited by Shanghai historians Su Zhiliang and Zhou Chunsheng (professors of history at the Shanghai Normal University), began to be more widely adopted in Shanghai high schools in 2006. What makes the textbook new is that it lays more emphasis on civilizational developments than on heroes, wars, revolutions, and dynastic changes. ...

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The New History Books in Shanghai: It's a Change, Not a Coup d'Etat*

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pp. 171-178

Articles even appeared with headlines intended to shock, like: "Gates to Replace Mao Zedong in China's New History Textbooks"; "A Coup d'Etat Starts Quietly with the Shanghai History Textbooks" and "Shanghai Textbooks are the Starting Point of an 'Orange Revolution'." No one with any brain would believe this type of language. ...

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Zhu Xueqin Reviews New History Books: A Cannibalistic View of History Produced Wolves*

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pp. 179-185

Shanghai in late September: the weather is unusually good, but 33-year-old Han Yunsong's state of mind is a bit confused. He is the Head of the Research Division at Fudan University No. 2 Middle School responsible for all the history teaching in the four classes of the middle school. His confused state of mind began from this term, when the history textbooks used by all the middle and high school students in Shanghai were changed, and these changes have for a whole month been a hot point in internet debates and media reporting. ...

Part II - Translations: China Maritime Rights

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On the Development Strategy for China's Sea Power*

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pp. 189-203

China today is developing rapidly, but its development is unbalanced. From the point of view of geopolitics, this imbalance is above all the unbalanced development of China's land and sea power. China is obviously a land power, but its progress in sea power is relatively limited. But can China become a great sea power through its own development, or become a great power on both land and sea? How should China develop its own sea power? This is a major theoretical and practical problem for China. The authors present some of their own thoughts based on discussions by Chinese scholars. ...

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On China's Sea Power*

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pp. 205-214

Sea power first presented itself as a problem for the Chinese during the Opium War. It has still not been theoretically resolved although it urgently requires a theoretical answer. This article examines the idea of sea power by going from the general to the specific, and seeks to provide a theoretical system of sea power that fits the sense of the Chinese language and the practice of China's modernization in the new century. It also uses these concepts and theories to solve the current problems concerning the realization of China's sea power. ...

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On China's Foreign Policy Strategy*

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pp. 215-234

First, we should make the parameters of foreign policy strategy clear. Put simply, it is both the assessment of the general global situation and the definition of overall diplomatic goals, and also what people commonly speak of as "situations and tasks." As for specific tasks according to region, area and time, and strategies, methods and measures for completion of such tasks, these are minor matters of small-scale strategy, campaigns and tactics. ...

Contributors

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pp. 235-236