Cover

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Title Page

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Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vii

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Acknowledgements

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p. ix

In the process of preparing for this series we have accumulated a large number of debts of gratitude to individuals and institutions that have contributed in important ways to the actualization of this project. To the University of Hong Kong for the University Development Fund grant that has made it possible to carry out the idea of this book series; to Professor Hong Yinxing, former ...

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Introduction: Difference and Convergence in Globalization

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pp. 1-18

It is customary nowadays to accept that a cross-national and cross-regional production of knowledge and the integration of academic communities are no longer just an idea or a desire, but a given and an experience. In the process of globalization, it is often claimed and believed that academics in the humanities are empowered by a new set of international conditions of possibility in critical ...

Part I: Knowledge, Institutionalization and Globalization

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What's Real?

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pp. 21-36

I can date very precisely the moment in 1985 when I first recognised the specificity of the postmodern. My sympathies were fully enlisted by Cecilia, the downtrodden wife at the centre of Woody Allen's film The Purple Rose of Cairo. I was relishing her pleasure in the black and white adventure story showing at her local picture house, when to my astonishment and delight, as well as to hers, Tom Baxter, the ...

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Some Notes on a Critique of Culture

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pp. 37-48

It is noteworthy that in tandem with the constitution and integration of more and more "regions" into the global economy — much of Africa, Central Asia, and sections of Southwest Asia remaining exceptions — there is increased attention being paid to the old idea of the university as conservator and purveyor of culture. An instructive example of this is the Europa-Universitdt Viadrina, "European ...

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Race Theory on Trial Under National Socialism: The Case of Ludwig Ferdinand Clauss

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pp. 49-60

For the (ideal) scientist, the language of science has maximal autonomy in respect of the object of investigation and in relation to external socio-political forces. This ideal language of science is also autonomous in relation to its utterer, the scientist. The value of what is said, its truth, is independent of who is speaking. An alternative picture of science sees the form of the academic, scientific, or clinical ...

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English Studies and Global Ethics: Universalism and the Idioms of Experience

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pp. 61-68

What follows are some tentative reflections on some problems shared by English studies and an emerging notion of "global ethics." These shared problems concern the relationship between culture and experience as this relationship is imagined under the conflicted sign of "universality." While these reflections stem initially from an analogy (and all the limitations analogies bring with them), they also ...

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English and the Humanities no China

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pp. 69-78

It is perhaps beyond the imagination of many that an English lecture could be as popular as a pop song performance or a major football match, but it is true in China where the number of English learners exceeds the population of the United States. When Li Yang, the founder of the "Crazy English" program, came to Nanjing, according to the local newspaper, he rented the biggest stadium in town ...

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Why Should the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Continue to Exist?

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pp. 79-86

The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences is possibly the biggest research institution in the world and certainly the most prestigious on the Mainland, specializing not only in social science, with particular reference to Chinese society, but also the humanities. As such, it should, indeed it must engage in a scrupulous study of its own research philosophy and purpose. Such self-examination will not only reveal ...

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The Chinese Government's Policy on Private Higher Education: 1982-2000

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pp. 87-104

Private higher education in China first emerged in the 1930s, and it flourished until 1949 when it was suspended for political and ideological reasons. In fact, it took the death of Mao Zedong, the exposure of the bankruptcy of Utopian social reform and the beginning of the open-door policy to breathe new life into privately funded education. According to Ministry of Education statistics, at the ...

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Reading the West: Notes on Recent Chinese Critiques of Western Discourses

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pp. 105-116

There is no denying that most Chinese intellectuals now enjoy more academic freedom than before, as the market economy has considerably alleviated the tension between state and society. In academic circles, however, this development has generated not only a sense of autonomy but also the fear of being marginalized by rapid commercialization and fierce social competition. Many ...

Part II: Reviews and Translations

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The "Linguistic Turn" in 1990s China and Globalization

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pp. 119-138

It is impossible to review how the use of language changed in 1990s China, a subject worthy of several books. China had made herself a new grand narrative of change in that decade; it seems that any aspect of the change is describable, except the change of narrative that had described itself. Rather than a full survey, however, this essay features some texts, authors, moments, and discourses in the ...

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Research Methods and Chinese Humanities at the Turn of the Century

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pp. 139-148

Twentieth-century humanities scholarship in China was marked and marred by unsettling debates over all the despotic "-isms" that held sway. Serious engagement with the Western concepts and "-isms," however, failed to lead Chinese scholars into the international arena, because they were in the intellectual shadow of the West and showed little originality and self-confidence. It took time for scholars ...

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Editors' Note

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pp. 149-152

In the following pages, we present the work of J. Hillis Miller, Qian Zhongwen, Wang Yichuan, and Wan Junren. The four articles included in this cluster, though quite different in perspective as well as in position, discuss the cultural and literary consequences of globalization, a topic that has been drawing much critical attention in mainland China. We reprint these articles (all of which, except J. Hillis Miller's, have been translated ...

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Will Literary Study Survive the Globalization of the University and the New Regime of Telecommunicatooinis?

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pp. 153-164

What Derrida, or rather his protagonist in La carte postale, says in the citation I have made is truly frightening, at least to a lover of literature like me or like the protagonist's hapless interlocuter, the American graduate student in comparative literature who was looking for a dissertation topic. What the protagonist says arouses in me the passions of anxiety, dubiety, fear, disgust, and ...

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The Future of Literary Theory in the Context of Globalization (Excerpts)

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pp. 165-172

I once pointed out that in the context of globalization, the development of literary theory in China and the West, when viewed from the twentieth-century vantage point, had diverged twice. Before the 1980s, mainstream Western literary theory foregrounded the intrinsic approach to the study of literature, whereas, in our country, extrinsic study had been carried to the extreme, the consequence being ...

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Chinese Literature in the Milieu of "Globality" (Excerpts)

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pp. 173-178

China's economy is an active participant in the process of "globalization" (e.g., China's accession to the WTO) that characterizes the world economy. But our culture adopts a basic attitude of opening to, communicating with, and learning from other nations on the one hand, while on the other endeavouring to maintain and uphold its own unique character. In other words, while the economies of ...

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Economic Globalization and Cultural Pluralism (Exceirpts)

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pp. 179-186

In its modern context, "globalization" is innately related to the concept of modernity and has become a force with an infinite capacity for growth and development. Since it entails an inalienable sense of modernity and is endowed with an increasingly more urgent expectation of the values expressed by the moderns' teleology, it is even becoming, in a sense, the keyword for expressing ...

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Chinese Studies: A Changing Field of Contentioin — A Debate on Wo Hong's Monumentality in Early Chinese Art and Architecture (Excerpts)

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pp. 187-198

In this article, "Chinese Studies: A Changing Field of Contention — A Debate on Wu Hung's Monumentally in Early Chinese Art and Architecture," Li Ling uses the debate on Wu Hung's Monumentality as a point of entry into the field of discursive differences between traditional Chinese historiography and its counterpart in the West, in particular in the US. In recapitulating the debate over Wu Hung's work, Li intends to "acquaint ...

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"Re-evaluation of Modernity" and Modern Chinese Literature (Exceirpts)

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pp. 199-206

The point of departure of Li Yi's "'Re-evaluation of Modernity' and Modern Chinese Literature," is familiar enough; it is yet another attempt to reassess "modernity" as a concept and a practice in relation to the development of modern Chinese literature. The article argues that the issue of historical and social specificities and rich details of modern Chinese literature have often been ignored in recent critical articulations about ...

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Historical Imaginaries of Asia

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pp. 207-214

This piece by Wang Hui presents a brief outline of the historical imaginaries of Asia, with its focus of attention on the Japanese articulations on a Japan that is both within and outside Asia. The idea that Asia or East Asia was a separate and unique civilization that had Confucianism as its ethical and cultural mainstay must be considered in close relation to the rise of Japan as a regional power in the late nineteenth and early twentieth ...

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Foreign Settlements in Shanghai and Fusion of Different Cultures (Excerpts)

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pp. 215-220

In "Foreign Settlements in Shanghai and Fusion of Different Cultures," Xiong Yuezhi, a Shanghai-based historian, considers the importance of Western culture to the formation of modern Shanghai. The article examines the relationship between foreign settlements in Shanghai and the formation of its modernity in the second half of nineteenth century. In contrast to the established view that the foreign settlements were the product of ...

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Afterword

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pp. 221-229

Critical Zone is a symptom of the most important problem facing traditional politics — the relationship between China and the English-speaking world, which is to say, the relationship between the PRC and the USA. The editors of Critical Zone have taken excellent advantage of Hong Kong's particular history as an open society and ex-colony of Britain importantly oriented to US economic and political ...

Contributors

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pp. 229-232